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Title: Extraction chromatographic separations of tantalum and tungsten from hafnium and complex matrix constituents

Abstract

Ta, Hf, and W analyses from complex matrices (including environmental samples) require high purification of these analytes from each other and major/trace matrix constituents, but, current state-of-the-art Ta/Hf/W separations rely on traditional anion exchange approaches that suffer from relatively similar distribution coefficient (Kd) values for these analytes. Our work reports assessment of three commercially available extraction chromatographic resins (TEVA, TRU, and UTEVA) for Ta/Hf/W separations. Batch contact studies show differences in Ta/W,Hf Kd values of up to 10 6, representing an improvement of a factor of 100 and 300 in Ta/Hf and Ta/W Kd values (respectively) over AG1x4 resin. Furthermore, variations in the Kd values as a function of HCl concentration for TRU resin show that this resin is well suited for Ta/Hf/W separations, with Ta/Hf, Ta/W, and W/Hf Kd value improvements of 10, 200, and 30 (respectively) over AG1x4 resin. Finally, analyses of digested soil samples (NIST 2710a) using TRU resin and tandem TEVA-TRU columns demonstrate the ability to achieve extremely high purification (>99%) of Ta and W from each other and Hf, as well as enabling very high purification of Ta and W from the major and trace elemental constituents present in soils, using a single chromatographic step.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
  2. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
OSTI Identifier:
1357615
Report Number(s):
INL/JOU-16-38216
Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9673; PII: S0021967317300547
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC07-05ID14517; IAA HDTRA1618618
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Chromatography
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1484; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9673
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
07 ISOTOPE AND RADIATION SOURCES; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; Anion Exchange; Separation; Tantalum; TEVA; TRU; Tungsten

Citation Formats

Snow, Mathew S., Finck, Martha R., Carney, Kevin P., and Morrison, Samuel S.. Extraction chromatographic separations of tantalum and tungsten from hafnium and complex matrix constituents. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.chroma.2017.01.019.
Snow, Mathew S., Finck, Martha R., Carney, Kevin P., & Morrison, Samuel S.. Extraction chromatographic separations of tantalum and tungsten from hafnium and complex matrix constituents. United States. doi:10.1016/j.chroma.2017.01.019.
Snow, Mathew S., Finck, Martha R., Carney, Kevin P., and Morrison, Samuel S.. Sun . "Extraction chromatographic separations of tantalum and tungsten from hafnium and complex matrix constituents". United States. doi:10.1016/j.chroma.2017.01.019. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1357615.
@article{osti_1357615,
title = {Extraction chromatographic separations of tantalum and tungsten from hafnium and complex matrix constituents},
author = {Snow, Mathew S. and Finck, Martha R. and Carney, Kevin P. and Morrison, Samuel S.},
abstractNote = {Ta, Hf, and W analyses from complex matrices (including environmental samples) require high purification of these analytes from each other and major/trace matrix constituents, but, current state-of-the-art Ta/Hf/W separations rely on traditional anion exchange approaches that suffer from relatively similar distribution coefficient (Kd) values for these analytes. Our work reports assessment of three commercially available extraction chromatographic resins (TEVA, TRU, and UTEVA) for Ta/Hf/W separations. Batch contact studies show differences in Ta/W,Hf Kd values of up to 106, representing an improvement of a factor of 100 and 300 in Ta/Hf and Ta/W Kd values (respectively) over AG1x4 resin. Furthermore, variations in the Kd values as a function of HCl concentration for TRU resin show that this resin is well suited for Ta/Hf/W separations, with Ta/Hf, Ta/W, and W/Hf Kd value improvements of 10, 200, and 30 (respectively) over AG1x4 resin. Finally, analyses of digested soil samples (NIST 2710a) using TRU resin and tandem TEVA-TRU columns demonstrate the ability to achieve extremely high purification (>99%) of Ta and W from each other and Hf, as well as enabling very high purification of Ta and W from the major and trace elemental constituents present in soils, using a single chromatographic step.},
doi = {10.1016/j.chroma.2017.01.019},
journal = {Journal of Chromatography},
number = C,
volume = 1484,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jan 08 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Sun Jan 08 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

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