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Title: Tools and Methodologies to Support Implementation of the IAEA’s Additional Protocol

 [1];  [2];  [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [4];  [4]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)
  2. U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration
  3. Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)
  4. ORNL
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Resource Relation:
Conference: INMM 57th Annual Conference - Indian Wells, California, United States of America - 7/16/2017 12:00:00 AM-7/20/2017 12:00:00 AM
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Killinger, Mark, Therois, Ike, Hansen, Linda, Reed, Justin, Cain, Ronald A., Kovacic, Donald N., and Hale-Salvo, Hannah R. Tools and Methodologies to Support Implementation of the IAEA’s Additional Protocol. United States: N. p., 2017. Web.
Killinger, Mark, Therois, Ike, Hansen, Linda, Reed, Justin, Cain, Ronald A., Kovacic, Donald N., & Hale-Salvo, Hannah R. Tools and Methodologies to Support Implementation of the IAEA’s Additional Protocol. United States.
Killinger, Mark, Therois, Ike, Hansen, Linda, Reed, Justin, Cain, Ronald A., Kovacic, Donald N., and Hale-Salvo, Hannah R. 2017. "Tools and Methodologies to Support Implementation of the IAEA’s Additional Protocol". United States. doi:.
title = {Tools and Methodologies to Support Implementation of the IAEA’s Additional Protocol},
author = {Killinger, Mark and Therois, Ike and Hansen, Linda and Reed, Justin and Cain, Ronald A. and Kovacic, Donald N. and Hale-Salvo, Hannah R.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2017,
month = 7

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  • No abstract prepared.
  • The United States Additional Protocol (AP) with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) entered into force (EIF) January 6, 2009. In anticipation of the EIF, the Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration Office of International Regimes and Agreements (NA-243) began the initial DOE AP data call on November 3, 2008. This paper describes the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL's) preparation, organization, and development efforts to successfully implement the AP and complete the AP data call. ORNL had 35 days to identify declarable activities and finalize the declaration line items (DLIs) for submission to NA-243. To be able tomore » respond within the required time frame, many preparation activities at ORNL were necessary, such as determining the AP coordinator (APC) and team roles; conducting site awareness training; creating the ORNL Standards-Based Management System (SBMS) procedure Reporting of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Activities; training personnel; and defining site implementation software tools. Identifying, updating, compiling, reviewing, and submitting the DLIs to NA-243 were all critical activities for successfully implementing the AP and completing the AP data call at ORNL.« less
  • A country’s adherence to the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) Additional Protocol is an important statement to the world of that country’s commitment to nuclear nonproliferation. Without the Additional Protocol (AP) it is possible, as demonstrated in Iraq, for a country party to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) to clandestinely work toward nuclear weapons and be undetected by the IAEA. This is because classical safeguards under the NPT are directed at diversion of nuclear material from declared activities. But a country may instead build undeclared activities to produce weapons-grade nuclear material. The AP is directed at detecting those undeclared activities. Asmore » of May 2003, 73 countries had signed the AP, but only 35 have entered into force. To further adherence to the AP, the IAEA has held regional, high-level seminars in Japan, South Africa, Kazakhstan, Peru, Romania, and Malaysia to explain AP provisions. To supplement these policy-level seminars, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has undertaken to develop a set of modules of technical competencies required to implement the AP. The intent is to work closely with the IAEA by providing these technical competencies to countries as well as to complement the IAEA’s regional seminars and other outreach efforts. This paper briefly describes the technical competency modules.« less
  • The United States signed the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Additional Protocol (AP) to the Safeguards Agreement in 1998. President Bush submitted the AP to the U.S. Senate for advice and consent to ratification, and the Senate gave that consent unanimously in March 2004. The only remaining major step before implementation is for the President to declare entry into force. For several years, the Department of Energy has been planning for the potential ratification of the AP and its implementation in the DOE Complex. Preparations are taking place in four task areas: directives development, computer reporting system, field trials, andmore » information sessions. Directives development consists of revising DOE Order 142.2 and developing a new associated Manual to incorporate AP provisions. The revised Order describes the AP-related responsibilities of relevant DOE offices, and the Manual provides additional detail on those responsibilities. The AP Reporting System will be a tool to receive and manage declarations that DOE makes to the IAEA. The Reporting System will be computer-based and will be used by DOE headquarters staff, field offices, and contractors. Field trials are intended to test existing AP preparations in the DOE Complex and to discover further actions that are necessary for DOE to be fully prepared for actual AP implementation. An initial field trial was held in November 2003. Information sessions are being designed to explain AP provisions and responsibilities to DOE headquarters and field office staff and to DOE contractors. This paper describes the four tasks and their current status.« less
  • The Philippines entered into force the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Additional Protocol (AP) in February 2010. The Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI) is the government agency responsible for implementing the AP. In June 2010 the IAEA invited the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to help conduct a joint national training seminar on the AP. DOE presented to PNRI its AP international technical assistance program, administered by the International Nuclear Safeguards and Engagement Program (INSEP), which helps partner countries implement the AP. In coordination with the IAEA, DOE established this program in 2008 to complement IAEA AP seminars with long-termmore » country-specific cooperation from the perspective of a Member State. The US version of the AP is the same version as that of non-nuclear weapon states except for the addition of a national security exclusion. Due to this, DOE cooperation with other countries enables the sharing of valuable lessons learned in implementing the AP. DOE/INSEP described to PNRI the various areas of cooperation it offers to interested countries, whether they are preparing for entry into force or already implementing the AP. Even countries that have entered the AP into force are sometimes not fully prepared to implement it well, and welcome cooperation to improve their implementation process. PNRI and DOE/INSEP subsequently agreed to cooperate in several areas to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the Philippines AP implementation. These areas include providing working-level training to PNRI staff and preparing an information document that details that training for future reference, assisting with the development of an outreach program and procedures for AP reporting and complementary access, and identifying Annex II equipment and non-nuclear materials whose export must be reported under the AP. DOE laboratory representatives, funded by INSEP, met again with PNRI in February 2011 to provide training for PNRI AP staff and investigate specific ways to improve implementation. Another meeting in July 2011 focused on preparations for outreach to industry and universities. In this paper PNRI describes current implementation of the AP in the Philippines, and both DOE/INSEP and PNRI provide their perspectives on their cooperation to enhance that implementation.« less