```
Benjamin, Nathan, Dyer, Ethan, Fitzpatrick, A. Liam, and Kachru, Shamit.
```*Universal bounds on charged states in 2d CFT and 3d gravity*. United States: N. p., 2016.
Web. doi:10.1007/JHEP08(2016)041.

```
Benjamin, Nathan, Dyer, Ethan, Fitzpatrick, A. Liam, & Kachru, Shamit.
```*Universal bounds on charged states in 2d CFT and 3d gravity*. United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP08(2016)041.

```
Benjamin, Nathan, Dyer, Ethan, Fitzpatrick, A. Liam, and Kachru, Shamit. Thu .
"Universal bounds on charged states in 2d CFT and 3d gravity". United States.
doi:10.1007/JHEP08(2016)041. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1361525.
```

```
@article{osti_1361525,
```

title = {Universal bounds on charged states in 2d CFT and 3d gravity},

author = {Benjamin, Nathan and Dyer, Ethan and Fitzpatrick, A. Liam and Kachru, Shamit},

abstractNote = {We derive an explicit bound on the dimension of the lightest charged state in two dimensional conformal field theories with a global abelian symmetry. We find that the bound scales with c and provide examples that parametrically saturate this bound. We also prove that any such theory must contain a state with charge-to-mass ratio above a minimal lower bound. As a result, we comment on the implications for charged states in three dimensional theories of gravity.},

doi = {10.1007/JHEP08(2016)041},

journal = {Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)},

number = 8,

volume = 2016,

place = {United States},

year = {Thu Aug 04 00:00:00 EDT 2016},

month = {Thu Aug 04 00:00:00 EDT 2016}

}