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Title: RIA simulation tests using driver tube for ATF cladding

Abstract

Pellet-cladding mechanical interaction (PCMI) is a potential failure mechanism for accident-tolerant fuel (ATF) cladding candidates during a reactivity-initiated accident (RIA). This report summarizes Fiscal Year (FY) 2017 research activities that were undertaken to evaluate the PCMI-like hoop-strain-driven mechanical response of ATF cladding candidates. To achieve various RIA-like conditions, a modified-burst test (MBT) device was developed to produce different mechanical pulses. The calibration of the MBT instrument was accomplished by performing mechanical tests on unirradiated Generation-I iron-chromium-aluminum (FeCrAl) alloy samples. Shakedown tests were also conducted in both FY 2016 and FY 2017 using unirradiated hydrided ZIRLO™ tube samples. This milestone report focuses on testing of ATF materials, but the benchmark tests with hydrided ZIRLO™ tube samples are documented in a recent journal article.a For the calibration and benchmark tests, the hoop strain was monitored using strain gauges attached to the sample surface in the hoop direction. A novel digital image correlation (DIC) system composed of a single high-speed camera and an array of six mirrors was developed for the MBT instrument to better resolve the failure behavior of samples and to provide useful data for validation of high-fidelity modeling and simulation tools. The DIC system enable a 360° view of amore » sample’s outer surface. This feature was added to the instrument to determine the precise failure location on a sample’s surface for strain predictions. The DIC system was tested on several silicon carbide fiber/silicon carbide matrix (SiC/SiC) composite tube samples at various pressurization rates of the driver tube (which correspond to the strain rates for the samples). The hoop strains for various loading conditions were determined for the SiC/SiC composite tube samples. Future work is planned to enhance understanding of the failure behavior of the ATF cladding candidates of age-hardened FeCrAl alloys and SiC/SiC composites in detail during RIA conditions informed by the computational studies performed under the US Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy Advanced Fuels Campaign. The testing instrument and the new DIC system will be further developed to reach different stress-state conditions and to perform tests at elevated temperatures.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1376505
Report Number(s):
ORNL/SR-2017-346
75755
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS

Citation Formats

Cinbiz, Mahmut N., Brown, N. R., Lowden, R. R., Linton, K., and Terrani, K. A. RIA simulation tests using driver tube for ATF cladding. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.2172/1376505.
Cinbiz, Mahmut N., Brown, N. R., Lowden, R. R., Linton, K., & Terrani, K. A. RIA simulation tests using driver tube for ATF cladding. United States. doi:10.2172/1376505.
Cinbiz, Mahmut N., Brown, N. R., Lowden, R. R., Linton, K., and Terrani, K. A. Sat . "RIA simulation tests using driver tube for ATF cladding". United States. doi:10.2172/1376505. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1376505.
@article{osti_1376505,
title = {RIA simulation tests using driver tube for ATF cladding},
author = {Cinbiz, Mahmut N. and Brown, N. R. and Lowden, R. R. and Linton, K. and Terrani, K. A.},
abstractNote = {Pellet-cladding mechanical interaction (PCMI) is a potential failure mechanism for accident-tolerant fuel (ATF) cladding candidates during a reactivity-initiated accident (RIA). This report summarizes Fiscal Year (FY) 2017 research activities that were undertaken to evaluate the PCMI-like hoop-strain-driven mechanical response of ATF cladding candidates. To achieve various RIA-like conditions, a modified-burst test (MBT) device was developed to produce different mechanical pulses. The calibration of the MBT instrument was accomplished by performing mechanical tests on unirradiated Generation-I iron-chromium-aluminum (FeCrAl) alloy samples. Shakedown tests were also conducted in both FY 2016 and FY 2017 using unirradiated hydrided ZIRLO™ tube samples. This milestone report focuses on testing of ATF materials, but the benchmark tests with hydrided ZIRLO™ tube samples are documented in a recent journal article.a For the calibration and benchmark tests, the hoop strain was monitored using strain gauges attached to the sample surface in the hoop direction. A novel digital image correlation (DIC) system composed of a single high-speed camera and an array of six mirrors was developed for the MBT instrument to better resolve the failure behavior of samples and to provide useful data for validation of high-fidelity modeling and simulation tools. The DIC system enable a 360° view of a sample’s outer surface. This feature was added to the instrument to determine the precise failure location on a sample’s surface for strain predictions. The DIC system was tested on several silicon carbide fiber/silicon carbide matrix (SiC/SiC) composite tube samples at various pressurization rates of the driver tube (which correspond to the strain rates for the samples). The hoop strains for various loading conditions were determined for the SiC/SiC composite tube samples. Future work is planned to enhance understanding of the failure behavior of the ATF cladding candidates of age-hardened FeCrAl alloys and SiC/SiC composites in detail during RIA conditions informed by the computational studies performed under the US Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy Advanced Fuels Campaign. The testing instrument and the new DIC system will be further developed to reach different stress-state conditions and to perform tests at elevated temperatures.},
doi = {10.2172/1376505},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sat Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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