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Title: Overview of Available Tools and Resources for International Nuclear Safeguards

  1. ORNL
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
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Resource Relation:
Conference: INMM Annual Meeting - Indian Wells, California, United States of America - 7/16/2017 12:00:00 AM-7/20/2017 12:00:00 AM
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

HALE-SALVO, HANNAH R. Overview of Available Tools and Resources for International Nuclear Safeguards. United States: N. p., 2017. Web.
HALE-SALVO, HANNAH R. Overview of Available Tools and Resources for International Nuclear Safeguards. United States.
HALE-SALVO, HANNAH R. 2017. "Overview of Available Tools and Resources for International Nuclear Safeguards". United States. doi:.
title = {Overview of Available Tools and Resources for International Nuclear Safeguards},
author = {HALE-SALVO, HANNAH R.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2017,
month = 7

Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

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  • The IAEA sponsors international symposia at four year intervals to review the latest developments in safeguards technology. The sixth symposium in this series was held in Vienna in November, 1986. As is normal at professional meetings, the topics discussed in the corridors are significant in the sense that they, along with the technical presentations, identify areas of greatest current interest and concern. During this Symposium, papers on safeguards for reprocessing occupied about one-fifth of the technical programme; the subject appeared to be of considerable corridor interest as well. Also to be noted was the emphasis on recent experience with NDAmore » equipment. Although receiving less emphasis as judged by the numbers of papers, the continued importance to effective safeguards of DA techniques, containment and surveillance, statistics, and data processing, was also evident. This overview paper discusses these topics and draws comparisons with past symposia. It also describes the international atmosphere, and summarizes important trends which the authors believe can be perceived in safeguards R and D efforts.« less
  • Increasing numbers and complexity of facilities inspected by the International Atomic Energy Agency will require difficult decisions about the levels of safeguards to be assigned to materials and facilities should limitations on inspection resources continue. This paper examines some alternative strategies for assigning inspection effort that could improve effectiveness and efficiency of safeguards compared with current inspection practice. These allocation concepts are: (1) extension of inspection planning to include material strata and accounting areas that encompass multiple facilities and (2) the use of randomization of the quality and frequency of inspections and inspection activities.
  • The U.S. Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) hosted a workshop from May 4-22, 2009, on the fundamental elements of international safeguards. Entitled "A Technical Training Workshop on International Safeguards," the workshop introduced post-graduate students from Malaysia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand, Morocco, Egypt, Algeria and Tunisia to the fundamental issues and best practices associated with international safeguards and encouraged them to explore potential career paths in safeguards. Workshops like these strengthen the international safeguards regime by promoting the development of a "safeguards culture" among young nuclear professionals within nascent nuclear countries. While this concept of safeguards culture is sometimes hardmore » to define and even harder to measure, this paper will demonstrate that the promotion of safeguards cultures through workshops like these justifies the investment of U.S. taxpayer dollars.« less
  • For the past two years, the United States National Nuclear Security Administration, Office of International Regimes and Agreements (NA-243), has sponsored the Safeguards-by-Design Project, through which it is hoped new nuclear facilities will be designed and constructed worldwide more amenable to nuclear safeguards. In the course of this project it was recognized that commercial designer/builders of nuclear facilities are not always aware of, or understand, the relevant domestic and international safeguards requirements, especially the latter as implemented by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). To help commercial designer/builders better understand these requirements, a report was prepared by the Safeguards-by-Design Projectmore » Team that articulated and interpreted the international nuclear safeguards requirements for the initial case of uranium enrichment plants. The following paper summarizes the subject report, the specific requirements, where they originate, and the implications for design and construction. It also briefly summarizes the established best design and operating practices that designer/builder/operators have implemented for currently meeting these requirements. In preparing the subject report, it is recognized that the best practices are continually evolving as the designer/builder/operators and IAEA consider even more effective and efficient means for meeting the safeguards requirements and objectives.« less