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Title: Real Time Optimal Control of Supercapacitor Operation for Frequency Response

Abstract

Supercapacitors are gaining wider applications in power systems due to fast dynamic response. Utilizing supercapacitors by means of power electronics interfaces for power compensation is a proven effective technique. For applications such as requency restoration if the cost of supercapacitors maintenance as well as the energy loss on the power electronics interfaces are addressed. It is infeasible to use traditional optimization control methods to mitigate the impacts of frequent cycling. This paper proposes a Front End Controller (FEC) using Generalized Predictive Control featuring real time receding optimization. The optimization constraints are based on cost and thermal management to enhance to the utilization efficiency of supercapacitors. A rigorous mathematical derivation is conducted and test results acquired from Digital Real Time Simulator are provided to demonstrate effectiveness.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1358194
Report Number(s):
INL/CON-15-37197
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, Boston, MA, July 17–21, 2016
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; front end controller; generalized predictive control; Real Time Digital Simulator; receding optimization; supercapacitors

Citation Formats

Luo, Yusheng, Panwar, Mayank, Mohanpurkar, Manish, and Hovsapian, Rob. Real Time Optimal Control of Supercapacitor Operation for Frequency Response. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2016.7742036.
Luo, Yusheng, Panwar, Mayank, Mohanpurkar, Manish, & Hovsapian, Rob. Real Time Optimal Control of Supercapacitor Operation for Frequency Response. United States. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2016.7742036.
Luo, Yusheng, Panwar, Mayank, Mohanpurkar, Manish, and Hovsapian, Rob. Fri . "Real Time Optimal Control of Supercapacitor Operation for Frequency Response". United States. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2016.7742036. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1358194.
@article{osti_1358194,
title = {Real Time Optimal Control of Supercapacitor Operation for Frequency Response},
author = {Luo, Yusheng and Panwar, Mayank and Mohanpurkar, Manish and Hovsapian, Rob},
abstractNote = {Supercapacitors are gaining wider applications in power systems due to fast dynamic response. Utilizing supercapacitors by means of power electronics interfaces for power compensation is a proven effective technique. For applications such as requency restoration if the cost of supercapacitors maintenance as well as the energy loss on the power electronics interfaces are addressed. It is infeasible to use traditional optimization control methods to mitigate the impacts of frequent cycling. This paper proposes a Front End Controller (FEC) using Generalized Predictive Control featuring real time receding optimization. The optimization constraints are based on cost and thermal management to enhance to the utilization efficiency of supercapacitors. A rigorous mathematical derivation is conducted and test results acquired from Digital Real Time Simulator are provided to demonstrate effectiveness.},
doi = {10.1109/PESGM.2016.7742036},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Fri Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}

Conference:
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