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Title: Low-current field-assisted assembly of copper nanoparticles for current collectors

Abstract

Current collectors are essential features of batteries and many other electronic devices being responsible for efficient charge transport to active electrode materials. Three-dimensional (3D), high surface area current collectors considerably improve the performance of cathodes and anodes in batteries, but their technological implementation is impeded by the complexity of their preparation, which needs to be simple, fast, and energy efficient. Here we demonstrate that field-stimulated assembly of ~3 nm copper nanoparticles (NPs) enables the preparation of porous Cu NP films. The use of NP dispersions enables 30× reduction of the deposition current for making functional 3D coatings. In addition to high surface area, lattice-to-lattice connectivity in the self-assembly of NPs in 3D structures enables fast charge transport. The mesoscale dimensions of out-of-plane features and the spacing between them in Cu films made by field-stimulated self-assembly of NPs provides promising morphology for current collection in lithium ion batteries (LIBs). Half-cell electrochemical models based on self-assembled films show improved specific capacity, total capacity, and cycling performance compared to traditional flat and other 3D current collectors. While integration of active electrode material into the 3D topography of the current collector needs to be improved, this study indicates that self-assembled NP films represent amore » viable manufacturing approach for 3D electrodes.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [6]
  1. School of Materials Science and Engineering; Northwestern Polytechnical University; Xi'an 710072, P. R. China; Department of Chemical Engineering; University of Michigan
  2. Department of Chemical Engineering; University of Michigan; Ann Arbor, USA; Department of Chemical Engineering; Kangwon National University
  3. Macromolecular Science and Engineering; University of Michigan; Ann Arbor, USA
  4. Department of Chemical Engineering; University of Michigan; Ann Arbor, USA
  5. School of Materials Science and Engineering; Northwestern Polytechnical University; Xi'an 710072, P. R. China
  6. Department of Chemical Engineering; University of Michigan; Ann Arbor, USA; Biointerfaces Institute; University of Michigan
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion (CSTEC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1370094
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0000957
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Faraday Discussions
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 181; Related Information: CSTEC partners with University of Michigan (lead); Kent State University; Journal ID: ISSN 1359-6640
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Liu, Lehao, Choi, Bong Gill, Tung, Siu On, Hu, Tao, Liu, Yajie, Li, Tiehu, Zhao, Tingkai, and Kotov, Nicholas A. Low-current field-assisted assembly of copper nanoparticles for current collectors. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1039/c4fd00263f.
Liu, Lehao, Choi, Bong Gill, Tung, Siu On, Hu, Tao, Liu, Yajie, Li, Tiehu, Zhao, Tingkai, & Kotov, Nicholas A. Low-current field-assisted assembly of copper nanoparticles for current collectors. United States. doi:10.1039/c4fd00263f.
Liu, Lehao, Choi, Bong Gill, Tung, Siu On, Hu, Tao, Liu, Yajie, Li, Tiehu, Zhao, Tingkai, and Kotov, Nicholas A. Thu . "Low-current field-assisted assembly of copper nanoparticles for current collectors". United States. doi:10.1039/c4fd00263f.
@article{osti_1370094,
title = {Low-current field-assisted assembly of copper nanoparticles for current collectors},
author = {Liu, Lehao and Choi, Bong Gill and Tung, Siu On and Hu, Tao and Liu, Yajie and Li, Tiehu and Zhao, Tingkai and Kotov, Nicholas A.},
abstractNote = {Current collectors are essential features of batteries and many other electronic devices being responsible for efficient charge transport to active electrode materials. Three-dimensional (3D), high surface area current collectors considerably improve the performance of cathodes and anodes in batteries, but their technological implementation is impeded by the complexity of their preparation, which needs to be simple, fast, and energy efficient. Here we demonstrate that field-stimulated assembly of ~3 nm copper nanoparticles (NPs) enables the preparation of porous Cu NP films. The use of NP dispersions enables 30× reduction of the deposition current for making functional 3D coatings. In addition to high surface area, lattice-to-lattice connectivity in the self-assembly of NPs in 3D structures enables fast charge transport. The mesoscale dimensions of out-of-plane features and the spacing between them in Cu films made by field-stimulated self-assembly of NPs provides promising morphology for current collection in lithium ion batteries (LIBs). Half-cell electrochemical models based on self-assembled films show improved specific capacity, total capacity, and cycling performance compared to traditional flat and other 3D current collectors. While integration of active electrode material into the 3D topography of the current collector needs to be improved, this study indicates that self-assembled NP films represent a viable manufacturing approach for 3D electrodes.},
doi = {10.1039/c4fd00263f},
journal = {Faraday Discussions},
issn = {1359-6640},
number = ,
volume = 181,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {1}
}

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