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Title: Black carbon emissions in Russia: A critical review

Abstract

Russia has a particularly important role regarding black carbon (BC) emissions given the extent of its territory above the Arctic Circle, where BC emissions have a particularly pronounced effect on the climate. This study presents a comprehensive review of BC estimates from a range of studies. We assess underlying methodologies and data sources for each major emissions source based on their level of detail, accuracy and extent to which they represent current conditions. We then present reference values for each major emissions source. In the case of flaring, the study presents new estimates drawing on data on Russian associated petroleum gas and the most recent satellite data on flaring. We also present estimates of organic carbon (OC) for each source, either based on the reference studies or from our own calculations. In addition, the study provides uncertainty estimates for each source. Total BC emissions are estimated at 689 Gg in 2014, with an uncertainty range between (407-1,416), while OC emissions are 9,228 Gg (with uncertainty between 5,595 and 14,728). Wildfires dominated and contributed about 83% of the total BC emissions, however the effect on radiative forcing is mitigated by OC emissions. We also present an adjusted estimate of Arctic forcingmore » from Russian OC and BC emissions. In recent years, Russia has pursued policies to reduce flaring and limit particulate emissions from on-road transport, both of which appear to significantly contribute to the lower emissions and forcing values found in this study.« less

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1374641
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-120649
Journal ID: ISSN 1352-2310; 453040180
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Atmospheric Environment (1994); Journal Volume: 163
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Black carbon; Russia; inventory

Citation Formats

Evans, Meredydd, Kholod, Nazar, Kuklinski, Teresa, Denysenko, Artur, Smith, Steven J., Staniszewski, Aaron, Hao, Wei Min, Liu, Liang, and Bond, Tami C.. Black carbon emissions in Russia: A critical review. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.05.026.
Evans, Meredydd, Kholod, Nazar, Kuklinski, Teresa, Denysenko, Artur, Smith, Steven J., Staniszewski, Aaron, Hao, Wei Min, Liu, Liang, & Bond, Tami C.. Black carbon emissions in Russia: A critical review. United States. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.05.026.
Evans, Meredydd, Kholod, Nazar, Kuklinski, Teresa, Denysenko, Artur, Smith, Steven J., Staniszewski, Aaron, Hao, Wei Min, Liu, Liang, and Bond, Tami C.. Tue . "Black carbon emissions in Russia: A critical review". United States. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.05.026.
@article{osti_1374641,
title = {Black carbon emissions in Russia: A critical review},
author = {Evans, Meredydd and Kholod, Nazar and Kuklinski, Teresa and Denysenko, Artur and Smith, Steven J. and Staniszewski, Aaron and Hao, Wei Min and Liu, Liang and Bond, Tami C.},
abstractNote = {Russia has a particularly important role regarding black carbon (BC) emissions given the extent of its territory above the Arctic Circle, where BC emissions have a particularly pronounced effect on the climate. This study presents a comprehensive review of BC estimates from a range of studies. We assess underlying methodologies and data sources for each major emissions source based on their level of detail, accuracy and extent to which they represent current conditions. We then present reference values for each major emissions source. In the case of flaring, the study presents new estimates drawing on data on Russian associated petroleum gas and the most recent satellite data on flaring. We also present estimates of organic carbon (OC) for each source, either based on the reference studies or from our own calculations. In addition, the study provides uncertainty estimates for each source. Total BC emissions are estimated at 689 Gg in 2014, with an uncertainty range between (407-1,416), while OC emissions are 9,228 Gg (with uncertainty between 5,595 and 14,728). Wildfires dominated and contributed about 83% of the total BC emissions, however the effect on radiative forcing is mitigated by OC emissions. We also present an adjusted estimate of Arctic forcing from Russian OC and BC emissions. In recent years, Russia has pursued policies to reduce flaring and limit particulate emissions from on-road transport, both of which appear to significantly contribute to the lower emissions and forcing values found in this study.},
doi = {10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.05.026},
journal = {Atmospheric Environment (1994)},
number = ,
volume = 163,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Aug 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Tue Aug 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}