Effect of the Hydrofluoroether Cosolvent Structure in Acetonitrile-Based Solvate Electrolytes on the Li+ Solvation Structure and Li-S Battery Performance.
We evaluate hydrofluoroether (HFE) cosolvents with varying degrees of fluorination in the acetonitrile-based solvate electrolyte to determine the effect of the HFE structure on the electrochemical performance of the Li-S battery. Solvates or sparingly solvating electrolytes are an interesting electrolyte choice for the Li-S battery due to their low polysulfide solubility. The solvate electrolyte with a stoichiometric ratio of LiTFSI salt in acetonitrile, (MeCN)(2)-LiTFSI, exhibits limited polysulfide solubility due to the high concentration of LiTFSI. We demonstrate that the addition of highly fluorinated HFEs to the solvate yields better capacity retention compared to that of less fluorinated HFE cosolvents. Ramanmore »