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Title: Quenching of reactive intermediates during mechanochemical depolymerization of lignin

Abstract

Mechanochemical reactions are performed to depolymerize organosolv lignin with sodium hydroxide in a mixer ball mill. GPC analysis reveals that rapid depolymerization into small oligomers occurs within minutes of milling time, followed by a slower reduction in average relative molecular mass over the next 8 h of milling. Monomeric products are identified by GC–MS and quantified by GC-FID. The extent of depolymerization appears to be limited by repolymerization reactions that form bonds between products. Suppression of these repolymerization reactions can be achieved through the addition of methanol as a scavenger or adjustment of the moisture content of the feedstock. These modifications result in lower average relative molecular masses and higher yields of monomers. These results are an important step towards designing an efficient pathway for lignin valorization.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [1]
  1. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
  2. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1364389
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-120623
Journal ID: ISSN 0920-5861; PII: S0920586117302997
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Catalysis Today
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 302; Journal ID: ISSN 0920-5861
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; mechanocatalysis; biomass; ball mill; Organosolv lignin; scavenger; hydrolysis

Citation Formats

Brittain, Alex D., Chrisandina, Natasha J., Cooper, Rachel E., Buchanan, Michael, Cort, John R., Olarte, Mariefel V., and Sievers, Carsten. Quenching of reactive intermediates during mechanochemical depolymerization of lignin. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.cattod.2017.04.066.
Brittain, Alex D., Chrisandina, Natasha J., Cooper, Rachel E., Buchanan, Michael, Cort, John R., Olarte, Mariefel V., & Sievers, Carsten. Quenching of reactive intermediates during mechanochemical depolymerization of lignin. United States. doi:10.1016/j.cattod.2017.04.066.
Brittain, Alex D., Chrisandina, Natasha J., Cooper, Rachel E., Buchanan, Michael, Cort, John R., Olarte, Mariefel V., and Sievers, Carsten. Wed . "Quenching of reactive intermediates during mechanochemical depolymerization of lignin". United States. doi:10.1016/j.cattod.2017.04.066. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1364389.
@article{osti_1364389,
title = {Quenching of reactive intermediates during mechanochemical depolymerization of lignin},
author = {Brittain, Alex D. and Chrisandina, Natasha J. and Cooper, Rachel E. and Buchanan, Michael and Cort, John R. and Olarte, Mariefel V. and Sievers, Carsten},
abstractNote = {Mechanochemical reactions are performed to depolymerize organosolv lignin with sodium hydroxide in a mixer ball mill. GPC analysis reveals that rapid depolymerization into small oligomers occurs within minutes of milling time, followed by a slower reduction in average relative molecular mass over the next 8 h of milling. Monomeric products are identified by GC–MS and quantified by GC-FID. The extent of depolymerization appears to be limited by repolymerization reactions that form bonds between products. Suppression of these repolymerization reactions can be achieved through the addition of methanol as a scavenger or adjustment of the moisture content of the feedstock. These modifications result in lower average relative molecular masses and higher yields of monomers. These results are an important step towards designing an efficient pathway for lignin valorization.},
doi = {10.1016/j.cattod.2017.04.066},
journal = {Catalysis Today},
number = ,
volume = 302,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed May 10 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Wed May 10 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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Cited by: 2 works
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