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Title: A Review on The Bioconversion of Lignin to Microbial Lipid with Oleaginous Rhodococcus opacus

Abstract

Rhodococcus opacus produces intracellular lipids from the biodegradation of lignocellulosic biomass. These lipids can be used to produce biofuels that could potentially replace petroleum-derived chemicals. Some current studies are focusing on deconstructing lignin through efficient and cost-effective pretreatment methods and improving microbial lipid titers. Furthermore, R. opacus can reach high levels of oleaginicity (>80%) when grown on glucose and other aromatic model compounds but intracellular lipid production is much lower on complex recalcitrant lignin substrates. Our review will discuss recent advances in studying R. opacus lignin degradation by exploring different pretreatment methods, increasing lignin solubility, enriching for low molecular weight lignin compounds and laccase supplementation.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  2. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1376594
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; EE0006112
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 07; Journal Issue: 02; Journal ID: ISSN 2155-952X
Publisher:
OMICS International
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; Rhodococcus opacus; Oleaginous organisms; Microbial lipids; Lignin; Biofuels

Citation Formats

Mahan, Kristina M., Le, Rosemary K., Yuan, Joshua, and Ragauskas, Arthur J. A Review on The Bioconversion of Lignin to Microbial Lipid with Oleaginous Rhodococcus opacus. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.4172/2155-952X.1000262.
Mahan, Kristina M., Le, Rosemary K., Yuan, Joshua, & Ragauskas, Arthur J. A Review on The Bioconversion of Lignin to Microbial Lipid with Oleaginous Rhodococcus opacus. United States. doi:10.4172/2155-952X.1000262.
Mahan, Kristina M., Le, Rosemary K., Yuan, Joshua, and Ragauskas, Arthur J. Thu . "A Review on The Bioconversion of Lignin to Microbial Lipid with Oleaginous Rhodococcus opacus". United States. doi:10.4172/2155-952X.1000262. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1376594.
@article{osti_1376594,
title = {A Review on The Bioconversion of Lignin to Microbial Lipid with Oleaginous Rhodococcus opacus},
author = {Mahan, Kristina M. and Le, Rosemary K. and Yuan, Joshua and Ragauskas, Arthur J.},
abstractNote = {Rhodococcus opacus produces intracellular lipids from the biodegradation of lignocellulosic biomass. These lipids can be used to produce biofuels that could potentially replace petroleum-derived chemicals. Some current studies are focusing on deconstructing lignin through efficient and cost-effective pretreatment methods and improving microbial lipid titers. Furthermore, R. opacus can reach high levels of oleaginicity (>80%) when grown on glucose and other aromatic model compounds but intracellular lipid production is much lower on complex recalcitrant lignin substrates. Our review will discuss recent advances in studying R. opacus lignin degradation by exploring different pretreatment methods, increasing lignin solubility, enriching for low molecular weight lignin compounds and laccase supplementation.},
doi = {10.4172/2155-952X.1000262},
journal = {Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials},
number = 02,
volume = 07,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jun 29 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Thu Jun 29 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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