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Title: High-Frequency Vertical Profiling of Meteorological Parameters Using AMF1 Facility during RAWEX?GVAX at ARIES, Nainital

Abstract

An extensive field study, RAWEX-GVAX, was carried out during a 10-month (June 2011-March 2012) campaign at ARIES, Nainital and observations on a wide range of parameters like physical and optical properties of aerosols, meteorological parameters and boundary layer evolution were made. This work presents results obtained from high-frequency (four launches per day), balloon-borne observations of meteorological parameters (pressure, temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and wind direction). These observations show wind speed as high as 84 m/s near the subtropical jet. It is shown that reanalysis wind speeds are in better agreement at 250 hPa (altitude of subtropical jet) than those above or below this value (100 hPa or 500 hPa). These observations also demonstrate that AIRS-derived temperature profiles are negatively biased in the lower altitude region, whereas they are positively biased near the tropopause. WRF simulated results are able to capture variations in temperature, humidity and wind speed profile reasonable well. WRF and AIRS-derived tropopause height, tropopause pressure and tropopause temperature also show agreement with radiosonde estimates.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Indian Institute of Science, India; Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO); USDOE Office of Science - Office of Biological and Environmental Research
OSTI Identifier:
1366513
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Current Science (Bangalore)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 111; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0011-3891
Publisher:
Current Science Association
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Aerosols; radiosonde; subtropical jet; tropopause folding; vertical profiling

Citation Formats

Naja, Manish, Bhardwaj, Piyush, Singh, Narendra, Kumar, Phani, Kumar, Rajesh, Ojha, N., Sagar, Ram, Satheesh, S. K., Krishna Moorthy, K., and Kotamarthi, V. R. High-Frequency Vertical Profiling of Meteorological Parameters Using AMF1 Facility during RAWEX?GVAX at ARIES, Nainital. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.18520/cs/v111/i1/132-140.
Naja, Manish, Bhardwaj, Piyush, Singh, Narendra, Kumar, Phani, Kumar, Rajesh, Ojha, N., Sagar, Ram, Satheesh, S. K., Krishna Moorthy, K., & Kotamarthi, V. R. High-Frequency Vertical Profiling of Meteorological Parameters Using AMF1 Facility during RAWEX?GVAX at ARIES, Nainital. United States. doi:10.18520/cs/v111/i1/132-140.
Naja, Manish, Bhardwaj, Piyush, Singh, Narendra, Kumar, Phani, Kumar, Rajesh, Ojha, N., Sagar, Ram, Satheesh, S. K., Krishna Moorthy, K., and Kotamarthi, V. R. Sun . "High-Frequency Vertical Profiling of Meteorological Parameters Using AMF1 Facility during RAWEX?GVAX at ARIES, Nainital". United States. doi:10.18520/cs/v111/i1/132-140.
@article{osti_1366513,
title = {High-Frequency Vertical Profiling of Meteorological Parameters Using AMF1 Facility during RAWEX?GVAX at ARIES, Nainital},
author = {Naja, Manish and Bhardwaj, Piyush and Singh, Narendra and Kumar, Phani and Kumar, Rajesh and Ojha, N. and Sagar, Ram and Satheesh, S. K. and Krishna Moorthy, K. and Kotamarthi, V. R.},
abstractNote = {An extensive field study, RAWEX-GVAX, was carried out during a 10-month (June 2011-March 2012) campaign at ARIES, Nainital and observations on a wide range of parameters like physical and optical properties of aerosols, meteorological parameters and boundary layer evolution were made. This work presents results obtained from high-frequency (four launches per day), balloon-borne observations of meteorological parameters (pressure, temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and wind direction). These observations show wind speed as high as 84 m/s near the subtropical jet. It is shown that reanalysis wind speeds are in better agreement at 250 hPa (altitude of subtropical jet) than those above or below this value (100 hPa or 500 hPa). These observations also demonstrate that AIRS-derived temperature profiles are negatively biased in the lower altitude region, whereas they are positively biased near the tropopause. WRF simulated results are able to capture variations in temperature, humidity and wind speed profile reasonable well. WRF and AIRS-derived tropopause height, tropopause pressure and tropopause temperature also show agreement with radiosonde estimates.},
doi = {10.18520/cs/v111/i1/132-140},
journal = {Current Science (Bangalore)},
issn = {0011-3891},
number = 1,
volume = 111,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {7}
}