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Title: Advanced Demonstration and Test Reactor Options Study

Abstract

Global efforts to address climate change will require large-scale decarbonization of energy production in the United States and elsewhere. Nuclear power already provides 20% of electricity production in the United States (U.S.) and is increasing in countries undergoing rapid growth around the world. Because reliable, grid-stabilizing, low emission electricity generation, energy security, and energy resource diversity will be increasingly valued, nuclear power’s share of electricity production has a potential to grow. In addition, there are non electricity applications (e.g., process heat, desalination, hydrogen production) that could be better served by advanced nuclear systems. Thus, the timely development, demonstration, and commercialization of advanced nuclear reactors could diversify the nuclear technologies available and offer attractive technology options to expand the impact of nuclear energy for electricity generation and non-electricity missions. The purpose of this planning study is to provide transparent and defensible technology options for a test and/or demonstration reactor(s) to be built to support public policy, innovation and long term commercialization within the context of the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) broader commitment to pursuing an “all of the above” clean energy strategy and associated time lines. This planning study includes identification of the key features and timing needed for advanced testmore » or demonstration reactors to support research, development, and technology demonstration leading to the commercialization of power plants built upon these advanced reactor platforms. This planning study is consistent with the Congressional language contained within the fiscal year 2015 appropriation that directed the DOE to conduct a planning study to evaluate “advanced reactor technology options, capabilities, and requirements within the context of national needs and public policy to support innovation in nuclear energy”. Advanced reactors are defined in this study as reactors that use coolants other than water. Advanced reactor technologies have the potential to expand the energy applications, enhance the competitiveness, and improve the sustainability of nuclear energy.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [2];  [1]
  1. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
OSTI Identifier:
1364524
Report Number(s):
INL/EXT-16-37867
TRN: US1702289
DOE Contract Number:  
AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; TEST REACTORS; NUCLEAR ENERGYS; NUCLEAR POWER; POWER GENERATION; REACTOR TECHNOLOGY; Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards; ART; design certifications; Licensing; LWR; MSR; Nuclear Regulatory Commission; SFR; TDO

Citation Formats

Petti, David Andrew, Hill, R., Gehin, J., Gougar, Hans David, Strydom, Gerhard, Heidet, F., Kinsey, J., Grandy, Christopher, Qualls, A., Brown, Nicholas, Powers, J., Hoffman, E., and Croson, D. Advanced Demonstration and Test Reactor Options Study. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.2172/1364524.
Petti, David Andrew, Hill, R., Gehin, J., Gougar, Hans David, Strydom, Gerhard, Heidet, F., Kinsey, J., Grandy, Christopher, Qualls, A., Brown, Nicholas, Powers, J., Hoffman, E., & Croson, D. Advanced Demonstration and Test Reactor Options Study. United States. doi:10.2172/1364524.
Petti, David Andrew, Hill, R., Gehin, J., Gougar, Hans David, Strydom, Gerhard, Heidet, F., Kinsey, J., Grandy, Christopher, Qualls, A., Brown, Nicholas, Powers, J., Hoffman, E., and Croson, D. Sun . "Advanced Demonstration and Test Reactor Options Study". United States. doi:10.2172/1364524. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1364524.
@article{osti_1364524,
title = {Advanced Demonstration and Test Reactor Options Study},
author = {Petti, David Andrew and Hill, R. and Gehin, J. and Gougar, Hans David and Strydom, Gerhard and Heidet, F. and Kinsey, J. and Grandy, Christopher and Qualls, A. and Brown, Nicholas and Powers, J. and Hoffman, E. and Croson, D.},
abstractNote = {Global efforts to address climate change will require large-scale decarbonization of energy production in the United States and elsewhere. Nuclear power already provides 20% of electricity production in the United States (U.S.) and is increasing in countries undergoing rapid growth around the world. Because reliable, grid-stabilizing, low emission electricity generation, energy security, and energy resource diversity will be increasingly valued, nuclear power’s share of electricity production has a potential to grow. In addition, there are non electricity applications (e.g., process heat, desalination, hydrogen production) that could be better served by advanced nuclear systems. Thus, the timely development, demonstration, and commercialization of advanced nuclear reactors could diversify the nuclear technologies available and offer attractive technology options to expand the impact of nuclear energy for electricity generation and non-electricity missions. The purpose of this planning study is to provide transparent and defensible technology options for a test and/or demonstration reactor(s) to be built to support public policy, innovation and long term commercialization within the context of the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) broader commitment to pursuing an “all of the above” clean energy strategy and associated time lines. This planning study includes identification of the key features and timing needed for advanced test or demonstration reactors to support research, development, and technology demonstration leading to the commercialization of power plants built upon these advanced reactor platforms. This planning study is consistent with the Congressional language contained within the fiscal year 2015 appropriation that directed the DOE to conduct a planning study to evaluate “advanced reactor technology options, capabilities, and requirements within the context of national needs and public policy to support innovation in nuclear energy”. Advanced reactors are defined in this study as reactors that use coolants other than water. Advanced reactor technologies have the potential to expand the energy applications, enhance the competitiveness, and improve the sustainability of nuclear energy.},
doi = {10.2172/1364524},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

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