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Title: MST e-News July 2017

Abstract

This is the July 2017 edition of the Materials Science and Technology Division newsletter.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1374263
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-26725
DOE Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; LANL; MST e-News; Newsletter of the Materials Science and Technology Division; ADEPS Communications

Citation Formats

Kippen, Karen Elizabeth. MST e-News July 2017. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.2172/1374263.
Kippen, Karen Elizabeth. MST e-News July 2017. United States. doi:10.2172/1374263.
Kippen, Karen Elizabeth. 2017. "MST e-News July 2017". United States. doi:10.2172/1374263. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1374263.
@article{osti_1374263,
title = {MST e-News July 2017},
author = {Kippen, Karen Elizabeth},
abstractNote = {This is the July 2017 edition of the Materials Science and Technology Division newsletter.},
doi = {10.2172/1374263},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2017,
month = 8
}

Technical Report:

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  • This is the November 2017 edition of the LANL MST e-News newsletter.
  • Energy recovery hydropower is one of the most cost-effective types of new hydropower development because it is constructed utilizing existing infrastructure, and it is typically able to complete Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) review in 60 days. Recent changes in federal and state policy have supported energy recovery hydropower. In addition, some states have developed programs and policies to support energy recovery hydropower, including resource assessments, regulatory streamlining initiatives, and grant and loan programs to reduce project development costs. This report examines current federal and state policy drivers for energy recovery hydropower, reviews market trends, and looks ahead at futuremore » federal resource assessments and hydropower reform legislation.« less
  • A trend summary that includes the last two Solvent Hold Tank (SHT) monthly samples is shown; MCU- 17-150-152 (July SHT) and MCU-17-153-155 (August SHT). Since the last SHT sample sent for analysis was the August sample the chemical state of the solvent is best approximated by the chemical analysis of the August SHT sample (MCU-17-153-155). This report mainly focused on the chemical analysis of the August SHT sample. The analysis data from the July SHT sample are presented in the “trend” plots of this report. Analysis of the August SHT sample (MCU-17-153-155) indicated that the modifier (CS-7SB) was 2% belowmore » but the extractant (MaxCalix) concentration was at its nominal recommended level (169,000 mg/L and 46,400 mg/L respectively). The suppressor (TiDG) level has decreased since the last measurement taken while the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction unit (MCU) was operating in January 2017, but has remained steady in the range of 666 (observed in April) to 715 mg/L (observed in the August 2017 sample) since February 2017, well above the minimum recommended level (479 mg/L), but below the nominal level. The “flat” trends observed in the TiDG, MaxCalix, modifier, and Gamma measurement are consistent with the solvent being idle since January 10, 2017. A strong correlation between density and modifier concentration in the solvent continues to be observed in the SHT samples. This analysis confirms the Isopar™L addition to the solvent in January 2017. This analysis also indicates the solvent did not require further additions. Based on the current monthly sample, the levels of TiDG, Isopar™L, MaxCalix, and modifier are sufficient for continuing operation but are expected to decrease with time if the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU) returns to processing radioactive liquid waste. Otherwise, the levels of these components will remain steady. A future Isopar™L trimming addition to the solvent is recommended when MCU resumes processing waste. Two unknown impurities related to the modifier (but not sec-butyl phenol: a modifier degradation product observed before) at the 290 and 110 mg/L levels were observed in the August SHT sample by the Gas - Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) method. They were observed in a second GC-MS re-run with a new column. Their identification can’t be ascertained at this time. No impurities were observed in the Hydrogen Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (HNMR). Another impurity observed in the samples was mercury. Based on the August SHT sample, up to 23 ± 5 micrograms of mercury per mL of solvent was detected (the average of the Cold Vapor-Atomic Adsorption [CV-AA] and X-Ray Fluorescence [XRF] methods). The higher mercury concentration in the solvent (as determined in the last three-monthly samples) is possibly due to either a higher mercury concentration in Salt Batches 8 and 9 (Tank 49H) . The gamma level (~ 2.0E4 dpm/mL) measured in the August SHT samples was one order of magnitude lower than the gamma levels observed in the December 2016 and January 2017 SHT samples. A similar level was observed in the July SHT sample (MCU-SHT-150-152). The gamma level has remained consistently steady since January 10, 2017 when MCU stopped processing radioactive liquid waste. The laboratory will continue to monitor the quality of the solvent in particularly for any new impurities or degradation of the solvent components.« less