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Title: Evaluation of a high-moisture stabilization strategy for harvested microalgae blended with herbaceous biomass: Part I—Storage performance

Abstract

Here, algal biomass is becoming increasingly attractive as a feedstock for biofuel production. However, the swing in algal biomass production between summer and winter months poses a challenge for delivering predictable, constant feedstock supply to a conversion facility. Drying is one approach for stabilizing algal biomass produced in excess during high productivity summer months for utilization during low productivity months, yet drying is energy intensive and thus costly. Wet, anaerobic storage, or ensiling, is a low-cost approach that is commonly used to preserve high moisture herbaceous feedstock. The potential for microalgae stabilization without the need for drying was investigated in this study by simulating ensiling, in which oxygen limitation drives anaerobic fermentation of soluble sugars to organic acids, dropping the pH and thereby stabilizing the material. Algal biomass, Scenedesmus obliquus, was blended with corn stover and stored in acidic, anaerobic conditions at 60% moisture (wet basis) to simulate wet storage by means of ensiling. Results demonstrate that algae and corn stover blends were successfully preserved in anaerobic, acidic conditions for 30 days with < 2% dry matter loss occurring during storage compared to 21% loss in aerobic, non-acidified conditions. Likewise, Scenedesmus obliquus stored alone at 80% moisture (wet basis) inmore » acidified, anaerobic conditions for 30 days, resulted in dry matter losses of 6–14%, compared to 44% loss in neutral pH, anaerobic storage and 37% loss in a neutral pH, aerobically stored condition. Additional experiments were performed at a larger scale in which an algae and corn stover blend was subject to mechanical oxygen exclusion and a Lactobacillus acidophilus inoculum, resulting in 8% loss over 35 days and further indicating that acidic, anaerobic conditions can stabilize microalgae biomass. In summary, the stabilization of harvested algae can be achieved through anaerobic storage, securing a feedstock that is labile yet of high value.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
  2. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1374376
Report Number(s):
INL/JOU-16-37833
Journal ID: ISSN 2211-9264; PII: S2211926416307664
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Algal Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 2211-9264
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; algae; blending; corn stover; ensiling; storage; techno-economic analysis

Citation Formats

Wendt, Lynn M., Wahlen, Bradley D., Li, Chenlin, Kachurin, Georgiy, Ogden, Kimberly L., and Murphy, J. Austin. Evaluation of a high-moisture stabilization strategy for harvested microalgae blended with herbaceous biomass: Part I—Storage performance. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.algal.2017.05.016.
Wendt, Lynn M., Wahlen, Bradley D., Li, Chenlin, Kachurin, Georgiy, Ogden, Kimberly L., & Murphy, J. Austin. Evaluation of a high-moisture stabilization strategy for harvested microalgae blended with herbaceous biomass: Part I—Storage performance. United States. doi:10.1016/j.algal.2017.05.016.
Wendt, Lynn M., Wahlen, Bradley D., Li, Chenlin, Kachurin, Georgiy, Ogden, Kimberly L., and Murphy, J. Austin. Thu . "Evaluation of a high-moisture stabilization strategy for harvested microalgae blended with herbaceous biomass: Part I—Storage performance". United States. doi:10.1016/j.algal.2017.05.016. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1374376.
@article{osti_1374376,
title = {Evaluation of a high-moisture stabilization strategy for harvested microalgae blended with herbaceous biomass: Part I—Storage performance},
author = {Wendt, Lynn M. and Wahlen, Bradley D. and Li, Chenlin and Kachurin, Georgiy and Ogden, Kimberly L. and Murphy, J. Austin},
abstractNote = {Here, algal biomass is becoming increasingly attractive as a feedstock for biofuel production. However, the swing in algal biomass production between summer and winter months poses a challenge for delivering predictable, constant feedstock supply to a conversion facility. Drying is one approach for stabilizing algal biomass produced in excess during high productivity summer months for utilization during low productivity months, yet drying is energy intensive and thus costly. Wet, anaerobic storage, or ensiling, is a low-cost approach that is commonly used to preserve high moisture herbaceous feedstock. The potential for microalgae stabilization without the need for drying was investigated in this study by simulating ensiling, in which oxygen limitation drives anaerobic fermentation of soluble sugars to organic acids, dropping the pH and thereby stabilizing the material. Algal biomass, Scenedesmus obliquus, was blended with corn stover and stored in acidic, anaerobic conditions at 60% moisture (wet basis) to simulate wet storage by means of ensiling. Results demonstrate that algae and corn stover blends were successfully preserved in anaerobic, acidic conditions for 30 days with < 2% dry matter loss occurring during storage compared to 21% loss in aerobic, non-acidified conditions. Likewise, Scenedesmus obliquus stored alone at 80% moisture (wet basis) in acidified, anaerobic conditions for 30 days, resulted in dry matter losses of 6–14%, compared to 44% loss in neutral pH, anaerobic storage and 37% loss in a neutral pH, aerobically stored condition. Additional experiments were performed at a larger scale in which an algae and corn stover blend was subject to mechanical oxygen exclusion and a Lactobacillus acidophilus inoculum, resulting in 8% loss over 35 days and further indicating that acidic, anaerobic conditions can stabilize microalgae biomass. In summary, the stabilization of harvested algae can be achieved through anaerobic storage, securing a feedstock that is labile yet of high value.},
doi = {10.1016/j.algal.2017.05.016},
journal = {Algal Research},
number = C,
volume = 25,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Thu Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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