Oscillatory interaction between O impurities and Al adatoms on Al(111) and its effect on nucleation and growth.
We present a combined experimental and theoretical study of submonolayer growth in the presence of predeposited immobile impurities. Scanning tunneling microscopy measurements of Al/Al(1 1 1) epitaxy in the presence of oxygen adsorbates show that immobile O impurities influence all aspects of the early stages of homoepitaxial growth on Al(1 1 1). Possible scenarios for modified growth are investigated using kinetic Monte Carlo simulations. Dependences of island density on temperature, impurity concentration and strength and type of adatom-impurity interaction are compared. The comparison shows that the morphology of the growing Al film cannot result from only one interaction type: attractivemore »