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Title: CODEX weak lensing: concentration of galaxy clusters at z ~ 0.5

Abstract

Here, we present a stacked weak-lensing analysis of 27 richness selected galaxy clusters at 0.40 ≤ z ≤ 0.62 in the COnstrain Dark Energy with X-ray galaxy clusters (CODEX) survey. The fields were observed in five bands with the Canada–France–Hawaii Telescope (CFHT). We measure the stacked surface mass density profile with a 14σ significance in the radial range 0.1 < RMpch -1 < 2.5. The profile is well described by the halo model, with the main halo term following a Navarro–Frenk–White profile (NFW) profile and including the off-centring effect. We select the background sample using a conservative colour–magnitude method to reduce the potential systematic errors and contamination by cluster member galaxies. We perform a Bayesian analysis for the stacked profile and constrain the best-fitting NFW parameters M 200c=6.6$$+1.0\atop{-0.8}$$×10 14h -1 M⊙ and c 200c=3.7$$+0.7\atop{-0.6}$$. The off-centring effect was modelled based on previous observational results found for redMaPPer Sloan Digital Sky Survey clusters. Our constraints on M200c and c200c allow us to investigate the consistency with numerical predictions and select a concentration–mass relation to describe the high richness CODEX sample. Comparing our best-fitting values for M200c and c200c with other observational surveys at different redshifts, we find no evidence for evolution in the concentration–mass relation, though it could be mitigated by particular selection functions. Similar to previous studies investigating the X-ray luminosity–mass relation, our data suggest a lower evolution than expected from self-similarity.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [4];  [11];  [12];  [13];  [14];  [15]
  1. Univ. of Sao Paulo (Brazil). Inst. of Astronomy, Geophysics and Atmospheric Sciences; Ludwig Maximilian Univ., Munich (Germany)
  2. Univ. of Sao Paulo (Brazil). Inst. of Astronomy, Geophysics and Atmospheric Sciences
  3. Max Planck Inst. fur Extraterrestrische Physik, Garching (Germany); National Observatory, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Ludwig Maximilian Univ., Munich (Germany)
  4. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Kavli Inst. for Particle Astrophysics & Cosmology; SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  5. Argelander-Inst. fur Astronomie, Bonn (Germany)
  6. Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  7. Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom). Dept. of Physics
  8. Univ. of Helsinki (Finland). Dept. of Physics; Max Planck Inst. fur Extraterrestrische Physik, Garching (Germany)
  9. Univ. of Helsinki (Finland). Dept. of Physics; Univ. of Helsinki (Finland). Helsinki Inst. of Physics
  10. Inst. for Astronomy, Honolulu, HI (United States)
  11. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States). Dept. of Physics
  12. National Observatory, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Astronomy; Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Eureka Scienti c Inc., Oakland, CA (United States)
  13. Ecole Polytechnique Federale Lausanne (Switzlerland). Lab. d'Astrophysique, Observatoire de Sauverny; Aix-Marseille Univ., and CNRS/IN2P3, Marseille (France). Lab. d'Astrophysique de Marseille
  14. Ecole Polytechnique Federale Lausanne (Switzlerland). Lab. d'Astrophysique, Observatoire de Sauverny
  15. Museum of Astronomy and Related Sciences (MAST), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA)
OSTI Identifier:
1360791
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515; PF 5-160138; ST/N000919/1; PPVE 23038.008197/2012-45
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 468; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gravitational lensing: weak; galaxies: clusters: general; dark matter

Citation Formats

Cibirka, N., Cypriano, E. S., Brimioulle, F., Gruen, D., Erben, T., van Waerbeke, L., Miller, L., Finoguenov, A., Kirkpatrick, C., Henry, J. Patrick, Rykoff, E., Rozo, E., Dupke, R., Kneib, J. -P., Shan, H., and Spinelli, P. CODEX weak lensing: concentration of galaxy clusters at z ~ 0.5. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stx484.
Cibirka, N., Cypriano, E. S., Brimioulle, F., Gruen, D., Erben, T., van Waerbeke, L., Miller, L., Finoguenov, A., Kirkpatrick, C., Henry, J. Patrick, Rykoff, E., Rozo, E., Dupke, R., Kneib, J. -P., Shan, H., & Spinelli, P. CODEX weak lensing: concentration of galaxy clusters at z ~ 0.5. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stx484.
Cibirka, N., Cypriano, E. S., Brimioulle, F., Gruen, D., Erben, T., van Waerbeke, L., Miller, L., Finoguenov, A., Kirkpatrick, C., Henry, J. Patrick, Rykoff, E., Rozo, E., Dupke, R., Kneib, J. -P., Shan, H., and Spinelli, P. Sat . "CODEX weak lensing: concentration of galaxy clusters at z ~ 0.5". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stx484. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1360791.
@article{osti_1360791,
title = {CODEX weak lensing: concentration of galaxy clusters at z ~ 0.5},
author = {Cibirka, N. and Cypriano, E. S. and Brimioulle, F. and Gruen, D. and Erben, T. and van Waerbeke, L. and Miller, L. and Finoguenov, A. and Kirkpatrick, C. and Henry, J. Patrick and Rykoff, E. and Rozo, E. and Dupke, R. and Kneib, J. -P. and Shan, H. and Spinelli, P.},
abstractNote = {Here, we present a stacked weak-lensing analysis of 27 richness selected galaxy clusters at 0.40 ≤ z ≤ 0.62 in the COnstrain Dark Energy with X-ray galaxy clusters (CODEX) survey. The fields were observed in five bands with the Canada–France–Hawaii Telescope (CFHT). We measure the stacked surface mass density profile with a 14σ significance in the radial range 0.1 < RMpch-1 < 2.5. The profile is well described by the halo model, with the main halo term following a Navarro–Frenk–White profile (NFW) profile and including the off-centring effect. We select the background sample using a conservative colour–magnitude method to reduce the potential systematic errors and contamination by cluster member galaxies. We perform a Bayesian analysis for the stacked profile and constrain the best-fitting NFW parameters M200c=6.6$+1.0\atop{-0.8}$×1014h-1 M⊙ and c200c=3.7$+0.7\atop{-0.6}$. The off-centring effect was modelled based on previous observational results found for redMaPPer Sloan Digital Sky Survey clusters. Our constraints on M200c and c200c allow us to investigate the consistency with numerical predictions and select a concentration–mass relation to describe the high richness CODEX sample. Comparing our best-fitting values for M200c and c200c with other observational surveys at different redshifts, we find no evidence for evolution in the concentration–mass relation, though it could be mitigated by particular selection functions. Similar to previous studies investigating the X-ray luminosity–mass relation, our data suggest a lower evolution than expected from self-similarity.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stx484},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 1,
volume = 468,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Mar 04 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Sat Mar 04 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

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