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Title: Characterizing U.S. Heat Demand Market for Potential Application of Geothermal Direct Use

Abstract

In this paper, we assess the U.S. demand for low-temperature thermal energy at the county resolution for four major end-use sectors: residential buildings, commercial buildings, manufacturing facilities, and agricultural facilities. Existing, publicly available data on the U.S. thermal demand market are characterized by coarse spatial resolution, with assessments typically at the state-level or larger. For many uses, these data are sufficient; however, our research was motivated by an interest in assessing the potential demand for direct use (DU) of low-temperature (30 degrees to 150 degrees C) geothermal heat. The availability and quality of geothermal resources for DU applications are highly spatially heterogeneous; therefore, to assess the potential market for these resources, it is necessary to understand the spatial variation in demand for low-temperature resources at a local resolution. This paper presents the datasets and methods we used to develop county-level estimates of the thermal demand for the residential, commercial, manufacturing, and agricultural sectors. Although this analysis was motivated by an interest in geothermal energy deployment, the results are likely to have broader applications throughout the energy industry. The county-resolution thermal demand data developed in this study for four major U.S. sectors may have far-reaching implications for building technologies, industrial processes,more » and various distributed renewable energy thermal resources (e.g. biomass, solar).« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Geothermal Technologies Office (EE-4G)
OSTI Identifier:
1357947
Report Number(s):
NREL/CP-6A20-68522
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Presented at the Geothermal Resources Council Annual Meeting (GRC 2016), 23-26 October 2016, Sacramento, California
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
15 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; direct use; low-temperature; geothermal; heat demand; heat market; thermal demand; end-use; residential; commercial; manufacturing; agricultural; Geothermal Vision Study; GeoVision

Citation Formats

McCabe, Kevin, Gleason, Michael, Reber, Tim, and Young, Katherine R. Characterizing U.S. Heat Demand Market for Potential Application of Geothermal Direct Use. United States: N. p., 2017. Web.
McCabe, Kevin, Gleason, Michael, Reber, Tim, & Young, Katherine R. Characterizing U.S. Heat Demand Market for Potential Application of Geothermal Direct Use. United States.
McCabe, Kevin, Gleason, Michael, Reber, Tim, and Young, Katherine R. Mon . "Characterizing U.S. Heat Demand Market for Potential Application of Geothermal Direct Use". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_1357947,
title = {Characterizing U.S. Heat Demand Market for Potential Application of Geothermal Direct Use},
author = {McCabe, Kevin and Gleason, Michael and Reber, Tim and Young, Katherine R.},
abstractNote = {In this paper, we assess the U.S. demand for low-temperature thermal energy at the county resolution for four major end-use sectors: residential buildings, commercial buildings, manufacturing facilities, and agricultural facilities. Existing, publicly available data on the U.S. thermal demand market are characterized by coarse spatial resolution, with assessments typically at the state-level or larger. For many uses, these data are sufficient; however, our research was motivated by an interest in assessing the potential demand for direct use (DU) of low-temperature (30 degrees to 150 degrees C) geothermal heat. The availability and quality of geothermal resources for DU applications are highly spatially heterogeneous; therefore, to assess the potential market for these resources, it is necessary to understand the spatial variation in demand for low-temperature resources at a local resolution. This paper presents the datasets and methods we used to develop county-level estimates of the thermal demand for the residential, commercial, manufacturing, and agricultural sectors. Although this analysis was motivated by an interest in geothermal energy deployment, the results are likely to have broader applications throughout the energy industry. The county-resolution thermal demand data developed in this study for four major U.S. sectors may have far-reaching implications for building technologies, industrial processes, and various distributed renewable energy thermal resources (e.g. biomass, solar).},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Mon May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Conference:
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