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Title: A measurement of secondary cosmic microwave background anisotropies from the 2500 square-degree SPT-SZ survey

Abstract

Here, we present measurements of secondary cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies and cosmic infrared background (CIB) fluctuations using data from the South Pole Telescope (SPT) covering the complete 2540 deg2 SPT-SZ survey area. Data in the three SPT-SZ frequency bands centered at 95, 150, and 220 GHz, are used to produce six angular power spectra (three single-frequency auto-spectra and three cross-spectra) covering the multipole range 2000 < ℓ < 11, 000 (angular scales 5' gsim θ gsim 1'). These are the most precise measurements of the angular power spectra at ℓ > 2500 at these frequencies. The main contributors to the power spectra at these angular scales and frequencies are the primary CMB, CIB, thermal and kinematic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effects (tSZ and kSZ), and radio galaxies. We include a constraint on the tSZ power from a measurement of the tSZ bispectrum from 800 deg2 of the SPT-SZ survey. We measure the tSZ power at 143 GHz to be $$D^{\rm tSZ}_{3000} = 4.08^{+0.58}_{-0.67}\,\mu {\rm K}^2{}$$ and the kSZ power to be $$D^{\rm kSZ}_{3000} = 2.9 \pm 1.3\, \mu {\rm K}^2{}$$. The data prefer positive kSZ power at 98.1% CL. We measure a correlation coefficient of $$\xi = 0.113^{+0.057}_{-0.054}$$ between sources of tSZ and CIB power, with ξ < 0 disfavored at a confidence level of 99.0%. The constraint on kSZ power can be interpreted as an upper limit on the duration of reionization. When the post-reionization homogeneous kSZ signal is accounted for, we find an upper limit on the duration Δz < 5.4 at 95% CL.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [6];  [3];  [7];  [8];  [8];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [8];  [10];  [11];  [3];  [12] more »;  [11];  [13];  [3];  [14];  [3];  [15];  [5];  [3];  [11];  [3];  [16];  [17];  [7];  [3];  [18];  [17];  [19];  [8];  [3];  [20];  [17];  [21];  [3];  [8];  [22];  [23];  [3];  [13] « less
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Max-Planck-Institut fur extraterrestrische Physik, Garching (Germany)
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC (Australia)
  3. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
  4. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
  5. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  6. NIST Quantum Devices Group, Boulder, CO (United States)
  7. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  8. McGill Univ., Montreal, QC (Canada)
  9. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
  10. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  11. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
  12. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  13. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  14. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  15. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  16. Max-Planck-Institut fur extraterrestrische Physik, Garching (Germany); Ludwig-Maximilians-Univ., Munchen (Germany); Excellence Cluster Universe, Garching (Germany)
  17. Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States)
  18. Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)
  19. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
  20. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  21. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA (United States)
  22. Univ. of Toronto, Toronto, ON (Canada)
  23. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation (NSF); Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC); Alfred P. Sloan Foundation; USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1362117
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 799; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; cosmic background radiation; cosmology: observations; dark ages, reionization, first stars; diffuse radiation; large-scale structure of universe

Citation Formats

George, E. M., Reichardt, C. L., Aird, K. A., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Carlstrom, J. E., Chang, C. L., Cho, H-M., Crawford, T. M., Crites, A. T., de Haan, T., Dobbs, M. A., Dudley, J., Halverson, N. W., Harrington, N. L., Holder, G. P., Holzapfel, W. L., Hou, Z., Hrubes, J. D., Keisler, R., Knox, L., Lee, A. T., Leitch, E. M., Lueker, M., Luong-Van, D., McMahon, J. J., Mehl, J., Meyer, S. S., Millea, M., Mocanu, L. M., Mohr, J. J., Montroy, T. E., Padin, S., Plagge, T., Pryke, C., Ruhl, J. E., Schaffer, K. K., Shaw, L., Shirokoff, E., Spieler, H. G., Staniszewski, Z., Stark, A. A., Story, K. T., van Engelen, A., Vanderlinde, K., Vieira, J. D., Williamson, R., and Zahn, O. A measurement of secondary cosmic microwave background anisotropies from the 2500 square-degree SPT-SZ survey. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/799/2/177.
George, E. M., Reichardt, C. L., Aird, K. A., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Carlstrom, J. E., Chang, C. L., Cho, H-M., Crawford, T. M., Crites, A. T., de Haan, T., Dobbs, M. A., Dudley, J., Halverson, N. W., Harrington, N. L., Holder, G. P., Holzapfel, W. L., Hou, Z., Hrubes, J. D., Keisler, R., Knox, L., Lee, A. T., Leitch, E. M., Lueker, M., Luong-Van, D., McMahon, J. J., Mehl, J., Meyer, S. S., Millea, M., Mocanu, L. M., Mohr, J. J., Montroy, T. E., Padin, S., Plagge, T., Pryke, C., Ruhl, J. E., Schaffer, K. K., Shaw, L., Shirokoff, E., Spieler, H. G., Staniszewski, Z., Stark, A. A., Story, K. T., van Engelen, A., Vanderlinde, K., Vieira, J. D., Williamson, R., & Zahn, O. A measurement of secondary cosmic microwave background anisotropies from the 2500 square-degree SPT-SZ survey. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/799/2/177.
George, E. M., Reichardt, C. L., Aird, K. A., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Carlstrom, J. E., Chang, C. L., Cho, H-M., Crawford, T. M., Crites, A. T., de Haan, T., Dobbs, M. A., Dudley, J., Halverson, N. W., Harrington, N. L., Holder, G. P., Holzapfel, W. L., Hou, Z., Hrubes, J. D., Keisler, R., Knox, L., Lee, A. T., Leitch, E. M., Lueker, M., Luong-Van, D., McMahon, J. J., Mehl, J., Meyer, S. S., Millea, M., Mocanu, L. M., Mohr, J. J., Montroy, T. E., Padin, S., Plagge, T., Pryke, C., Ruhl, J. E., Schaffer, K. K., Shaw, L., Shirokoff, E., Spieler, H. G., Staniszewski, Z., Stark, A. A., Story, K. T., van Engelen, A., Vanderlinde, K., Vieira, J. D., Williamson, R., and Zahn, O. Wed . "A measurement of secondary cosmic microwave background anisotropies from the 2500 square-degree SPT-SZ survey". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/799/2/177. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1362117.
@article{osti_1362117,
title = {A measurement of secondary cosmic microwave background anisotropies from the 2500 square-degree SPT-SZ survey},
author = {George, E. M. and Reichardt, C. L. and Aird, K. A. and Benson, B. A. and Bleem, L. E. and Carlstrom, J. E. and Chang, C. L. and Cho, H-M. and Crawford, T. M. and Crites, A. T. and de Haan, T. and Dobbs, M. A. and Dudley, J. and Halverson, N. W. and Harrington, N. L. and Holder, G. P. and Holzapfel, W. L. and Hou, Z. and Hrubes, J. D. and Keisler, R. and Knox, L. and Lee, A. T. and Leitch, E. M. and Lueker, M. and Luong-Van, D. and McMahon, J. J. and Mehl, J. and Meyer, S. S. and Millea, M. and Mocanu, L. M. and Mohr, J. J. and Montroy, T. E. and Padin, S. and Plagge, T. and Pryke, C. and Ruhl, J. E. and Schaffer, K. K. and Shaw, L. and Shirokoff, E. and Spieler, H. G. and Staniszewski, Z. and Stark, A. A. and Story, K. T. and van Engelen, A. and Vanderlinde, K. and Vieira, J. D. and Williamson, R. and Zahn, O.},
abstractNote = {Here, we present measurements of secondary cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies and cosmic infrared background (CIB) fluctuations using data from the South Pole Telescope (SPT) covering the complete 2540 deg2 SPT-SZ survey area. Data in the three SPT-SZ frequency bands centered at 95, 150, and 220 GHz, are used to produce six angular power spectra (three single-frequency auto-spectra and three cross-spectra) covering the multipole range 2000 < ℓ < 11, 000 (angular scales 5' gsim θ gsim 1'). These are the most precise measurements of the angular power spectra at ℓ > 2500 at these frequencies. The main contributors to the power spectra at these angular scales and frequencies are the primary CMB, CIB, thermal and kinematic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effects (tSZ and kSZ), and radio galaxies. We include a constraint on the tSZ power from a measurement of the tSZ bispectrum from 800 deg2 of the SPT-SZ survey. We measure the tSZ power at 143 GHz to be $D^{\rm tSZ}_{3000} = 4.08^{+0.58}_{-0.67}\,\mu {\rm K}^2{}$ and the kSZ power to be $D^{\rm kSZ}_{3000} = 2.9 \pm 1.3\, \mu {\rm K}^2{}$. The data prefer positive kSZ power at 98.1% CL. We measure a correlation coefficient of $\xi = 0.113^{+0.057}_{-0.054}$ between sources of tSZ and CIB power, with ξ < 0 disfavored at a confidence level of 99.0%. The constraint on kSZ power can be interpreted as an upper limit on the duration of reionization. When the post-reionization homogeneous kSZ signal is accounted for, we find an upper limit on the duration Δz < 5.4 at 95% CL.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/799/2/177},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 2,
volume = 799,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jan 28 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Wed Jan 28 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}

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