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Title: Compact and multi-view solid state neutral particle analyzer arrays on National Spherical Torus Experiment-Upgrade

Abstract

A compact and multi-view solid state neutral particle analyzer (SSNPA) diagnostic based on silicon photodiode arrays has been successfully tested on the National Spherical Torus Experiment-Upgrade. The SSNPA diagnostic provides spatially, temporally, and pitch-angle resolved measurements of fast-ion distribution by detecting fast neutral flux resulting from the charge exchange (CX) reactions. The system consists of three 16-channel subsystems: t-SSNPA viewing the plasma mid-radius and neutral beam (NB) line #2 tangentially, r-SSNPA viewing the plasma core and NB line #1 radially, and p-SSNPA with no intersection with any NB lines. Due to the setup geometry, the active CX signals of t-SSNPA and r-SSNPA are mainly sensitive to passing and trapped particles, respectively. Additionally, both t-SSNPA and r-SSNPA utilize three vertically stacked arrays with different filter thicknesses to obtain coarse energy information. The experimental data show that all channels are operational. The signal to noise ratio is typically larger than 10, and the main noise is x-ray induced signal. The active and passive CX signals are clearly observed on t-SSNPA and r-SSNPA during NB modulation. The SSNPA data also indicate significant losses of passing particles during sawteeth, while trapped particles are weakly affected. Fluctuations up to 120 kHz have been observed onmore » SSNPA, and they are strongly correlated with magnetohydrodynamics instabilities.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  2. Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States). Department of Physics and Astronomy
  3. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1368180
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-09CH11466; FG02-06ER54867; FG03-02ER54681
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Liu, D., Heidbrink, W. W., Tritz, K., Fredrickson, E. D., Hao, G. Z., and Zhu, Y. B. Compact and multi-view solid state neutral particle analyzer arrays on National Spherical Torus Experiment-Upgrade. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4959798.
Liu, D., Heidbrink, W. W., Tritz, K., Fredrickson, E. D., Hao, G. Z., & Zhu, Y. B. Compact and multi-view solid state neutral particle analyzer arrays on National Spherical Torus Experiment-Upgrade. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4959798.
Liu, D., Heidbrink, W. W., Tritz, K., Fredrickson, E. D., Hao, G. Z., and Zhu, Y. B. Fri . "Compact and multi-view solid state neutral particle analyzer arrays on National Spherical Torus Experiment-Upgrade". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4959798. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1368180.
@article{osti_1368180,
title = {Compact and multi-view solid state neutral particle analyzer arrays on National Spherical Torus Experiment-Upgrade},
author = {Liu, D. and Heidbrink, W. W. and Tritz, K. and Fredrickson, E. D. and Hao, G. Z. and Zhu, Y. B.},
abstractNote = {A compact and multi-view solid state neutral particle analyzer (SSNPA) diagnostic based on silicon photodiode arrays has been successfully tested on the National Spherical Torus Experiment-Upgrade. The SSNPA diagnostic provides spatially, temporally, and pitch-angle resolved measurements of fast-ion distribution by detecting fast neutral flux resulting from the charge exchange (CX) reactions. The system consists of three 16-channel subsystems: t-SSNPA viewing the plasma mid-radius and neutral beam (NB) line #2 tangentially, r-SSNPA viewing the plasma core and NB line #1 radially, and p-SSNPA with no intersection with any NB lines. Due to the setup geometry, the active CX signals of t-SSNPA and r-SSNPA are mainly sensitive to passing and trapped particles, respectively. Additionally, both t-SSNPA and r-SSNPA utilize three vertically stacked arrays with different filter thicknesses to obtain coarse energy information. The experimental data show that all channels are operational. The signal to noise ratio is typically larger than 10, and the main noise is x-ray induced signal. The active and passive CX signals are clearly observed on t-SSNPA and r-SSNPA during NB modulation. The SSNPA data also indicate significant losses of passing particles during sawteeth, while trapped particles are weakly affected. Fluctuations up to 120 kHz have been observed on SSNPA, and they are strongly correlated with magnetohydrodynamics instabilities.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4959798},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 11,
volume = 87,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Jul 29 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Fri Jul 29 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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