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Title: Exploring Lithium Deficiency in Layered Oxide Cathode for Li-Ion Battery

Abstract

Abstract or short description: The ever-growing demand for high capacity cathode materials is on the rise since the futuristic applications are knocking on the door. Conventional approach to developing such cathode relies on the lithium-excess materials to operate the cathode at high voltage and extract more lithium-ion. Yet, they fail to satiate the needs because of their unresolved issues upon cycling such as, for lithium manganese-rich layered oxides – their voltage fading, and for as nickel-based layered oxides – the structural transition. Here, in contrast, lithium-deficient ratio is demonstrated as a new approach to attain high capacity at high voltage for layered oxide cathodes. Rapid and cost effective lithiation of a porous hydroxide precursor with lithium deficient ratio acted as a driving force to partially convert the layered material to spinel phase yielding in a multiphase structure (MPS) cathode material. Upon cycling, MPS revealed structural stability at high voltage and high temperature and resulted in fast lithium-ion diffusion by providing a distinctive SEI chemistry – MPS displayed minimum lithium loss in SEI and formed a thinner SEI. MPS thus offer high energy and high power applications and provides a new perspective compared to the conventional layered cathode materials denying themore » focus for lithium excess material.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [1];  [2];  [7]
  1. Joint School of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering, North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, Greensboro NC 27401 USA
  2. Department of Materials Science Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826 Republic of Korea
  3. Imaging and Chemical Analysis Laboratory, Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman MT 59718 USA
  4. Chemistry Division, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton NY 11973 USA
  5. Department of Energy Materials Engineering, Dongguk University, Seoul 04620 Republic of Korea
  6. Environmental and Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA 99352 USA
  7. Energy and Environmental Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA 99352 USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1373837
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-126077
Journal ID: ISSN 2366-7486; TE1400000
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Advanced Sustainable Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2366-7486
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; Lithium-deficiency; lithium-ion batteries; Heterostructure; multi-phase cathode; high energy-density

Citation Formats

Cho, Sung-Jin, Uddin, Md-Jamal, Alaboina, Pankaj K., Han, Sang Sub, Nandasiri, Manjula I., Choi, Yong Seok, Hu, Enyuan, Nam, Kyung-Wan, Schwarz, Ashleigh M., Nune, Satish K., Cho, Jong Soo, Oh, Kyu Hwan, and Choi, Daiwon. Exploring Lithium Deficiency in Layered Oxide Cathode for Li-Ion Battery. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/adsu.201700026.
Cho, Sung-Jin, Uddin, Md-Jamal, Alaboina, Pankaj K., Han, Sang Sub, Nandasiri, Manjula I., Choi, Yong Seok, Hu, Enyuan, Nam, Kyung-Wan, Schwarz, Ashleigh M., Nune, Satish K., Cho, Jong Soo, Oh, Kyu Hwan, & Choi, Daiwon. Exploring Lithium Deficiency in Layered Oxide Cathode for Li-Ion Battery. United States. doi:10.1002/adsu.201700026.
Cho, Sung-Jin, Uddin, Md-Jamal, Alaboina, Pankaj K., Han, Sang Sub, Nandasiri, Manjula I., Choi, Yong Seok, Hu, Enyuan, Nam, Kyung-Wan, Schwarz, Ashleigh M., Nune, Satish K., Cho, Jong Soo, Oh, Kyu Hwan, and Choi, Daiwon. Fri . "Exploring Lithium Deficiency in Layered Oxide Cathode for Li-Ion Battery". United States. doi:10.1002/adsu.201700026.
@article{osti_1373837,
title = {Exploring Lithium Deficiency in Layered Oxide Cathode for Li-Ion Battery},
author = {Cho, Sung-Jin and Uddin, Md-Jamal and Alaboina, Pankaj K. and Han, Sang Sub and Nandasiri, Manjula I. and Choi, Yong Seok and Hu, Enyuan and Nam, Kyung-Wan and Schwarz, Ashleigh M. and Nune, Satish K. and Cho, Jong Soo and Oh, Kyu Hwan and Choi, Daiwon},
abstractNote = {Abstract or short description: The ever-growing demand for high capacity cathode materials is on the rise since the futuristic applications are knocking on the door. Conventional approach to developing such cathode relies on the lithium-excess materials to operate the cathode at high voltage and extract more lithium-ion. Yet, they fail to satiate the needs because of their unresolved issues upon cycling such as, for lithium manganese-rich layered oxides – their voltage fading, and for as nickel-based layered oxides – the structural transition. Here, in contrast, lithium-deficient ratio is demonstrated as a new approach to attain high capacity at high voltage for layered oxide cathodes. Rapid and cost effective lithiation of a porous hydroxide precursor with lithium deficient ratio acted as a driving force to partially convert the layered material to spinel phase yielding in a multiphase structure (MPS) cathode material. Upon cycling, MPS revealed structural stability at high voltage and high temperature and resulted in fast lithium-ion diffusion by providing a distinctive SEI chemistry – MPS displayed minimum lithium loss in SEI and formed a thinner SEI. MPS thus offer high energy and high power applications and provides a new perspective compared to the conventional layered cathode materials denying the focus for lithium excess material.},
doi = {10.1002/adsu.201700026},
journal = {Advanced Sustainable Systems},
issn = {2366-7486},
number = 7,
volume = 1,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}

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