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Title: 3D-flow with fewer than 100K gates versus other processors for DAQ and level-1 trigger

Abstract

The advent of powerful microprocessors that surpass the number-crunching requirements has not relieved the need of HEP experimenters to design and build ASICs for front-end and triggering applications, because a simpler and specialized circuit is still required. One such circuit is the 3D-Flow processor. Better described as an architecture rather than merely an ASIC, the 3D-Flow allows the user to build a programmable Level-1 trigger, and it is also suitable to be used in data acquisition (DAQ), data movement, pattern recognition, data coding and reduction. Test vectors, including several Level-1 trigger and DAQ algorithms, have been generated for the 3D-Flow ASIC. Pattern recognition algorithms for a calorimeter take less than 500 ns to execute. The system also implements sophisticated tracking and track matching algorithms, and can execute thousands of steps in Single Instruction Multiple Data (SIMD) mode. The high degree of connectivity between processors, and their multiple operation execution capabilities, is an especially significant advantage with respect to other systems. As has been substantiated (see discussion below) at present the 3D-Flow system is the only detailed study demonstrating the feasibility of executing several Level-1 trigger and data reduction algorithms of different experiments.

Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
136916
Report Number(s):
CONF-941061-
Journal ID: IETNAE; ISSN 0018-9499; TRN: 96:001018
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 4Pt1; Conference: Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) nuclear science symposium and medical imaging conference, Norfolk, VA (United States), 30 Oct - 5 Nov 1994; Other Information: PBD: Aug 1995
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
44 INSTRUMENTATION, INCLUDING NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE DETECTORS; DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEMS; MICROPROCESSORS; SHOWER COUNTERS; COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE; INTEGRATED CIRCUITS; TRIGGER CIRCUITS; DESIGN; PARALLEL PROCESSING

Citation Formats

Crosetto, D. 3D-flow with fewer than 100K gates versus other processors for DAQ and level-1 trigger. United States: N. p., 1995. Web. doi:10.1109/23.467780.
Crosetto, D. 3D-flow with fewer than 100K gates versus other processors for DAQ and level-1 trigger. United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/23.467780
Crosetto, D. Tue . "3D-flow with fewer than 100K gates versus other processors for DAQ and level-1 trigger". United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/23.467780.
@article{osti_136916,
title = {3D-flow with fewer than 100K gates versus other processors for DAQ and level-1 trigger},
author = {Crosetto, D},
abstractNote = {The advent of powerful microprocessors that surpass the number-crunching requirements has not relieved the need of HEP experimenters to design and build ASICs for front-end and triggering applications, because a simpler and specialized circuit is still required. One such circuit is the 3D-Flow processor. Better described as an architecture rather than merely an ASIC, the 3D-Flow allows the user to build a programmable Level-1 trigger, and it is also suitable to be used in data acquisition (DAQ), data movement, pattern recognition, data coding and reduction. Test vectors, including several Level-1 trigger and DAQ algorithms, have been generated for the 3D-Flow ASIC. Pattern recognition algorithms for a calorimeter take less than 500 ns to execute. The system also implements sophisticated tracking and track matching algorithms, and can execute thousands of steps in Single Instruction Multiple Data (SIMD) mode. The high degree of connectivity between processors, and their multiple operation execution capabilities, is an especially significant advantage with respect to other systems. As has been substantiated (see discussion below) at present the 3D-Flow system is the only detailed study demonstrating the feasibility of executing several Level-1 trigger and data reduction algorithms of different experiments.},
doi = {10.1109/23.467780},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/136916}, journal = {IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science},
number = 4Pt1,
volume = 42,
place = {United States},
year = {1995},
month = {8}
}