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Title: Quantum friction in arbitrarily directed motion

Abstract

In quantum friction, the electromagnetic fluctuation-induced frictional force decelerating an atom which moves past a macroscopic dielectric body, has so far eluded experimental evidence despite more than three decades of theoretical studies. Inspired by the recent finding that dynamical corrections to such an atom's internal dynamics are enhanced by one order of magnitude for vertical motion—compared with the paradigmatic setup of parallel motion—here we generalize quantum friction calculations to arbitrary angles between the atom's direction of motion and the surface in front of which it moves. Motivated by the disagreement between quantum friction calculations based on Markovian quantum master equations and time-dependent perturbation theory, we carry out our derivations of the quantum frictional force for arbitrary angles by employing both methods and compare them.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1]
  1. Albert Ludwig Univ., Freiburg (Germany)
  2. Univ. City, Buenos Aires (Argentina)
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1374345
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-16-29049
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9926; PLRAAN
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 95; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9926
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; Atomic and Nuclear Physics

Citation Formats

Klatt, J., Farías, M. Belen, Dalvit, D. A. R., and Buhmann, S. Y.. Quantum friction in arbitrarily directed motion. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.95.052510.
Klatt, J., Farías, M. Belen, Dalvit, D. A. R., & Buhmann, S. Y.. Quantum friction in arbitrarily directed motion. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.95.052510.
Klatt, J., Farías, M. Belen, Dalvit, D. A. R., and Buhmann, S. Y.. Tue . "Quantum friction in arbitrarily directed motion". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.95.052510.
@article{osti_1374345,
title = {Quantum friction in arbitrarily directed motion},
author = {Klatt, J. and Farías, M. Belen and Dalvit, D. A. R. and Buhmann, S. Y.},
abstractNote = {In quantum friction, the electromagnetic fluctuation-induced frictional force decelerating an atom which moves past a macroscopic dielectric body, has so far eluded experimental evidence despite more than three decades of theoretical studies. Inspired by the recent finding that dynamical corrections to such an atom's internal dynamics are enhanced by one order of magnitude for vertical motion—compared with the paradigmatic setup of parallel motion—here we generalize quantum friction calculations to arbitrary angles between the atom's direction of motion and the surface in front of which it moves. Motivated by the disagreement between quantum friction calculations based on Markovian quantum master equations and time-dependent perturbation theory, we carry out our derivations of the quantum frictional force for arbitrary angles by employing both methods and compare them.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.95.052510},
journal = {Physical Review A},
number = 5,
volume = 95,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue May 30 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Tue May 30 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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