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Title: Radio and γ-ray Constraints on the Emission Geometry and Birthplace of PSR J2043+2740

Abstract

We report on the first year of Fermi γ-ray observations of pulsed high-energy emission from the old PSR J2043 + 2740. The study of the γ-ray efficiency of such old pulsars gives us an insight into the evolution of pulsars' ability to emit in γ rays as they age. The γ-ray light curve of this pulsar above 0.1 GeV is clearly defined by two sharp peaks, 0.353 ± 0.035 periods apart. We have combined the γ-ray profile characteristics of PSR J2043 + 2740 with the geometrical properties of the pulsar's radio emission, derived from radio-polarization data, and constrained the pulsar-beam geometry in the framework of a two-pole caustic (TPC) and an outer gap (OG) model. The ranges of magnetic inclination and viewing angle were determined to be {α, ζ} ~ {52°-57°, 61°-68°} for the TPC model, and {α, ζ} ~ {62°-73°, 74°-81°} and {α, ζ} ~ {72°-83°, 60°-75°} for the OG model. Based on this geometry, we assess possible birth locations for this pulsar and derive a likely proper motion, sufficiently high to be measurable with VLBI. At a characteristic age of 1.2 Myr, PSR J2043 + 2740 is the third oldest of all discovered, non-recycled, γ-ray pulsars: it ismore » twice as old as the next oldest, PSR J0357 + 32, and younger only than the recently discovered PSR J1836 + 5925 and PSR J2055 + 25, both of which are at least five and ten times less energetic, respectively.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
The Fermi LAT Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1357265
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 728; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gamma rays; stars; pulsars; individual (PSR J2043 + 2740)

Citation Formats

Noutsos, A., Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Baring, M. G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Bonamente, E., Borgland, A. W., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Busetto, G., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Camilo, F., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Cecchi, C., Çelik, Ö., Chaty, S., Chekhtman, A., Chiang, J., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cognard, I., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Colafrancesco, S., Cutini, S., Dermer, C. D., de Palma, F., Drell, P. S., Dumora, D., Ea, C. M., Favuzzi, C., Ferrara, E. C., Focke, W. B., Frailis, M., Freire, P. C. C., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Germani, S., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Godfrey, G., Grandi, P., Grenier, I. A., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Harding, A. K., Hughes, R. E., Jackson, M. S., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, T. J., Johnson, W. N., Johnston, S., Kamae, T., Katagiri, H., Kataoka, J., Knödlseder, J., Kramer, M., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Lee, S. -H., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Lyne, A. G., Makeev, A., Marelli, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Mehault, J., Michelson, P. F., Mizuno, T., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Naumann-Godo, M., Nolan, P. L., Nuss, E., Ohsugi, T., Okumura, A., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Panetta, J. H., Parent, D., Pelassa, V., Pepe, M., Persic, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Ray, P. S., Razzano, M., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Romani, R. W., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Sander, A., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Stappers, B. W., Strickman, M. S., Suson, D. J., Takahashi, H., Tanaka, T., Theureau, G., Thompson, D. J., Thorsett, S. E., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Tramacere, A., Usher, T. L., Vandenbroucke, J., Vianello, G., Vilchez, N., Villata, M., Vitale, V., von Kienlin, A., Waite, A. P., Wang, P., Watters, K., Weltevrede, P., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., and Ziegler, M. Radio and γ-ray Constraints on the Emission Geometry and Birthplace of PSR J2043+2740. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/728/2/77.
Noutsos, A., Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Baring, M. G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Bonamente, E., Borgland, A. W., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Busetto, G., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Camilo, F., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Cecchi, C., Çelik, Ö., Chaty, S., Chekhtman, A., Chiang, J., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cognard, I., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Colafrancesco, S., Cutini, S., Dermer, C. D., de Palma, F., Drell, P. S., Dumora, D., Ea, C. M., Favuzzi, C., Ferrara, E. C., Focke, W. B., Frailis, M., Freire, P. C. C., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Germani, S., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Godfrey, G., Grandi, P., Grenier, I. A., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Harding, A. K., Hughes, R. E., Jackson, M. S., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, T. J., Johnson, W. N., Johnston, S., Kamae, T., Katagiri, H., Kataoka, J., Knödlseder, J., Kramer, M., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Lee, S. -H., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Lyne, A. G., Makeev, A., Marelli, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Mehault, J., Michelson, P. F., Mizuno, T., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Naumann-Godo, M., Nolan, P. L., Nuss, E., Ohsugi, T., Okumura, A., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Panetta, J. H., Parent, D., Pelassa, V., Pepe, M., Persic, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Ray, P. S., Razzano, M., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Romani, R. W., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Sander, A., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Stappers, B. W., Strickman, M. S., Suson, D. J., Takahashi, H., Tanaka, T., Theureau, G., Thompson, D. J., Thorsett, S. E., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Tramacere, A., Usher, T. L., Vandenbroucke, J., Vianello, G., Vilchez, N., Villata, M., Vitale, V., von Kienlin, A., Waite, A. P., Wang, P., Watters, K., Weltevrede, P., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., & Ziegler, M. Radio and γ-ray Constraints on the Emission Geometry and Birthplace of PSR J2043+2740. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/728/2/77
Noutsos, A., Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Baring, M. G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Bonamente, E., Borgland, A. W., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Busetto, G., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Camilo, F., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Cecchi, C., Çelik, Ö., Chaty, S., Chekhtman, A., Chiang, J., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cognard, I., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Colafrancesco, S., Cutini, S., Dermer, C. D., de Palma, F., Drell, P. S., Dumora, D., Ea, C. M., Favuzzi, C., Ferrara, E. C., Focke, W. B., Frailis, M., Freire, P. C. C., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Germani, S., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Godfrey, G., Grandi, P., Grenier, I. A., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Harding, A. K., Hughes, R. E., Jackson, M. S., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, T. J., Johnson, W. N., Johnston, S., Kamae, T., Katagiri, H., Kataoka, J., Knödlseder, J., Kramer, M., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Lee, S. -H., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Lyne, A. G., Makeev, A., Marelli, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Mehault, J., Michelson, P. F., Mizuno, T., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Naumann-Godo, M., Nolan, P. L., Nuss, E., Ohsugi, T., Okumura, A., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Panetta, J. H., Parent, D., Pelassa, V., Pepe, M., Persic, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Ray, P. S., Razzano, M., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Romani, R. W., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Sander, A., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Stappers, B. W., Strickman, M. S., Suson, D. J., Takahashi, H., Tanaka, T., Theureau, G., Thompson, D. J., Thorsett, S. E., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Tramacere, A., Usher, T. L., Vandenbroucke, J., Vianello, G., Vilchez, N., Villata, M., Vitale, V., von Kienlin, A., Waite, A. P., Wang, P., Watters, K., Weltevrede, P., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., and Ziegler, M. Mon . "Radio and γ-ray Constraints on the Emission Geometry and Birthplace of PSR J2043+2740". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/728/2/77. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1357265.
@article{osti_1357265,
title = {Radio and γ-ray Constraints on the Emission Geometry and Birthplace of PSR J2043+2740},
author = {Noutsos, A. and Abdo, A. A. and Ackermann, M. and Ajello, M. and Ballet, J. and Barbiellini, G. and Baring, M. G. and Bastieri, D. and Bechtol, K. and Bellazzini, R. and Berenji, B. and Bonamente, E. and Borgland, A. W. and Bregeon, J. and Brez, A. and Brigida, M. and Bruel, P. and Buehler, R. and Busetto, G. and Caliandro, G. A. and Cameron, R. A. and Camilo, F. and Caraveo, P. A. and Casandjian, J. M. and Cecchi, C. and Çelik, Ö. and Chaty, S. and Chekhtman, A. and Chiang, J. and Ciprini, S. and Claus, R. and Cognard, I. and Cohen-Tanugi, J. and Colafrancesco, S. and Cutini, S. and Dermer, C. D. and de Palma, F. and Drell, P. S. and Dumora, D. and Ea, C. M. and Favuzzi, C. and Ferrara, E. C. and Focke, W. B. and Frailis, M. and Freire, P. C. C. and Fukazawa, Y. and Funk, S. and Fusco, P. and Gargano, F. and Germani, S. and Giglietto, N. and Giordano, F. and Giroletti, M. and Godfrey, G. and Grandi, P. and Grenier, I. A. and Grove, J. E. and Guillemot, L. and Guiriec, S. and Harding, A. K. and Hughes, R. E. and Jackson, M. S. and Jóhannesson, G. and Johnson, A. S. and Johnson, T. J. and Johnson, W. N. and Johnston, S. and Kamae, T. and Katagiri, H. and Kataoka, J. and Knödlseder, J. and Kramer, M. and Kuss, M. and Lande, J. and Lee, S. -H. and Longo, F. and Loparco, F. and Lovellette, M. N. and Lubrano, P. and Lyne, A. G. and Makeev, A. and Marelli, M. and Mazziotta, M. N. and McEnery, J. E. and Mehault, J. and Michelson, P. F. and Mizuno, T. and Monte, C. and Monzani, M. E. and Morselli, A. and Moskalenko, I. V. and Murgia, S. and Naumann-Godo, M. and Nolan, P. L. and Nuss, E. and Ohsugi, T. and Okumura, A. and Omodei, N. and Orlando, E. and Ormes, J. F. and Panetta, J. H. and Parent, D. and Pelassa, V. and Pepe, M. and Persic, M. and Pesce-Rollins, M. and Piron, F. and Porter, T. A. and Rainò, S. and Ray, P. S. and Razzano, M. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Reposeur, T. and Romani, R. W. and Sadrozinski, H. F. -W. and Sander, A. and Saz Parkinson, P. M. and Sgrò, C. and Siskind, E. J. and Smith, D. A. and Smith, P. D. and Spandre, G. and Spinelli, P. and Stappers, B. W. and Strickman, M. S. and Suson, D. J. and Takahashi, H. and Tanaka, T. and Theureau, G. and Thompson, D. J. and Thorsett, S. E. and Tibolla, O. and Torres, D. F. and Tramacere, A. and Usher, T. L. and Vandenbroucke, J. and Vianello, G. and Vilchez, N. and Villata, M. and Vitale, V. and von Kienlin, A. and Waite, A. P. and Wang, P. and Watters, K. and Weltevrede, P. and Winer, B. L. and Wood, K. S. and Ziegler, M.},
abstractNote = {We report on the first year of Fermi γ-ray observations of pulsed high-energy emission from the old PSR J2043 + 2740. The study of the γ-ray efficiency of such old pulsars gives us an insight into the evolution of pulsars' ability to emit in γ rays as they age. The γ-ray light curve of this pulsar above 0.1 GeV is clearly defined by two sharp peaks, 0.353 ± 0.035 periods apart. We have combined the γ-ray profile characteristics of PSR J2043 + 2740 with the geometrical properties of the pulsar's radio emission, derived from radio-polarization data, and constrained the pulsar-beam geometry in the framework of a two-pole caustic (TPC) and an outer gap (OG) model. The ranges of magnetic inclination and viewing angle were determined to be {α, ζ} ~ {52°-57°, 61°-68°} for the TPC model, and {α, ζ} ~ {62°-73°, 74°-81°} and {α, ζ} ~ {72°-83°, 60°-75°} for the OG model. Based on this geometry, we assess possible birth locations for this pulsar and derive a likely proper motion, sufficiently high to be measurable with VLBI. At a characteristic age of 1.2 Myr, PSR J2043 + 2740 is the third oldest of all discovered, non-recycled, γ-ray pulsars: it is twice as old as the next oldest, PSR J0357 + 32, and younger only than the recently discovered PSR J1836 + 5925 and PSR J2055 + 25, both of which are at least five and ten times less energetic, respectively.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/728/2/77},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1357265}, journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 2,
volume = 728,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {1}
}

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Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: Polarization profile of PSR J2043+2740, at 1.4 GHz, from a 45-minute integration with the Effelsberg radio telescope. Bottom panel: profiles of the total intensity (black, solid line), linearly polarized intensity (red line) and circularly polarized intensity (blue line). Top panel: PA profile (black error bars). The grey dashedmore » line denotes the rotational phase at the minimum approach of the line-of-sight to the magnetic pole (i.e. $$\phi$$ 0). The uncertainty on $$\phi$$ 0 is shown with a horizontal error-bar.« less

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Works referenced in this record:

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Observations of one young and three middle-aged γ-ray pulsarswith the Gran Telescopio Canarias
    journal, April 2018


    No Pulsar Wind Nebula in the Southern Blowout Region of the Cygnus Loop
    journal, September 2019


      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.