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Title: First Searches for Axions and Axionlike Particles with the LUX Experiment

Abstract

The first searches for axions and axionlike particles with the Large Underground Xenon experiment are presented. Under the assumption of an axioelectric interaction in xenon, the coupling constant between axions and electrons g Ae is tested using data collected in 2013 with an exposure totaling 95 live days ×118 kg. A double-sided, profile likelihood ratio statistic test excludes g Ae larger than 3.5 × 10 –12 (90% C.L.) for solar axions. Assuming the Dine-Fischler-Srednicki-Zhitnitsky theoretical description, the upper limit in coupling corresponds to an upper limit on axion mass of 0.12 eV/c 2, while for the Kim-Shifman-Vainshtein-Zhakharov description masses above 36.6 eV/c 2 are excluded. For galactic axionlike particles, values of g Ae larger than 4.2 × 10 –13 are excluded for particle masses in the range 1–16 keV/c 2. As a result, these are the most stringent constraints to date for these interactions.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20); USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
LUX Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1373197
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1372588; OSTI ID: 1407960; OSTI ID: 1436999
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515; AC02-05CH11231; AC05-06OR23100; AC52-07NA27344; FG01-91ER40618; FG02-08ER41549; FG02-11ER41738; FG02-91ER40674; FG02-91ER40688; FG02-95ER40917; NA0000979; SC0006605; SC0010010; SC0015535; PHY-0750671; PHY-0801536; PHY-1003660; PHY-1004661; PHY-1102470; PHY-1312561; PHY-1347449; PHY-1505868; PHY-1636738; RA0350; PTDC/FIS-NUC/1525/2014; IE120804; SC005336; ST/K502042/1; ST/ K502406/1; ST/M503538/1; NA0003180
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 26; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Akerib, D. S., Alsum, S., Aquino, C., Araújo, H. M., Bai, X., Bailey, A. J., Balajthy, J., Beltrame, P., Bernard, E. P., Bernstein, A., Biesiadzinski, T. P., Boulton, E. M., Brás, P., Byram, D., Cahn, S. B., Carmona-Benitez, M. C., Chan, C., Chiller, A. A., Chiller, C., Currie, A., Cutter, J. E., Davison, T. J. R., Dobi, A., Dobson, J. E. Y., Druszkiewicz, E., Edwards, B. N., Faham, C. H., Fallon, S. R., Fiorucci, S., Gaitskell, R. J., Gehman, V. M., Ghag, C., Gibson, K. R., Gilchriese, M. G. D., Hall, C. R., Hanhardt, M., Haselschwardt, S. J., Hertel, S. A., Hogan, D. P., Horn, M., Huang, D. Q., Ignarra, C. M., Jacobsen, R. G., Ji, W., Kamdin, K., Kazkaz, K., Khaitan, D., Knoche, R., Larsen, N. A., Lee, C., Lenardo, B. G., Lesko, K. T., Lindote, A., Lopes, M. I., Manalaysay, A., Mannino, R. L., Marzioni, M. F., McKinsey, D. N., Mei, D. -M., Mock, J., Moongweluwan, M., Morad, J. A., Murphy, A. St. J., Nehrkorn, C., Nelson, H. N., Neves, F., O’Sullivan, K., Oliver-Mallory, K. C., Palladino, K. J., Pease, E. K., Reichhart, L., Rhyne, C., Shaw, S., Shutt, T. A., Silva, C., Solmaz, M., Solovov, V. N., Sorensen, P., Stephenson, S., Sumner, T. J., Szydagis, M., Taylor, D. J., Taylor, W. C., Tennyson, B. P., Terman, P. A., Tiedt, D. R., To, W. H., Tripathi, M., Tvrznikova, L., Uvarov, S., Velan, V., Verbus, J. R., Webb, R. C., White, J. T., Whitis, T. J., Witherell, M. S., Wolfs, F. L. H., Xu, J., Yazdani, K., Young, S. K., and Zhang, C.. First Searches for Axions and Axionlike Particles with the LUX Experiment. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.261301.
Akerib, D. S., Alsum, S., Aquino, C., Araújo, H. M., Bai, X., Bailey, A. J., Balajthy, J., Beltrame, P., Bernard, E. P., Bernstein, A., Biesiadzinski, T. P., Boulton, E. M., Brás, P., Byram, D., Cahn, S. B., Carmona-Benitez, M. C., Chan, C., Chiller, A. A., Chiller, C., Currie, A., Cutter, J. E., Davison, T. J. R., Dobi, A., Dobson, J. E. Y., Druszkiewicz, E., Edwards, B. N., Faham, C. H., Fallon, S. R., Fiorucci, S., Gaitskell, R. J., Gehman, V. M., Ghag, C., Gibson, K. R., Gilchriese, M. G. D., Hall, C. R., Hanhardt, M., Haselschwardt, S. J., Hertel, S. A., Hogan, D. P., Horn, M., Huang, D. Q., Ignarra, C. M., Jacobsen, R. G., Ji, W., Kamdin, K., Kazkaz, K., Khaitan, D., Knoche, R., Larsen, N. A., Lee, C., Lenardo, B. G., Lesko, K. T., Lindote, A., Lopes, M. I., Manalaysay, A., Mannino, R. L., Marzioni, M. F., McKinsey, D. N., Mei, D. -M., Mock, J., Moongweluwan, M., Morad, J. A., Murphy, A. St. J., Nehrkorn, C., Nelson, H. N., Neves, F., O’Sullivan, K., Oliver-Mallory, K. C., Palladino, K. J., Pease, E. K., Reichhart, L., Rhyne, C., Shaw, S., Shutt, T. A., Silva, C., Solmaz, M., Solovov, V. N., Sorensen, P., Stephenson, S., Sumner, T. J., Szydagis, M., Taylor, D. J., Taylor, W. C., Tennyson, B. P., Terman, P. A., Tiedt, D. R., To, W. H., Tripathi, M., Tvrznikova, L., Uvarov, S., Velan, V., Verbus, J. R., Webb, R. C., White, J. T., Whitis, T. J., Witherell, M. S., Wolfs, F. L. H., Xu, J., Yazdani, K., Young, S. K., & Zhang, C.. First Searches for Axions and Axionlike Particles with the LUX Experiment. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.261301.
Akerib, D. S., Alsum, S., Aquino, C., Araújo, H. M., Bai, X., Bailey, A. J., Balajthy, J., Beltrame, P., Bernard, E. P., Bernstein, A., Biesiadzinski, T. P., Boulton, E. M., Brás, P., Byram, D., Cahn, S. B., Carmona-Benitez, M. C., Chan, C., Chiller, A. A., Chiller, C., Currie, A., Cutter, J. E., Davison, T. J. R., Dobi, A., Dobson, J. E. Y., Druszkiewicz, E., Edwards, B. N., Faham, C. H., Fallon, S. R., Fiorucci, S., Gaitskell, R. J., Gehman, V. M., Ghag, C., Gibson, K. R., Gilchriese, M. G. D., Hall, C. R., Hanhardt, M., Haselschwardt, S. J., Hertel, S. A., Hogan, D. P., Horn, M., Huang, D. Q., Ignarra, C. M., Jacobsen, R. G., Ji, W., Kamdin, K., Kazkaz, K., Khaitan, D., Knoche, R., Larsen, N. A., Lee, C., Lenardo, B. G., Lesko, K. T., Lindote, A., Lopes, M. I., Manalaysay, A., Mannino, R. L., Marzioni, M. F., McKinsey, D. N., Mei, D. -M., Mock, J., Moongweluwan, M., Morad, J. A., Murphy, A. St. J., Nehrkorn, C., Nelson, H. N., Neves, F., O’Sullivan, K., Oliver-Mallory, K. C., Palladino, K. J., Pease, E. K., Reichhart, L., Rhyne, C., Shaw, S., Shutt, T. A., Silva, C., Solmaz, M., Solovov, V. N., Sorensen, P., Stephenson, S., Sumner, T. J., Szydagis, M., Taylor, D. J., Taylor, W. C., Tennyson, B. P., Terman, P. A., Tiedt, D. R., To, W. H., Tripathi, M., Tvrznikova, L., Uvarov, S., Velan, V., Verbus, J. R., Webb, R. C., White, J. T., Whitis, T. J., Witherell, M. S., Wolfs, F. L. H., Xu, J., Yazdani, K., Young, S. K., and Zhang, C.. Thu . "First Searches for Axions and Axionlike Particles with the LUX Experiment". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.261301.
@article{osti_1373197,
title = {First Searches for Axions and Axionlike Particles with the LUX Experiment},
author = {Akerib, D. S. and Alsum, S. and Aquino, C. and Araújo, H. M. and Bai, X. and Bailey, A. J. and Balajthy, J. and Beltrame, P. and Bernard, E. P. and Bernstein, A. and Biesiadzinski, T. P. and Boulton, E. M. and Brás, P. and Byram, D. and Cahn, S. B. and Carmona-Benitez, M. C. and Chan, C. and Chiller, A. A. and Chiller, C. and Currie, A. and Cutter, J. E. and Davison, T. J. R. and Dobi, A. and Dobson, J. E. Y. and Druszkiewicz, E. and Edwards, B. N. and Faham, C. H. and Fallon, S. R. and Fiorucci, S. and Gaitskell, R. J. and Gehman, V. M. and Ghag, C. and Gibson, K. R. and Gilchriese, M. G. D. and Hall, C. R. and Hanhardt, M. and Haselschwardt, S. J. and Hertel, S. A. and Hogan, D. P. and Horn, M. and Huang, D. Q. and Ignarra, C. M. and Jacobsen, R. G. and Ji, W. and Kamdin, K. and Kazkaz, K. and Khaitan, D. and Knoche, R. and Larsen, N. A. and Lee, C. and Lenardo, B. G. and Lesko, K. T. and Lindote, A. and Lopes, M. I. and Manalaysay, A. and Mannino, R. L. and Marzioni, M. F. and McKinsey, D. N. and Mei, D. -M. and Mock, J. and Moongweluwan, M. and Morad, J. A. and Murphy, A. St. J. and Nehrkorn, C. and Nelson, H. N. and Neves, F. and O’Sullivan, K. and Oliver-Mallory, K. C. and Palladino, K. J. and Pease, E. K. and Reichhart, L. and Rhyne, C. and Shaw, S. and Shutt, T. A. and Silva, C. and Solmaz, M. and Solovov, V. N. and Sorensen, P. and Stephenson, S. and Sumner, T. J. and Szydagis, M. and Taylor, D. J. and Taylor, W. C. and Tennyson, B. P. and Terman, P. A. and Tiedt, D. R. and To, W. H. and Tripathi, M. and Tvrznikova, L. and Uvarov, S. and Velan, V. and Verbus, J. R. and Webb, R. C. and White, J. T. and Whitis, T. J. and Witherell, M. S. and Wolfs, F. L. H. and Xu, J. and Yazdani, K. and Young, S. K. and Zhang, C.},
abstractNote = {The first searches for axions and axionlike particles with the Large Underground Xenon experiment are presented. Under the assumption of an axioelectric interaction in xenon, the coupling constant between axions and electrons gAe is tested using data collected in 2013 with an exposure totaling 95 live days ×118 kg. A double-sided, profile likelihood ratio statistic test excludes gAe larger than 3.5 × 10–12 (90% C.L.) for solar axions. Assuming the Dine-Fischler-Srednicki-Zhitnitsky theoretical description, the upper limit in coupling corresponds to an upper limit on axion mass of 0.12 eV/c2, while for the Kim-Shifman-Vainshtein-Zhakharov description masses above 36.6 eV/c2 are excluded. For galactic axionlike particles, values of gAe larger than 4.2 × 10–13 are excluded for particle masses in the range 1–16 keV/c2. As a result, these are the most stringent constraints to date for these interactions.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.261301},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 26,
volume = 118,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jun 29 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Thu Jun 29 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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  • The first searches for axions and axionlike particles with the Large Underground Xenon experiment are presented. Under the assumption of an axioelectric interaction in xenon, the coupling constant between axions and electrons gAe is tested using data collected in 2013 with an exposure totaling 95 live days ×118 kg. A double-sided, profile likelihood ratio statistic test excludes gAe larger than 3.5 × 10-12 (90% C.L.) for solar axions. Assuming the Dine-Fischler-Srednicki-Zhitnitsky theoretical description, the upper limit in coupling corresponds to an upper limit on axion mass of 0.12 eV=c2, while for the Kim- Shifman-Vainshtein-Zhakharov description masses above 36.6 eV=c2 aremore » excluded. For galactic axionlike particles, values of gAe larger than 4.2 × 10-13 are excluded for particle masses in the range 1–16 keV=c2. These are the most stringent constraints to date for these interactions.« less
  • © 2017 American Physical Society. The first searches for axions and axionlike particles with the Large Underground Xenon experiment are presented. Under the assumption of an axioelectric interaction in xenon, the coupling constant between axions and electrons gAe is tested using data collected in 2013 with an exposure totaling 95 live days ×118 kg. A double-sided, profile likelihood ratio statistic test excludes gAe larger than 3.5×10-12 (90% C.L.) for solar axions. Assuming the Dine-Fischler-Srednicki-Zhitnitsky theoretical description, the upper limit in coupling corresponds to an upper limit on axion mass of 0.12 eV/c2, while for the Kim-Shifman-Vainshtein-Zhakharov description masses above 36.6more » eV/c2 are excluded. For galactic axionlike particles, values of gAe larger than 4.2×10-13 are excluded for particle masses in the range 1-16 keV/c2. These are the most stringent constraints to date for these interactions.« less
  • Cited by 2
  • We present constraints on the nature of axions and axion–like particles (ALPs) by analyzing gamma–ray data from neutron stars using the Fermi Large Area Telescope. In addition to axions solving the strong CP problem of particle physics, axions and ALPs are also possible dark matter candidates. We investigate axions and ALPs produced by nucleon–nucleon bremsstrahlung within neutron stars. We derive a phenomenological model for the gamma–ray spectrum arising from subsequent axion decays. By analyzing 5 years of gamma-ray data (between 60 MeV and 200 MeV) for a sample of 4 nearby neutron stars, we do not find evidence for anmore » axion or ALP signal, thus we obtain a combined 95% confidence level upper limit on the axion mass of 7.9×10 -2 eV, which corresponds to a lower limit for the Peccei-Quinn scale fa of 7.6×10 7 GeV. Our constraints are more stringent than previous results probing the same physical process, and are competitive with results probing axions and ALPs by different mechanisms.« less