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Title: Intercomparison of the gold, platinum, and MgO pressure scales up to 140 GPa and 2500 K

Abstract

In order to intercalibrate the equations of state (EOSs) of the three widely used pressure standards, gold, platinum, and MgO, we have measured their unit cell volumes together in the laser–heated diamond anvil cell up to 140 GPa and 2500 K. At 300 K, three standards agree with each other within ±2.5 GPa to 135 GPa if the EOSs measured in quasi–hydrostatic media are used. We further refined the EOSs at 300 K, making them consistent with each other within ±1 GPa up to 135 GPa. At high temperature ( T), the three standards match the best within ±1 GPa between 40 and 140 GPa, when we use the scales by Dorogokupets and Dewaele (2007). However, a 2–3 GPa discrepancy remains at 20–40 GPa and 1500–2000 K, with gold yielding the highest pressure ( P). The pressure discrepancy is likely related to steep decreases in the Grüneisen parameter, the anharmonicity, and/or the electronic effects for the standards at the P–T conditions. Because gold melts near the temperatures expected for the mantle transition zone, severe anharmonic effects expected under premelting conditions make gold unsuitable for determining the phase boundaries in the region. The pressure scales by Dorogokupets and Dewaele (2007) providemore » tighter constrains on the Clapeyron slopes of the postspinel boundary to –2.0 to –2.7 MPa/K and the postperovskite boundary to 7–10 MPa/K. In conclusion, the data and refined EOSs presented here allow for reliable comparisons among experiments with different pressure standards for the entire P–T conditions expected for the Earth's lower mantle.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. China Univ. of Geosciences, Wuhan (China); Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)
  2. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
  3. Carnegie Inst. of Washington, Washington, DC (United States)
  4. Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1368221
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1373812
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-94ER14466; NA0001974; FG02-99ER45775; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 122; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-9313
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; equation of state; pressure scale; mantle phase boundaries; gold; platinum; periclase

Citation Formats

Ye, Y., Prakapenka, V., Meng, Y., and Shim, S. -H. Intercomparison of the gold, platinum, and MgO pressure scales up to 140 GPa and 2500 K. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/2016JB013811.
Ye, Y., Prakapenka, V., Meng, Y., & Shim, S. -H. Intercomparison of the gold, platinum, and MgO pressure scales up to 140 GPa and 2500 K. United States. doi:10.1002/2016JB013811.
Ye, Y., Prakapenka, V., Meng, Y., and Shim, S. -H. Tue . "Intercomparison of the gold, platinum, and MgO pressure scales up to 140 GPa and 2500 K". United States. doi:10.1002/2016JB013811. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1368221.
@article{osti_1368221,
title = {Intercomparison of the gold, platinum, and MgO pressure scales up to 140 GPa and 2500 K},
author = {Ye, Y. and Prakapenka, V. and Meng, Y. and Shim, S. -H.},
abstractNote = {In order to intercalibrate the equations of state (EOSs) of the three widely used pressure standards, gold, platinum, and MgO, we have measured their unit cell volumes together in the laser–heated diamond anvil cell up to 140 GPa and 2500 K. At 300 K, three standards agree with each other within ±2.5 GPa to 135 GPa if the EOSs measured in quasi–hydrostatic media are used. We further refined the EOSs at 300 K, making them consistent with each other within ±1 GPa up to 135 GPa. At high temperature (T), the three standards match the best within ±1 GPa between 40 and 140 GPa, when we use the scales by Dorogokupets and Dewaele (2007). However, a 2–3 GPa discrepancy remains at 20–40 GPa and 1500–2000 K, with gold yielding the highest pressure (P). The pressure discrepancy is likely related to steep decreases in the Grüneisen parameter, the anharmonicity, and/or the electronic effects for the standards at the P–T conditions. Because gold melts near the temperatures expected for the mantle transition zone, severe anharmonic effects expected under premelting conditions make gold unsuitable for determining the phase boundaries in the region. The pressure scales by Dorogokupets and Dewaele (2007) provide tighter constrains on the Clapeyron slopes of the postspinel boundary to –2.0 to –2.7 MPa/K and the postperovskite boundary to 7–10 MPa/K. In conclusion, the data and refined EOSs presented here allow for reliable comparisons among experiments with different pressure standards for the entire P–T conditions expected for the Earth's lower mantle.},
doi = {10.1002/2016JB013811},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth},
number = 5,
volume = 122,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue May 02 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Tue May 02 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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