(Nonadiabatic) string creation on nice slices in Schwarzschild black holes
Abstract
Nice slices have played a pivotal role in the discussion of the black hole information paradox as they avoid regions of strong spacetime curvature and yet smoothly cut through the infalling matter and the outgoing Hawking radiation, thus, justifying the use of low energy field theory. To avoid information loss it has been argued recently, however, that local effective field theory has to break down at the horizon. To assess the extent of this breakdown in a UV complete framework we study stringtheoretic effects on nice slices in Schwarzschild black holes. Here, our purpose is twofold. First, we use nice slices to address various open questions and caveats of [1] where it was argued that boostenhanced nonadiabatic stringtheoretic effects at the horizon could provide a dynamical mechanism for the firewall. Second, we identify two nonadiabatic effects on nice slices in Schwarzschild black holes: pair production of open strings near the horizon enhanced by the presence of the infinite tower of highly excited string states and a latetime nonadiabatic effect intrinsic to nice slices.
 Authors:
 Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). Jefferson Physical Lab.; Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). Black Hole Initiative; Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
 Univ. Estadual Paulista, Sao Paulo (Brazil). Inst. de Fisica Teorica; Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States). Kavli Inst. for Theoretical Physics
 Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States). Kavli Inst. for Theoretical Physics
 Publication Date:
 Research Org.:
 Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States)
 Sponsoring Org.:
 USDOE Office of Science (SC); National Science Foundation (NSF)
 OSTI Identifier:
 1368373
 Grant/Contract Number:
 SC0007870; 2012/054518; 2014/173631; PHY1125915; PHY1205500
 Resource Type:
 Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
 Journal Name:
 Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)
 Additional Journal Information:
 Journal Name: Journal of High Energy Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 2017; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 10298479
 Publisher:
 Springer Berlin
 Country of Publication:
 United States
 Language:
 English
 Subject:
 79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Black Holes; Black Holes in String Theory
Citation Formats
Puhm, Andrea, Rojas, Francisco, and Ugajin, Tomonori. (Nonadiabatic) string creation on nice slices in Schwarzschild black holes. United States: N. p., 2017.
Web. doi:10.1007/JHEP04(2017)156.
Puhm, Andrea, Rojas, Francisco, & Ugajin, Tomonori. (Nonadiabatic) string creation on nice slices in Schwarzschild black holes. United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP04(2017)156.
Puhm, Andrea, Rojas, Francisco, and Ugajin, Tomonori. Thu .
"(Nonadiabatic) string creation on nice slices in Schwarzschild black holes". United States.
doi:10.1007/JHEP04(2017)156. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1368373.
@article{osti_1368373,
title = {(Nonadiabatic) string creation on nice slices in Schwarzschild black holes},
author = {Puhm, Andrea and Rojas, Francisco and Ugajin, Tomonori},
abstractNote = {Nice slices have played a pivotal role in the discussion of the black hole information paradox as they avoid regions of strong spacetime curvature and yet smoothly cut through the infalling matter and the outgoing Hawking radiation, thus, justifying the use of low energy field theory. To avoid information loss it has been argued recently, however, that local effective field theory has to break down at the horizon. To assess the extent of this breakdown in a UV complete framework we study stringtheoretic effects on nice slices in Schwarzschild black holes. Here, our purpose is twofold. First, we use nice slices to address various open questions and caveats of [1] where it was argued that boostenhanced nonadiabatic stringtheoretic effects at the horizon could provide a dynamical mechanism for the firewall. Second, we identify two nonadiabatic effects on nice slices in Schwarzschild black holes: pair production of open strings near the horizon enhanced by the presence of the infinite tower of highly excited string states and a latetime nonadiabatic effect intrinsic to nice slices.},
doi = {10.1007/JHEP04(2017)156},
journal = {Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)},
number = 4,
volume = 2017,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Apr 27 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Thu Apr 27 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}
Web of Science

Perturbative dynamics of gravity is investigated for highenergy scattering and in black hole backgrounds. In the latter case, a straightforward perturbative analysis fails, in a close parallel to the failure of the former when the impact parameter reaches the Schwarzschild radius. This suggests a flaw in a semiclassical description of physics on spatial slices that intersect both outgoing Hawking radiation and matter that has carried information into a black hole; such slices are instrumental in a general argument for black hole information loss. This indicates a possible role for the proposal that nonperturbative gravitational physics is intrinsically nonlocal.

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