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Title: Fast Neutron Detection using Pixelated CdZnTe Spectrometers

Abstract

One important important signature of special nuclear materials (SNM) are fast neutrons. Fast neutrons have a low natural background rate and readily penetrate high atomic number materials which easily shield gamma-ray signatures. Thus, fast neutrons provide a complementary signal to gamma rays for detecting shielded SNM. Scattering kinematics dictate that a large nucleus (such as Cd or Te) will recoil with small kinetic energy after an elastic collision with a fast neutron. Charge carrier recombination and quenching further reduce the recorded energy deposited. Thus, the energy threshold of CdZnTe detectors must be very low in order to sense the small signals from these recoils. Here, the threshold was reduced to less than 5 keVee to demonstrate that the 5.9 keV x-ray line from 55Fe could be separated from electronic noise. Elastic scattering neutron interactions were observed as small energy depositions (less than 20 keVee) using digitally-sampled pulse waveforms from pixelated CdZnTe detectors. Characteristic gamma-ray lines from inelastic neutron scattering were also observed.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1360927
Report Number(s):
SAND-2017-5518J
Journal ID: ISSN 0018-9499; 653592; TRN: US1702180
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000; NA0003525
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 64; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0018-9499
Publisher:
IEEE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; gamma-ray spectrscopy; CdZnTe detectors; special nuclear materials monitoring; neutron detectors; low-energy threshold systems

Citation Formats

Streicher, Michael, Goodman, David, Zhu, Yuefeng, Brown, Steven, Kiff, Scott, and He, Zhong. Fast Neutron Detection using Pixelated CdZnTe Spectrometers. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1109/tns.2017.2709543.
Streicher, Michael, Goodman, David, Zhu, Yuefeng, Brown, Steven, Kiff, Scott, & He, Zhong. Fast Neutron Detection using Pixelated CdZnTe Spectrometers. United States. doi:10.1109/tns.2017.2709543.
Streicher, Michael, Goodman, David, Zhu, Yuefeng, Brown, Steven, Kiff, Scott, and He, Zhong. Mon . "Fast Neutron Detection using Pixelated CdZnTe Spectrometers". United States. doi:10.1109/tns.2017.2709543. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1360927.
@article{osti_1360927,
title = {Fast Neutron Detection using Pixelated CdZnTe Spectrometers},
author = {Streicher, Michael and Goodman, David and Zhu, Yuefeng and Brown, Steven and Kiff, Scott and He, Zhong},
abstractNote = {One important important signature of special nuclear materials (SNM) are fast neutrons. Fast neutrons have a low natural background rate and readily penetrate high atomic number materials which easily shield gamma-ray signatures. Thus, fast neutrons provide a complementary signal to gamma rays for detecting shielded SNM. Scattering kinematics dictate that a large nucleus (such as Cd or Te) will recoil with small kinetic energy after an elastic collision with a fast neutron. Charge carrier recombination and quenching further reduce the recorded energy deposited. Thus, the energy threshold of CdZnTe detectors must be very low in order to sense the small signals from these recoils. Here, the threshold was reduced to less than 5 keVee to demonstrate that the 5.9 keV x-ray line from 55Fe could be separated from electronic noise. Elastic scattering neutron interactions were observed as small energy depositions (less than 20 keVee) using digitally-sampled pulse waveforms from pixelated CdZnTe detectors. Characteristic gamma-ray lines from inelastic neutron scattering were also observed.},
doi = {10.1109/tns.2017.2709543},
journal = {IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science},
number = 7,
volume = 64,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon May 29 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Mon May 29 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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Free Publicly Available Full Text
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