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Title: Imaging exciton–polariton transport in MoSe2 waveguides

Abstract

The exciton polariton (EP), a half-light and half-matter quasiparticle, is potentially an important element for future photonic and quantum technologies1-4. It provides both strong light-matter interactions and long-distance propagation that is necessary for applications associated with energy or information transfer. Recently, strongly-coupled cavity EPs at room temperature have been demonstrated in van der Waals (vdW) materials due to their strongly-bound excitons5-9. Here we report a nano-optical imaging study of waveguide EPs in MoSe2, a prototypical vdW semiconductor. The measured propagation length of the EPs is sensitive to the excitation photon energy and reaches over 12 μm. The polariton wavelength can be conveniently altered from 600 nm down to 300 nm by controlling the waveguide thickness. Furthermore, we found an intriguing back-bending polariton dispersion close to the exciton resonance. The observed EPs in vdW semiconductors could be useful in future nanophotonic circuits operating in the near-infrared to visible spectral regions.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1]
  1. Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States); Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1368051
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1376529
Report Number(s):
IS-J 9346
Journal ID: ISSN 1749-4885; nphoton.2017.65
Grant/Contract Number:  
DE-AC02-07CH11358; AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Photonics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1749-4885
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Hu, F., Luan, Y., Scott, M. E., Yan, J., Mandrus, D. G., Xu, X., and Fei, Z. Imaging exciton–polariton transport in MoSe2 waveguides. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1038/nphoton.2017.65.
Hu, F., Luan, Y., Scott, M. E., Yan, J., Mandrus, D. G., Xu, X., & Fei, Z. Imaging exciton–polariton transport in MoSe2 waveguides. United States. doi:10.1038/nphoton.2017.65.
Hu, F., Luan, Y., Scott, M. E., Yan, J., Mandrus, D. G., Xu, X., and Fei, Z. Mon . "Imaging exciton–polariton transport in MoSe2 waveguides". United States. doi:10.1038/nphoton.2017.65. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1368051.
@article{osti_1368051,
title = {Imaging exciton–polariton transport in MoSe2 waveguides},
author = {Hu, F. and Luan, Y. and Scott, M. E. and Yan, J. and Mandrus, D. G. and Xu, X. and Fei, Z.},
abstractNote = {The exciton polariton (EP), a half-light and half-matter quasiparticle, is potentially an important element for future photonic and quantum technologies1-4. It provides both strong light-matter interactions and long-distance propagation that is necessary for applications associated with energy or information transfer. Recently, strongly-coupled cavity EPs at room temperature have been demonstrated in van der Waals (vdW) materials due to their strongly-bound excitons5-9. Here we report a nano-optical imaging study of waveguide EPs in MoSe2, a prototypical vdW semiconductor. The measured propagation length of the EPs is sensitive to the excitation photon energy and reaches over 12 μm. The polariton wavelength can be conveniently altered from 600 nm down to 300 nm by controlling the waveguide thickness. Furthermore, we found an intriguing back-bending polariton dispersion close to the exciton resonance. The observed EPs in vdW semiconductors could be useful in future nanophotonic circuits operating in the near-infrared to visible spectral regions.},
doi = {10.1038/nphoton.2017.65},
journal = {Nature Photonics},
number = 6,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon May 08 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Mon May 08 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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