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Title: In Situ Heater Design for Nanoscale Synchrotron-Based Full-Field Transmission X-Ray Microscopy

Abstract

Abstract The oxidation of nickel powder under a controlled gas and temperature environment was studied using synchrotron-based full-field transmission X-ray microscopy. The use of this technique allowed for the reaction to be imagedin situat 55 nm resolution. The setup was designed to fit in the limited working distance of the microscope and to provide the gas and temperature environments analogous to solid oxide fuel cell operating conditions. Chemical conversion from nickel to nickel oxide was confirmed using X-ray absorption near-edge structure. Using an unreacted core model, the reaction rate as a function of temperature and activation energy were calculated. This method can be applied to study many other chemical reactions requiring similar environmental conditions.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Heterogeneous Functional Materials Center (HeteroFoaM)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1370152
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0001061
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Microscopy and Microanalysis
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 02; Related Information: HeteroFoaM partners with University of South Carolina (lead); University of California, Santa Barbara; University of Connecticut; Georgia Institute of Technology; Princeton University; Rochester Institute of Technology; Savannah River National Laboratory; University of South Carolina; University of Utah; Journal ID: ISSN 1431-9276
Publisher:
Microscopy Society of America (MSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Kiss, Andrew M., Harris, William M., Nakajo, Arata, Wang, Steve, Vila-Comamala, Joan, Deriy, Alex, and Chiu, Wilson K. S. In Situ Heater Design for Nanoscale Synchrotron-Based Full-Field Transmission X-Ray Microscopy. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1017/s1431927615000021.
Kiss, Andrew M., Harris, William M., Nakajo, Arata, Wang, Steve, Vila-Comamala, Joan, Deriy, Alex, & Chiu, Wilson K. S. In Situ Heater Design for Nanoscale Synchrotron-Based Full-Field Transmission X-Ray Microscopy. United States. doi:10.1017/s1431927615000021.
Kiss, Andrew M., Harris, William M., Nakajo, Arata, Wang, Steve, Vila-Comamala, Joan, Deriy, Alex, and Chiu, Wilson K. S. Thu . "In Situ Heater Design for Nanoscale Synchrotron-Based Full-Field Transmission X-Ray Microscopy". United States. doi:10.1017/s1431927615000021.
@article{osti_1370152,
title = {In Situ Heater Design for Nanoscale Synchrotron-Based Full-Field Transmission X-Ray Microscopy},
author = {Kiss, Andrew M. and Harris, William M. and Nakajo, Arata and Wang, Steve and Vila-Comamala, Joan and Deriy, Alex and Chiu, Wilson K. S.},
abstractNote = {Abstract The oxidation of nickel powder under a controlled gas and temperature environment was studied using synchrotron-based full-field transmission X-ray microscopy. The use of this technique allowed for the reaction to be imagedin situat 55 nm resolution. The setup was designed to fit in the limited working distance of the microscope and to provide the gas and temperature environments analogous to solid oxide fuel cell operating conditions. Chemical conversion from nickel to nickel oxide was confirmed using X-ray absorption near-edge structure. Using an unreacted core model, the reaction rate as a function of temperature and activation energy were calculated. This method can be applied to study many other chemical reactions requiring similar environmental conditions.},
doi = {10.1017/s1431927615000021},
journal = {Microscopy and Microanalysis},
issn = {1431-9276},
number = 02,
volume = 21,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {3}
}

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