skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Experimental observation of attosecond control over relativistic electron bunches with two-colour fields

Abstract

Energy coupling during relativistically intense laser–matter interactions is encoded in the attosecond motion of strongly driven electrons at the pre-formed plasma–vacuum boundary. Studying and controlling this motion can reveal details about the microscopic processes that govern a vast array of light–matter interaction phenomena, including those at the forefront of extreme laser–plasma science such as laser-driven ion acceleration, bright attosecond pulse generation and efficient energy coupling for the generation and study of warm dense matter. Here in this paper, we experimentally demonstrate that by precisely adjusting the relative phase of an additional laser beam operating at the second harmonic of the driving laser it is possible to control the trajectories of relativistic electron bunches formed during the interaction with a solid target at the attosecond scale. Finally, we observe significant enhancements in the resulting high-harmonic yield, suggesting potential applications for sources of ultra-bright, extreme ultraviolet attosecond radiation to be used in atomic and molecular pump–probe experiments

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [3];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [5]
  1. Queen's Univ., Belfast (United Kingdom). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  2. Helmholtz Inst., Jena (Germany)
  3. Helmholtz Inst., Jena (Germany); Friedrich-Schiller-Universitat Jena (Germany). Inst. fur Optik und Quantenelektronik
  4. Helmholtz Inst., Jena (Germany); Friedrich-Schiller-Universitat Jena (Germany). Inst. fur Optik und Quantenelektronik; SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  5. Queen's Univ., Belfast (United Kingdom). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Helmholtz Inst., Jena (Germany); Friedrich-Schiller-Universitat Jena (Germany). Inst. fur Optik und Quantenelektronik
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1360939
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Photonics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1749-4885
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; High-harmonic generation; Laser-produced plasmas; Ultrafast lasers

Citation Formats

Yeung, M., Rykovanov, S., Bierbach, J., Li, L., Eckner, E., Kuschel, S., Woldegeorgis, A., Rödel, C., Sävert, A., Paulus, G. G., Coughlan, M., Dromey, B., and Zepf, M. Experimental observation of attosecond control over relativistic electron bunches with two-colour fields. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1038/NPHOTON.2016.239.
Yeung, M., Rykovanov, S., Bierbach, J., Li, L., Eckner, E., Kuschel, S., Woldegeorgis, A., Rödel, C., Sävert, A., Paulus, G. G., Coughlan, M., Dromey, B., & Zepf, M. Experimental observation of attosecond control over relativistic electron bunches with two-colour fields. United States. doi:10.1038/NPHOTON.2016.239.
Yeung, M., Rykovanov, S., Bierbach, J., Li, L., Eckner, E., Kuschel, S., Woldegeorgis, A., Rödel, C., Sävert, A., Paulus, G. G., Coughlan, M., Dromey, B., and Zepf, M. Mon . "Experimental observation of attosecond control over relativistic electron bunches with two-colour fields". United States. doi:10.1038/NPHOTON.2016.239. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1360939.
@article{osti_1360939,
title = {Experimental observation of attosecond control over relativistic electron bunches with two-colour fields},
author = {Yeung, M. and Rykovanov, S. and Bierbach, J. and Li, L. and Eckner, E. and Kuschel, S. and Woldegeorgis, A. and Rödel, C. and Sävert, A. and Paulus, G. G. and Coughlan, M. and Dromey, B. and Zepf, M.},
abstractNote = {Energy coupling during relativistically intense laser–matter interactions is encoded in the attosecond motion of strongly driven electrons at the pre-formed plasma–vacuum boundary. Studying and controlling this motion can reveal details about the microscopic processes that govern a vast array of light–matter interaction phenomena, including those at the forefront of extreme laser–plasma science such as laser-driven ion acceleration, bright attosecond pulse generation and efficient energy coupling for the generation and study of warm dense matter. Here in this paper, we experimentally demonstrate that by precisely adjusting the relative phase of an additional laser beam operating at the second harmonic of the driving laser it is possible to control the trajectories of relativistic electron bunches formed during the interaction with a solid target at the attosecond scale. Finally, we observe significant enhancements in the resulting high-harmonic yield, suggesting potential applications for sources of ultra-bright, extreme ultraviolet attosecond radiation to be used in atomic and molecular pump–probe experiments},
doi = {10.1038/NPHOTON.2016.239},
journal = {Nature Photonics},
issn = {1749-4885},
number = 1,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 8 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Highly Efficient High-Harmonic Generation in an Orthogonally Polarized Two-Color Laser Field
journal, June 2005


Interaction of an ultrashort, relativistically strong laser pulse with an overdense plasma
journal, March 1994

  • Bulanov, S. V.; Naumova, N. M.; Pegoraro, F.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 1, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.870766

Direct Observation of Density-Gradient Effects in Harmonic Generation from Plasma Mirrors
journal, April 2013


Beaming of High-Order Harmonics Generated from Laser-Plasma Interactions
journal, April 2013


Ion acceleration by superintense laser-plasma interaction
journal, May 2013

  • Macchi, Andrea; Borghesi, Marco; Passoni, Matteo
  • Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 85, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.85.751

Harmonic Generation from Relativistic Plasma Surfaces in Ultrasteep Plasma Density Gradients
journal, September 2012


Optical properties of relativistic plasma mirrors
journal, March 2014

  • Vincenti, H.; Monchocé, S.; Kahaly, S.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4403

Large-Scale, High-Efficiency Transmission Grating for Terawatt-Class Ti:Sapphire Lasers at 1 kHz
journal, June 2011

  • Zhou, Chun; Seki, Takashi; Sukegawa, Takashi
  • Applied Physics Express, Vol. 4, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1143/APEX.4.072701

Diffraction-limited performance and focusing of high harmonics from relativistic plasmas
journal, January 2009

  • Dromey, B.; Adams, D.; Hörlein, R.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 5, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1158

High-energy attosecond light sources
journal, September 2011


Theory of high-order harmonic generation in relativistic laser interaction with overdense plasma
journal, October 2006


Coherent Wake Emission of High-Order Harmonics from Overdense Plasmas
journal, March 2006


High order harmonic generation from solid targets: Towards intense attosecond pulses
journal, August 2009


Intense single attosecond pulses from surface harmonics using the polarization gating technique
journal, February 2008


Attosecond physics
journal, February 2009


Role of the plasma scale length in the harmonic generation from solid targets
journal, November 1998


Enhanced attosecond bursts of relativistic high-order harmonics driven by two-color fields
journal, January 2014

  • Edwards, Matthew R.; Platonenko, Victor T.; Mikhailova, Julia M.
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 39, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.39.006823

Measuring and controlling the birth of attosecond XUV pulses
journal, October 2006

  • Dudovich, N.; Smirnova, O.; Levesque, J.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 2, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys434

Noncollinear Polarization Gating of Attosecond Pulse Trains in the Relativistic Regime
journal, November 2015


Aberration-free high-harmonic source generated with a two-colour field
journal, January 2010


Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization
journal, September 1993


Nonlinear Attosecond Metrology by Intense Isolated Attosecond Pulses
journal, September 2015

  • Takahashi, Eiji J.; Lan, Pengfei; Mucke, Oliver D.
  • IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, Vol. 21, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1109/JSTQE.2015.2405899

Trajectory Selection in High Harmonic Generation by Controlling the Phase between Orthogonal Two-Color Fields
journal, October 2011


Coherent synchrotron emission from electron nanobunches formed in relativistic laser–plasma interactions
journal, October 2012

  • Dromey, B.; Rykovanov, S.; Yeung, M.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 8, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2439

Two-color high-order-harmonic generation: Relativistic mirror effects and attosecond pulses
journal, June 2013


Enhanced relativistic harmonics by electron nanobunching
journal, March 2010

  • an der Brügge, D.; Pukhov, A.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 17, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3353050

Short‐pulse laser harmonics from oscillating plasma surfaces driven at relativistic intensity
journal, September 1996

  • Lichters, R.; Meyer‐ter‐Vehn, J.; Pukhov, A.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 3, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.871619

Ultrabright X-ray laser scattering for dynamic warm dense matter physics
journal, March 2015


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Characterization of laser-driven proton acceleration from water microdroplets
    journal, November 2019


    Characterization of laser-driven proton acceleration from water microdroplets
    journal, November 2019