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Title: Ultrafast all-optical tuning of direct-gap semiconductor metasurfaces

Abstract

Optical metasurfaces are regular quasi-planar nanopatterns that can apply diverse spatial and spectral transformations to light waves. But, metasurfaces are no longer adjustable after fabrication, and a critical challenge is to realise a technique of tuning their optical properties that is both fast and efficient. Here, we experimentally realise an ultrafast tunable metasurface consisting of subwavelength gallium arsenide nanoparticles supporting Mie-type resonances in the near infrared. In using transient reflectance spectroscopy, we demonstrate a picosecond-scale absolute reflectance modulation of up to 0.35 at the magnetic dipole resonance of the metasurfaces and a spectral shift of the resonance by 30 nm, both achieved at unprecedentedly low pump fluences of less than 400 μJ cm –2. Our findings thereby enable a versatile tool for ultrafast and efficient control of light using light.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1];  [3];  [2];  [1]
  1. Lomonosov Moscow State Univ. (Russia)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States). Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies
  3. Friedrich Schiller Univ., Jena (Germany). Inst. of Applied Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1360926
Report Number(s):
SAND2017-5522J
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723; PII: 19
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; metamaterials; semiconductors; ultrafast photonics

Citation Formats

Shcherbakov, Maxim R., Liu, Sheng, Zubyuk, Varvara V., Vaskin, Aleksandr, Vabishchevich, Polina P., Keeler, Gordon, Pertsch, Thomas, Dolgova, Tatyana V., Staude, Isabelle, Brener, Igal, and Fedyanin, Andrey A. Ultrafast all-optical tuning of direct-gap semiconductor metasurfaces. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-00019-3.
Shcherbakov, Maxim R., Liu, Sheng, Zubyuk, Varvara V., Vaskin, Aleksandr, Vabishchevich, Polina P., Keeler, Gordon, Pertsch, Thomas, Dolgova, Tatyana V., Staude, Isabelle, Brener, Igal, & Fedyanin, Andrey A. Ultrafast all-optical tuning of direct-gap semiconductor metasurfaces. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-00019-3.
Shcherbakov, Maxim R., Liu, Sheng, Zubyuk, Varvara V., Vaskin, Aleksandr, Vabishchevich, Polina P., Keeler, Gordon, Pertsch, Thomas, Dolgova, Tatyana V., Staude, Isabelle, Brener, Igal, and Fedyanin, Andrey A. 2017. "Ultrafast all-optical tuning of direct-gap semiconductor metasurfaces". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-00019-3. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1360926.
@article{osti_1360926,
title = {Ultrafast all-optical tuning of direct-gap semiconductor metasurfaces},
author = {Shcherbakov, Maxim R. and Liu, Sheng and Zubyuk, Varvara V. and Vaskin, Aleksandr and Vabishchevich, Polina P. and Keeler, Gordon and Pertsch, Thomas and Dolgova, Tatyana V. and Staude, Isabelle and Brener, Igal and Fedyanin, Andrey A.},
abstractNote = {Optical metasurfaces are regular quasi-planar nanopatterns that can apply diverse spatial and spectral transformations to light waves. But, metasurfaces are no longer adjustable after fabrication, and a critical challenge is to realise a technique of tuning their optical properties that is both fast and efficient. Here, we experimentally realise an ultrafast tunable metasurface consisting of subwavelength gallium arsenide nanoparticles supporting Mie-type resonances in the near infrared. In using transient reflectance spectroscopy, we demonstrate a picosecond-scale absolute reflectance modulation of up to 0.35 at the magnetic dipole resonance of the metasurfaces and a spectral shift of the resonance by 30 nm, both achieved at unprecedentedly low pump fluences of less than 400 μJ cm–2. Our findings thereby enable a versatile tool for ultrafast and efficient control of light using light.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-017-00019-3},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = 2017,
month = 5
}

Journal Article:
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