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Title: Metal-organic frameworks with exceptionally large pore aperatures

Abstract

The disclosure relates to metal organic frameworks or isoreticular metal organic frameworks, methods of production thereof, and methods of use thereof.

Inventors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
The Regents of the University of California, Oakland, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1361632
Patent Number(s):
9,669,098
Application Number:
14/797,312
Assignee:
The Regents of the University of California CHO
DOE Contract Number:
FG02-08ER15935,
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2015 Jul 13
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING

Citation Formats

Yaghi, Omar M., Furukawa, Hiroyasu, and Deng, Hexiang. Metal-organic frameworks with exceptionally large pore aperatures. United States: N. p., 2017. Web.
Yaghi, Omar M., Furukawa, Hiroyasu, & Deng, Hexiang. Metal-organic frameworks with exceptionally large pore aperatures. United States.
Yaghi, Omar M., Furukawa, Hiroyasu, and Deng, Hexiang. Tue . "Metal-organic frameworks with exceptionally large pore aperatures". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1361632.
@article{osti_1361632,
title = {Metal-organic frameworks with exceptionally large pore aperatures},
author = {Yaghi, Omar M. and Furukawa, Hiroyasu and Deng, Hexiang},
abstractNote = {The disclosure relates to metal organic frameworks or isoreticular metal organic frameworks, methods of production thereof, and methods of use thereof.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jun 06 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Tue Jun 06 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Patent:

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  • The disclosure relates to metal organic frameworks or isoreticular metal organic frameworks, methods of production thereof, and methods of use thereof.
  • An isoreticular metal-organic framework (IRMOF) and method for systematically forming the same. The method comprises the steps of dissolving at least one source of metal cations and at least one organic linking compound in a solvent to form a solution; and crystallizing the solution under predetermined conditions to form a predetermined IRMOF. At least one of functionality, dimension, pore size and free volume of the IRMOF is substantially determined by the organic linking compound.
  • The ability to design and construct solid-state materials with pre-determined structures is a grand challenge in chemistry. An inventive strategy based on reticulating metal ions and organic carboxylate links into extended networks has been advanced to a point that has allowed the design of porous structures in which pore size and functionality can be varied systematically. MOF-5, a prototype of a new class of porous materials and one that is constructed from octahedral Zn--O--C clusters and benzene links, was used to demonstrate that its 3-D porous system can be functionalized with the organic groups, --Br, --NH2, --OC 3H 7, --OCmore » 5H 11, --H 4C 2, and --H 4C 4, and its pore size expanded with the long molecular struts biphenyl, tetrahydropyrene, pyrene, and terphenyl. The ability to direct the formation of the octahedral clusters in the presence of a desired carboxylate link is an essential feature of this strategy, which resulted in the design of an isoreticular (having the same framework topology) series of sixteen well-defined materials whose crystals have open space representing up to 91.1% of the crystal volume, and homogeneous periodic pores that can be incrementally varied from 3.8 to 28.8 angstroms. Unlike the unpredictable nature of zeolite and other molecular sieve syntheses, the deliberate control exercised at the molecular level in the design of these crystals is expected to have tremendous implications on materials properties and future technologies. Indeed, data indicate that members of this series represent the first monocrystalline mesoporous organic/inorganic frameworks, and exhibit the highest capacity for methane storage (155 cm 3/cm 3 at 36 atm) and the lowest densities (0.41 to 0.21 g/cm 3) attained to date for any crystalline material at room temperature.« less