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Title: Black carbon emissions in Russia: A critical review

Abstract

Here, this study presents a comprehensive review of estimated black carbon (BC) emissions in Russia from a range of studies. Russia has an important role regarding BC emissions given the extent of its territory above the Arctic Circle, where BC emissions have a particularly pronounced effect on the climate. We assess underlying methodologies and data sources for each major emissions source based on their level of detail, accuracy and extent to which they represent current conditions. We then present reference values for each major emissions source. In the case of flaring, the study presents new estimates drawing on data on Russia's associated petroleum gas and the most recent satellite data on flaring. We also present estimates of organic carbon (OC) for each source, either based on the reference studies or from our own calculations. In addition, the study provides uncertainty estimates for each source. Total BC emissions are estimated at 688 Gg in 2014, with an uncertainty range 401 Gg-1453 Gg, while OC emissions are 9224 Gg with uncertainty ranging between 5596 Gg and 14,736 Gg. Wildfires dominated and contributed about 83% of the total BC emissions: however, the effect on radiative forcing is mitigated in part by OC emissions.more » We also present an adjusted estimate of Arctic forcing from Russia's BC and OC emissions. In recent years, Russia has pursued policies to reduce flaring and limit particulate emissions from on-road transport, both of which appear to significantly contribute to the lower emissions and forcing values found in this study.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [5]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  2. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. (United States)
  3. Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States)
  4. U.S. Forest Service, Missoula, MT (United States)
  5. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1357802
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1397806
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-120649
Journal ID: ISSN 1352-2310; PII: S1352231017303278
Grant/Contract Number:  
DW-089924383; AC05-76RL01830; AC05-76RL01831
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Atmospheric Environment (1994)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Atmospheric Environment (1994); Journal Volume: 163; Journal ID: ISSN 1352-2310
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; black carbon; organic carbon; Russia; emission inventory; radiative forcing

Citation Formats

Evans, Meredydd, Kholod, Nazar, Kuklinski, Teresa, Denysenko, Artur, Smith, Steven J., Staniszewski, Aaron, Hao, Wei Min, Liu, Liang, and Bond, Tami C.. Black carbon emissions in Russia: A critical review. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.05.026.
Evans, Meredydd, Kholod, Nazar, Kuklinski, Teresa, Denysenko, Artur, Smith, Steven J., Staniszewski, Aaron, Hao, Wei Min, Liu, Liang, & Bond, Tami C.. Black carbon emissions in Russia: A critical review. United States. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.05.026.
Evans, Meredydd, Kholod, Nazar, Kuklinski, Teresa, Denysenko, Artur, Smith, Steven J., Staniszewski, Aaron, Hao, Wei Min, Liu, Liang, and Bond, Tami C.. Thu . "Black carbon emissions in Russia: A critical review". United States. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.05.026. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1357802.
@article{osti_1357802,
title = {Black carbon emissions in Russia: A critical review},
author = {Evans, Meredydd and Kholod, Nazar and Kuklinski, Teresa and Denysenko, Artur and Smith, Steven J. and Staniszewski, Aaron and Hao, Wei Min and Liu, Liang and Bond, Tami C.},
abstractNote = {Here, this study presents a comprehensive review of estimated black carbon (BC) emissions in Russia from a range of studies. Russia has an important role regarding BC emissions given the extent of its territory above the Arctic Circle, where BC emissions have a particularly pronounced effect on the climate. We assess underlying methodologies and data sources for each major emissions source based on their level of detail, accuracy and extent to which they represent current conditions. We then present reference values for each major emissions source. In the case of flaring, the study presents new estimates drawing on data on Russia's associated petroleum gas and the most recent satellite data on flaring. We also present estimates of organic carbon (OC) for each source, either based on the reference studies or from our own calculations. In addition, the study provides uncertainty estimates for each source. Total BC emissions are estimated at 688 Gg in 2014, with an uncertainty range 401 Gg-1453 Gg, while OC emissions are 9224 Gg with uncertainty ranging between 5596 Gg and 14,736 Gg. Wildfires dominated and contributed about 83% of the total BC emissions: however, the effect on radiative forcing is mitigated in part by OC emissions. We also present an adjusted estimate of Arctic forcing from Russia's BC and OC emissions. In recent years, Russia has pursued policies to reduce flaring and limit particulate emissions from on-road transport, both of which appear to significantly contribute to the lower emissions and forcing values found in this study.},
doi = {10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.05.026},
journal = {Atmospheric Environment (1994)},
number = ,
volume = 163,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu May 18 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Thu May 18 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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