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Title: Final Technical Report Project: Low-Energy Photonuclear Studies at HIGS and Lund

Abstract

This report summarizes a program of low-energy photonuclear studies at MAX-Lab in Lund (Sweden) and at the High Intensity Gamma Source (HIGS) at Duke University. A major emphasis has been on Compton scattering from deuterium in order to determine the electric and magnetic polarizabilities of the neutron. The studies at Lund utilized unpolarized photons at Egamma = 62-115 MeV to measure differential cross sections. The studies at HIGS utilized polarized and unpolarized photon beams (both linear and circular) at Egamma < 90 MeV. Polarization observables will be exploited to improve our understanding of the electric and magnetic polarizabilities, and in particular, double-polarization observables (using polarized targets) will be measured in the future to provide new information about the spin polarizabilities of the nucleon. The MAX-Lab experiments (using unpolarized photons) focused on an approved PAC proposal for Compton scattering on the deuteron aimed at making a precise determination of the electromagnetic polarizabilities of the neutron. At MAX-Lab we had three of the largest NaI detectors in the world, each capable of ~2% energy resolution. We have completed our measurements in two separate tagged photon energy ranges which overlap each other (62-97 MeV and 90-115 MeV) and the results of these experimentsmore » have been published. The photon beam at the High Intensity Gamma Source (HIGS) has several distinct advantages that make it unique: (1) ultra-high photon flux, ultimately reaching 100 MHz, (2) 100% linearly polarized photon beam, as well as circular polarization, (3) monoenergetic beam, with ~2% energy resolution, and (4) extremely low-background beam environment. Exploiting the high flux and polarization capabilities of the HIGS photon beam is central in the series of experiments being performed at this facility. Very little data exist on Compton scattering using polarized photons. We will exploit clear sensitivities in the polarization observables to the electric and magnetic polarizabilities of the nucleon, and we will ultimately extend these studies to the investigation of the spin polarizabilities. To accomplish these objectives, a liquid hydrogen/deuterium/helium cryotarget has been constructed at HIGS, and an array of NaI detectors has been commissioned for Compton studies.« less

Authors:
 [1]
  1. George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
OSTI Identifier:
1363869
Report Number(s):
DOE-GWU-ER41422
DOE Contract Number:  
FG02-06ER41422
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Feldman, Gerald. Final Technical Report Project: Low-Energy Photonuclear Studies at HIGS and Lund. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.2172/1363869.
Feldman, Gerald. Final Technical Report Project: Low-Energy Photonuclear Studies at HIGS and Lund. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1363869
Feldman, Gerald. Thu . "Final Technical Report Project: Low-Energy Photonuclear Studies at HIGS and Lund". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1363869. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1363869.
@article{osti_1363869,
title = {Final Technical Report Project: Low-Energy Photonuclear Studies at HIGS and Lund},
author = {Feldman, Gerald},
abstractNote = {This report summarizes a program of low-energy photonuclear studies at MAX-Lab in Lund (Sweden) and at the High Intensity Gamma Source (HIGS) at Duke University. A major emphasis has been on Compton scattering from deuterium in order to determine the electric and magnetic polarizabilities of the neutron. The studies at Lund utilized unpolarized photons at Egamma = 62-115 MeV to measure differential cross sections. The studies at HIGS utilized polarized and unpolarized photon beams (both linear and circular) at Egamma < 90 MeV. Polarization observables will be exploited to improve our understanding of the electric and magnetic polarizabilities, and in particular, double-polarization observables (using polarized targets) will be measured in the future to provide new information about the spin polarizabilities of the nucleon. The MAX-Lab experiments (using unpolarized photons) focused on an approved PAC proposal for Compton scattering on the deuteron aimed at making a precise determination of the electromagnetic polarizabilities of the neutron. At MAX-Lab we had three of the largest NaI detectors in the world, each capable of ~2% energy resolution. We have completed our measurements in two separate tagged photon energy ranges which overlap each other (62-97 MeV and 90-115 MeV) and the results of these experiments have been published. The photon beam at the High Intensity Gamma Source (HIGS) has several distinct advantages that make it unique: (1) ultra-high photon flux, ultimately reaching 100 MHz, (2) 100% linearly polarized photon beam, as well as circular polarization, (3) monoenergetic beam, with ~2% energy resolution, and (4) extremely low-background beam environment. Exploiting the high flux and polarization capabilities of the HIGS photon beam is central in the series of experiments being performed at this facility. Very little data exist on Compton scattering using polarized photons. We will exploit clear sensitivities in the polarization observables to the electric and magnetic polarizabilities of the nucleon, and we will ultimately extend these studies to the investigation of the spin polarizabilities. To accomplish these objectives, a liquid hydrogen/deuterium/helium cryotarget has been constructed at HIGS, and an array of NaI detectors has been commissioned for Compton studies.},
doi = {10.2172/1363869},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1363869}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}