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Title: Clustering and pasta phases in nuclear density functional theory

Abstract

Nuclear density functional theory is the tool of choice in describing properties of complex nuclei and intricate phases of bulk nucleonic matter. It is a microscopic approach based on an energy density functional representing the nuclear interaction. An attractive feature of nuclear DFT is that it can be applied to both finite nuclei and pasta phases appearing in the inner crust of neutron stars. While nuclear pasta clusters in a neutron star can be easily characterized through their density distributions, the level of clustering of nucleons in a nucleus can often be difficult to assess. To this end, we use the concept of nucleon localization. We demonstrate that the localization measure provides us with fingerprints of clusters in light and heavy nuclei, including fissioning systems. Furthermore we investigate the rod-like pasta phase using twist-averaged boundary conditions, which enable calculations in finite volumes accessible by state of the art DFT solvers.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). FRIB Lab.
  2. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). FRIB Lab., Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Univ. of Warsaw (Poland)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1358656
Grant/Contract Number:
NA0002847; SC0013365; SC0008511
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IJMPE, special-topics issue on Nuclear Particle Correlations and Cluster Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: IJMPE, special-topics issue on Nuclear Particle Correlations and Cluster Physics
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Schuetrumpf, Bastian, Zhang, Chunli, and Nazarewicz, Witold. Clustering and pasta phases in nuclear density functional theory. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1142/9789813209350_0005.
Schuetrumpf, Bastian, Zhang, Chunli, & Nazarewicz, Witold. Clustering and pasta phases in nuclear density functional theory. United States. doi:10.1142/9789813209350_0005.
Schuetrumpf, Bastian, Zhang, Chunli, and Nazarewicz, Witold. Tue . "Clustering and pasta phases in nuclear density functional theory". United States. doi:10.1142/9789813209350_0005.
@article{osti_1358656,
title = {Clustering and pasta phases in nuclear density functional theory},
author = {Schuetrumpf, Bastian and Zhang, Chunli and Nazarewicz, Witold},
abstractNote = {Nuclear density functional theory is the tool of choice in describing properties of complex nuclei and intricate phases of bulk nucleonic matter. It is a microscopic approach based on an energy density functional representing the nuclear interaction. An attractive feature of nuclear DFT is that it can be applied to both finite nuclei and pasta phases appearing in the inner crust of neutron stars. While nuclear pasta clusters in a neutron star can be easily characterized through their density distributions, the level of clustering of nucleons in a nucleus can often be difficult to assess. To this end, we use the concept of nucleon localization. We demonstrate that the localization measure provides us with fingerprints of clusters in light and heavy nuclei, including fissioning systems. Furthermore we investigate the rod-like pasta phase using twist-averaged boundary conditions, which enable calculations in finite volumes accessible by state of the art DFT solvers.},
doi = {10.1142/9789813209350_0005},
journal = {IJMPE, special-topics issue on Nuclear Particle Correlations and Cluster Physics},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue May 23 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Tue May 23 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on May 23, 2018
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