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Title: Understanding How Climate Engineering Can Offset Climate Change


Sixth Meeting of the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project; Oslo, Norway, 21–22 June 2016

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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2324-9250; EOSTAJ
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union (Online)
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Kravitz, Ben, Robock, Alan, and Kristjánsson, Jón. Understanding How Climate Engineering Can Offset Climate Change. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1029/2016EO005279.
Kravitz, Ben, Robock, Alan, & Kristjánsson, Jón. Understanding How Climate Engineering Can Offset Climate Change. United States. doi:10.1029/2016EO005279.
Kravitz, Ben, Robock, Alan, and Kristjánsson, Jón. Thu . "Understanding How Climate Engineering Can Offset Climate Change". United States. doi:10.1029/2016EO005279.
title = {Understanding How Climate Engineering Can Offset Climate Change},
author = {Kravitz, Ben and Robock, Alan and Kristjánsson, Jón},
abstractNote = {Sixth Meeting of the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project; Oslo, Norway, 21–22 June 2016},
doi = {10.1029/2016EO005279},
journal = {Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union (Online)},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jan 12 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Thu Jan 12 00:00:00 EST 2017}
  • Major changes in the global climate are virtually certain by the mid-21st century due to the carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. Researchers are beginning to explore ways we can adopt. Scientist have long known that human activities, particularly the burning of fossil fuels, are artificially increasing the volume of greenhouse gases in the earth's atmosphere. This increase will eventually make the planet the hottest it has been in history. What remains controversial about the greenhouse effect is the rate of this global warming, its regional distribution, and most of all, what to do about the problem.
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  • If the increase in combustion of fossil fuels continues to grow, the atmospheric CO/sub 2/ concentration could double in 60 yrs, resulting in an increase in global temperature. The Oak Ridge study group is concerned with the need to predict more accurately the climatic effects of increasing atmospheric CO/sub 2/ and the need to learn more about the carbon cycle. With increased temperature, rates of plant respiration and decay could exceed photosynthesis resulting in release of additional CO/sub 2/. Other adverse impacts of a warming trend are listed. The following remedial measures are suggested: reduction of coal combustion by increasingmore » energy conservation, and establishment of a worldwide food reserve in the event of a decline in agricultural production. There has been a cooling trend in the earth's surface temperature in recent years. Opposing influences on climate may have been cancelling each other's effects, giving rise to a controversy over whether the net effects of man's future activities will be a cooling or warming trend. (HLW)« less