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Title: Best Practices and Testing Protocols for Benchmarking ORR Activities of Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts Using Rotating Disk Electrode

Abstract

Thin-film-rotating disk electrodes (TF-RDEs) are the half-cell electrochemical system of choice for rapid screening of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity of novel Pt supported on carbon black supports (Pt/C) electrocatalysts. It has been shown that the magnitude of the measured ORR activity and reproducibility are highly dependent on the system cleanliness, evaluation protocols, and operating conditions as well as ink formulation, composition, film drying, and the resultant film thickness and uniformity. Accurate benchmarks of baseline Pt/C catalysts evaluated using standardized protocols and best practices are necessary to expedite ultra-low-platinum group metal (PGM) catalyst development that is crucial for the imminent commercialization of fuel cell vehicles. We report results of evaluation in three independent laboratories of Pt/C electrocatalysts provided by commercial fuel cell catalyst manufacturers (Johnson Matthey, Umicore, Tanaka Kikinzoku Kogyo - TKK). The studies were conducted using identical evaluation protocols/ink formulation/film fabrication albeit employing unique electrochemical cell designs specific to each laboratory. Furthermore, the ORR activities reported in this work provide a baseline and criteria for selection and scale-up of novel high activity ORR electrocatalysts for implementation in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs).

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  3. U.S. Dept. of Energy, Washington, D.C. (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1371530
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-68538
Journal ID: ISSN 1868-2529
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Electrocatalysis
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1868-2529
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; RDE; ORR activity; benchmark; PEMFC; best practices; standard method

Citation Formats

Kocha, Shyam S., Shinozaki, Kazuma, Zack, Jason W., Myers, Deborah J., Kariuki, Nancy N., Nowicki, Tammi, Stamenkovic, Vojislav, Kang, Yijin, Li, Dongguo, and Papageorgopoulos, Dimitrios. Best Practices and Testing Protocols for Benchmarking ORR Activities of Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts Using Rotating Disk Electrode. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1007/s12678-017-0378-6.
Kocha, Shyam S., Shinozaki, Kazuma, Zack, Jason W., Myers, Deborah J., Kariuki, Nancy N., Nowicki, Tammi, Stamenkovic, Vojislav, Kang, Yijin, Li, Dongguo, & Papageorgopoulos, Dimitrios. Best Practices and Testing Protocols for Benchmarking ORR Activities of Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts Using Rotating Disk Electrode. United States. doi:10.1007/s12678-017-0378-6.
Kocha, Shyam S., Shinozaki, Kazuma, Zack, Jason W., Myers, Deborah J., Kariuki, Nancy N., Nowicki, Tammi, Stamenkovic, Vojislav, Kang, Yijin, Li, Dongguo, and Papageorgopoulos, Dimitrios. Tue . "Best Practices and Testing Protocols for Benchmarking ORR Activities of Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts Using Rotating Disk Electrode". United States. doi:10.1007/s12678-017-0378-6. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1371530.
@article{osti_1371530,
title = {Best Practices and Testing Protocols for Benchmarking ORR Activities of Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts Using Rotating Disk Electrode},
author = {Kocha, Shyam S. and Shinozaki, Kazuma and Zack, Jason W. and Myers, Deborah J. and Kariuki, Nancy N. and Nowicki, Tammi and Stamenkovic, Vojislav and Kang, Yijin and Li, Dongguo and Papageorgopoulos, Dimitrios},
abstractNote = {Thin-film-rotating disk electrodes (TF-RDEs) are the half-cell electrochemical system of choice for rapid screening of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity of novel Pt supported on carbon black supports (Pt/C) electrocatalysts. It has been shown that the magnitude of the measured ORR activity and reproducibility are highly dependent on the system cleanliness, evaluation protocols, and operating conditions as well as ink formulation, composition, film drying, and the resultant film thickness and uniformity. Accurate benchmarks of baseline Pt/C catalysts evaluated using standardized protocols and best practices are necessary to expedite ultra-low-platinum group metal (PGM) catalyst development that is crucial for the imminent commercialization of fuel cell vehicles. We report results of evaluation in three independent laboratories of Pt/C electrocatalysts provided by commercial fuel cell catalyst manufacturers (Johnson Matthey, Umicore, Tanaka Kikinzoku Kogyo - TKK). The studies were conducted using identical evaluation protocols/ink formulation/film fabrication albeit employing unique electrochemical cell designs specific to each laboratory. Furthermore, the ORR activities reported in this work provide a baseline and criteria for selection and scale-up of novel high activity ORR electrocatalysts for implementation in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs).},
doi = {10.1007/s12678-017-0378-6},
journal = {Electrocatalysis},
number = 4,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue May 02 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Tue May 02 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

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