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Title: Analyzing the threat of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) to nuclear facilities

Abstract

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) are among the major growing technologies that have many beneficial applications, yet they can also pose a significant threat. Recently, several incidents occurred with UAVs violating privacy of the public and security of sensitive facilities, including several nuclear power plants in France. The threat of UAVs to the security of nuclear facilities is of great importance and is the focus of this work. This paper presents an overview of UAV technology and classification, as well as its applications and potential threats. We show several examples of recent security incidents involving UAVs in France, USA, and United Arab Emirates. Further, the potential threats to nuclear facilities and measures to prevent them are evaluated. The importance of measures for detection, delay, and response (neutralization) of UAVs at nuclear facilities are discussed. An overview of existing technologies along with their strength and weaknesses are shown. Finally, the results of a gap analysis in existing approaches and technologies is presented in the form of potential technological and procedural areas for research and development. Furthermore based on this analysis, directions for future work in the field can be devised and prioritized.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Khalifa Univ., Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates); Gulf Nuclear Energy Infrastructure Institute (GNEII), Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  3. Khalifa Univ., Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates)
  4. Virginia Commonwealth Univ., Richmond, VA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1356834
Report Number(s):
SAND2017-3408J
Journal ID: ISSN 0955-1662; 652157
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Security Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 31; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0955-1662
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; 21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS

Citation Formats

Solodov, Alexander, Williams, Adam, Al Hanaei, Sara, and Goddard, Braden. Analyzing the threat of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) to nuclear facilities. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1057/s41284-017-0102-5.
Solodov, Alexander, Williams, Adam, Al Hanaei, Sara, & Goddard, Braden. Analyzing the threat of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) to nuclear facilities. United States. doi:10.1057/s41284-017-0102-5.
Solodov, Alexander, Williams, Adam, Al Hanaei, Sara, and Goddard, Braden. Tue . "Analyzing the threat of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) to nuclear facilities". United States. doi:10.1057/s41284-017-0102-5. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1356834.
@article{osti_1356834,
title = {Analyzing the threat of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) to nuclear facilities},
author = {Solodov, Alexander and Williams, Adam and Al Hanaei, Sara and Goddard, Braden},
abstractNote = {Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) are among the major growing technologies that have many beneficial applications, yet they can also pose a significant threat. Recently, several incidents occurred with UAVs violating privacy of the public and security of sensitive facilities, including several nuclear power plants in France. The threat of UAVs to the security of nuclear facilities is of great importance and is the focus of this work. This paper presents an overview of UAV technology and classification, as well as its applications and potential threats. We show several examples of recent security incidents involving UAVs in France, USA, and United Arab Emirates. Further, the potential threats to nuclear facilities and measures to prevent them are evaluated. The importance of measures for detection, delay, and response (neutralization) of UAVs at nuclear facilities are discussed. An overview of existing technologies along with their strength and weaknesses are shown. Finally, the results of a gap analysis in existing approaches and technologies is presented in the form of potential technological and procedural areas for research and development. Furthermore based on this analysis, directions for future work in the field can be devised and prioritized.},
doi = {10.1057/s41284-017-0102-5},
journal = {Security Journal},
issn = {0955-1662},
number = 1,
volume = 31,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}

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