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Title: Broadband optical properties of biomass-burning aerosol and identification of brown carbon chromophores: OPTICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF BROWN CARBON AEROSOLS

Abstract

The radiative effects of biomass burning aerosols on regional and global scale is substantial. Accurate modeling of the radiative effects of smoke aerosols require wavelength-dependent measurements and parameterizations of their optical properties in the UV and visible spectral ranges along with improved description of their chemical composition. To address this issue, we used a recently developed approach to retrieve the time- and spectral-dependent optical properties of ambient biomass burning aerosols between 300 and 650 nm wavelength during a regional bonfire festival in Israel. During the biomass burning event, the overall absorption at 400 nm increased by about two orders of magnitude, changing the size-weighted single scattering albedo from a background level of 0.95 to 0.7. Based on the new retrieval method, we provide parameterizations of the wavelength-dependent effective complex refractive index from 350 to 650 nm for freshly emitted and aged biomass burning aerosols. In addition, PM2.5 filter samples were collected for detailed off-line chemical analysis of the water soluble organics that contribute to light absorption. Nitrophenols were identified as the main organic species responsible for the increased absorption at 400-500 nm. These include species such as 4- nitrocatechol, 4-nitrophenol, nitro-syringol and nitro-guaiacol; oxidation-nitration products of methoxyphenols, known products ofmore » lignin pyrolysis. Our findings emphasize the importance of both primary and secondary organic aerosol from biomass burning in absorption of solar radiation and in effective radiative forcing.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot Israel
  2. Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland Washington USA
  3. The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot Israel
  4. Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax Nova Scotia Canada
  5. Department of Chemistry, Dalhousie University, Halifax Nova Scotia Canada
  6. Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder Colorado USA; Chemical Sciences Division, Earth System Research Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Boulder Colorado USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1367376
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-122306
Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X; 49218; 400402000
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 122; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

Citation Formats

Bluvshtein, Nir, Lin, Peng, Flores, J. Michel, Segev, Lior, Mazar, Yinon, Tas, Eran, Snider, Graydon, Weagle, Crystal, Brown, Steven S., Laskin, Alexander, and Rudich, Yinon. Broadband optical properties of biomass-burning aerosol and identification of brown carbon chromophores: OPTICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF BROWN CARBON AEROSOLS. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/2016JD026230.
Bluvshtein, Nir, Lin, Peng, Flores, J. Michel, Segev, Lior, Mazar, Yinon, Tas, Eran, Snider, Graydon, Weagle, Crystal, Brown, Steven S., Laskin, Alexander, & Rudich, Yinon. Broadband optical properties of biomass-burning aerosol and identification of brown carbon chromophores: OPTICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF BROWN CARBON AEROSOLS. United States. doi:10.1002/2016JD026230.
Bluvshtein, Nir, Lin, Peng, Flores, J. Michel, Segev, Lior, Mazar, Yinon, Tas, Eran, Snider, Graydon, Weagle, Crystal, Brown, Steven S., Laskin, Alexander, and Rudich, Yinon. Tue . "Broadband optical properties of biomass-burning aerosol and identification of brown carbon chromophores: OPTICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF BROWN CARBON AEROSOLS". United States. doi:10.1002/2016JD026230.
@article{osti_1367376,
title = {Broadband optical properties of biomass-burning aerosol and identification of brown carbon chromophores: OPTICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF BROWN CARBON AEROSOLS},
author = {Bluvshtein, Nir and Lin, Peng and Flores, J. Michel and Segev, Lior and Mazar, Yinon and Tas, Eran and Snider, Graydon and Weagle, Crystal and Brown, Steven S. and Laskin, Alexander and Rudich, Yinon},
abstractNote = {The radiative effects of biomass burning aerosols on regional and global scale is substantial. Accurate modeling of the radiative effects of smoke aerosols require wavelength-dependent measurements and parameterizations of their optical properties in the UV and visible spectral ranges along with improved description of their chemical composition. To address this issue, we used a recently developed approach to retrieve the time- and spectral-dependent optical properties of ambient biomass burning aerosols between 300 and 650 nm wavelength during a regional bonfire festival in Israel. During the biomass burning event, the overall absorption at 400 nm increased by about two orders of magnitude, changing the size-weighted single scattering albedo from a background level of 0.95 to 0.7. Based on the new retrieval method, we provide parameterizations of the wavelength-dependent effective complex refractive index from 350 to 650 nm for freshly emitted and aged biomass burning aerosols. In addition, PM2.5 filter samples were collected for detailed off-line chemical analysis of the water soluble organics that contribute to light absorption. Nitrophenols were identified as the main organic species responsible for the increased absorption at 400-500 nm. These include species such as 4- nitrocatechol, 4-nitrophenol, nitro-syringol and nitro-guaiacol; oxidation-nitration products of methoxyphenols, known products of lignin pyrolysis. Our findings emphasize the importance of both primary and secondary organic aerosol from biomass burning in absorption of solar radiation and in effective radiative forcing.},
doi = {10.1002/2016JD026230},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres},
issn = {2169-897X},
number = 10,
volume = 122,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}

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