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Title: The gravity dual of Rényi entropy

Abstract

A remarkable yet mysterious property of black holes is that their entropy is proportional to the horizon area. This area law inspired the holographic principle, which was later realized concretely in gauge-gravity duality. In this context, entanglement entropy is given by the area of a minimal surface in a dual spacetime. However, discussions of area laws have been constrained to entanglement entropy, whereas a full understanding of a quantum state requires Re´nyi entropies. Here we show that all Rényi entropies satisfy a similar area law in holographic theories and are given by the areas of dual cosmic branes. This geometric prescription is a one-parameter generalization of the minimal surface prescription for entanglement entropy. Applying this we provide the first holographic calculation of mutual Re´nyi information between two disks of arbitrary dimension. Our results provide a framework for efficiently studying Re´nyi entropies and understanding entanglement structures in strongly coupled systems and quantum gravity.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Inst. for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ (United States). School of Natural Sciences
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1358548
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0009988
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Dong, Xi. The gravity dual of Rényi entropy. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1038/ncomms12472.
Dong, Xi. The gravity dual of Rényi entropy. United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms12472.
Dong, Xi. 2016. "The gravity dual of Rényi entropy". United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms12472. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1358548.
@article{osti_1358548,
title = {The gravity dual of Rényi entropy},
author = {Dong, Xi},
abstractNote = {A remarkable yet mysterious property of black holes is that their entropy is proportional to the horizon area. This area law inspired the holographic principle, which was later realized concretely in gauge-gravity duality. In this context, entanglement entropy is given by the area of a minimal surface in a dual spacetime. However, discussions of area laws have been constrained to entanglement entropy, whereas a full understanding of a quantum state requires Re´nyi entropies. Here we show that all Rényi entropies satisfy a similar area law in holographic theories and are given by the areas of dual cosmic branes. This geometric prescription is a one-parameter generalization of the minimal surface prescription for entanglement entropy. Applying this we provide the first holographic calculation of mutual Re´nyi information between two disks of arbitrary dimension. Our results provide a framework for efficiently studying Re´nyi entropies and understanding entanglement structures in strongly coupled systems and quantum gravity.},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms12472},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = ,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 8
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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  • We present a holographic method for computing the response of Rényi entropies in conformal field theories to small shape deformations around a flat (or spherical) entangling surface. Our strategy employs the stress tensor one-point function in a deformed hyperboloid background and relates it to the coefficient in the two-point function of the displacement operator. We obtain explicit numerical results for d = 3, · · · , 6 spacetime dimensions, and also evaluate analytically the limits where the Rényi index approaches 1 and 0 in general dimensions. We use our results to extend the work of 1602.08493 and disprove amore » set of conjectures in the literature regarding the relation between the Rényi shape dependence and the conformal weight of the twist operator. As a result, we also extend our analysis beyond leading order in derivatives in the bulk theory by studying Gauss-Bonnet gravity.« less
  • We show that a recent definition of relative Rényi entropy is monotone under completely positive, trace preserving maps. This proves a recent conjecture of Müller-Lennert et al. [“On quantum Rényi entropies: A new definition, some properties,” J. Math. Phys. 54, 122203 (2013); e-print http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1306.3142v1 ; see also e-print http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1306.3142 ].
  • We show that a recent definition of relative Rényi entropy is monotone under completely positive, trace preserving maps. This proves a recent conjecture of Müller-Lennert et al. [“On quantum Rényi entropies: A new definition, some properties,” J. Math. Phys. 54, 122203 (2013); e-print http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1306.3142v1 ; see also e-print http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1306.3142 ].