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Title: Gamma-ray blazar spectra with H.E.S.S. II mono analysis: The case of PKS 2155$-$304 and PG 1553+113

Abstract

In this paper, the addition of a 28 m Cherenkov telescope (CT5) to the H.E.S.S. array extended the experiment’s sensitivityto lower energies. The lowest energy threshold is obtained using monoscopic analysis of data taken with CT5, providing access to gamma-ray energies below 100 GeV for small zenith angle observations. Such an extension of the instrument’s energy range is particularly beneficial for studies of active galactic nuclei with soft spectra, as expected for those at a redshift ≥0.5. The high-frequency peaked BL Lac objects PKS 2155–304 (z = 0.116) and PG 1553+113 (0.43 < z < 0.58) are among the brightest objects in the gamma-ray sky, both showing clear signatures of gamma-ray absorption at E > 100 GeV interpreted as being due to interactions with the extragalactic background light (EBL). Furthermore, the aims of this work are twofold: to demonstrate the monoscopic analysis of CT5 data with a low energy threshold, and to obtain accurate measurements of the spectral energy distributions (SED) of PKS 2155–304 and PG 1553+113 near their SED peaks at energies ≈100 GeV. Multiple observational campaigns of PKS 2155–304 and PG 1553+113 were conducted during 2013 and 2014 using the full H.E.S.S. II instrument (CT1–5). A monoscopic analysismore » of the data taken with the new CT5 telescope was developed along with an investigation into the systematic uncertainties on the spectral parameters which are derived from this analysis. As a result, using the data from CT5, the energy spectra of PKS 2155–304 and PG 1553+113 were reconstructed down to conservative threshold energies of 80 GeV for PKS 2155–304, which transits near zenith, and 110 GeV for the more northern PG 1553+113. The measured spectra, well fitted in both cases by a log-parabola spectral model (with a 5.0σ statistical preference for non-zero curvature for PKS 2155–304 and 4.5σ for PG 1553+113), were found consistent with spectra derived from contemporaneous Fermi-LAT data, indicating a sharp break in the observed spectra of both sources at E ≈ 100 GeV. When corrected for EBL absorption, the intrinsic H.E.S.S. II mono and Fermi-LAT spectrum of PKS 2155–304 was found to show significant curvature. For PG 1553+113, however, no significant detection of curvature in the intrinsic spectrum could be found within statistical and systematic uncertainties.« less

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
H.E.S.S. Collaboration; LAT Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1355727
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 600; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6361
Publisher:
EDP Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; galaxies: active; BL Lacertae objects: individual: PKS 2155-304; BL Lacertae objects: individual: PG 1553+113; gamma rays: galaxies

Citation Formats

Abdalla, H., Abramowski, A., Aharonian, F., Ait Benkhali, F., Akhperjanian, A. G., Andersson, T., Angüner, E. O., Arrieta, M., Aubert, P., Backes, M., Balzer, A., Barnard, M., Becherini, Y., Becker Tjus, J., Berge, D., Bernhard, S., Bernlöhr, K., Blackwell, R., Böttcher, M., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bordas, P., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bryan, M., Bulik, T., Capasso, M., Carr, J., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chakraborty, N., Chalme-Calvet, R., Chaves, R. C. G., Chen, A., Chevalier, J., Chrétien, M., Colafrancesco, S., Cologna, G., Condon, B., Conrad, J., Couturier, C., Cui, Y., Davids, I. D., Degrange, B., Deil, C., Devin, J., deWilt, P., Dirson, L., Djannati-Ataï, A., Domainko, W., Donath, A., Drury, L. O’C., Dubus, G., Dutson, K., Dyks, J., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Eger, P., Ernenwein, J. -P., Eschbach, S., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Fernandes, M. V., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Förster, A., Funk, S., Füßling, M., Gabici, S., Gajdus, M., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Giavitto, G., Giebels, B., Glicenstein, J. F., Gottschall, D., Goyal, A., Grondin, M. -H., Hadasch, D., Hahn, J., Haupt, M., Hawkes, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hervet, O., Hillert, A., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hoischen, C., Holler, M., Horns, D., Ivascenko, A., Jacholkowska, A., Jamrozy, M., Janiak, M., Jankowsky, D., Jankowsky, F., Jingo, M., Jogler, T., Jouvin, L., Jung-Richardt, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzyński, K., Katz, U., Kerszberg, D., Khélifi, B., Kieffer, M., King, J., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluźniak, W., Kolitzus, D., Komin, Nu., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Kraus, M., Krayzel, F., Krüger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lau, J., Lees, J. -P., Lefaucheur, J., Lefranc, V., Lemière, A., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Leser, E., Lohse, T., Lorentz, M., Liu, R., López-Coto, R., Lypova, I., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Mariaud, C., Marx, R., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., Meintjes, P. J., Meyer, M., Mitchell, A. M. W., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Mohrmann, L., Morå, K., Moulin, E., Murach, T., de Naurois, M., Niederwanger, F., Niemiec, J., Oakes, L., O’Brien, P., Odaka, H., Öttl, S., Ohm, S., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Padovani, M., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Paz Arribas, M., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perennes, C., Petrucci, P. -O., Peyaud, B., Pita, S., Poon, H., Prokhorov, D., Prokoph, H., Pühlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., de los Reyes, R., Rieger, F., Romoli, C., Rosier-Lees, S., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Sahakian, V., Salek, D., Sanchez, D. A., Santangelo, A., Sasaki, M., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwemmer, S., Settimo, M., Seyffert, A. S., Shafi, N., Shilon, I., Simoni, R., Sol, H., Spanier, F., Spengler, G., Spies, F., Stawarz, Ł., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Stinzing, F., Stycz, K., Sushch, I., Tavernet, J. -P., Tavernier, T., Taylor, A. M., Terrier, R., Tibaldo, L., Tiziani, D., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Tuffs, R., Uchiyama, Y., van der Walt, D. J., van Eldik, C., van Soelen, B., Vasileiadis, G., Veh, J., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Vink, J., Voisin, F., Völk, H. J., Vuillaume, T., Wadiasingh, Z., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Wagner, R. M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wörnlein, A., Wouters, D., Yang, R., Zabalza, V., Zaborov, D., Zacharias, M., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Zefi, F., Ziegler, A., Żywucka, N., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Baldini, L., Barbiellini, G., Bellazzini, R., Blandford, R. D., Bonino, R., Bregeon, J., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caragiulo, M., Caraveo, P. A., Cavazzuti, E., Cecchi, C., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Costanza, F., Cutini, S., D’Ammando, F., de Palma, F., Desiante, R., Di Lalla, N., Di Mauro, M., Di Venere, L., Donaggio, B., Favuzzi, C., Focke, W. B., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Horan, D., Jóhannesson, G., Kamae, T., Kensei, S., Kocevski, D., Larsson, S., Li, J., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Maldera, S., Manfreda, A., Mazziotta, M. N., Michelson, P. F., Mizuno, T., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Negro, M., Nuss, E., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Paneque, D., Perkins, J. S., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Principe, G., Rainò, S., Razzano, M., Simone, D., Siskind, E. J., Spada, F., Spinelli, P., Thayer, J. B., Torres, D. F., Torresi, E., Troja, E., Vianello, G., and Wood, K. S. Gamma-ray blazar spectra with H.E.S.S. II mono analysis: The case of PKS 2155$-$304 and PG 1553+113. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201629427.
Abdalla, H., Abramowski, A., Aharonian, F., Ait Benkhali, F., Akhperjanian, A. G., Andersson, T., Angüner, E. O., Arrieta, M., Aubert, P., Backes, M., Balzer, A., Barnard, M., Becherini, Y., Becker Tjus, J., Berge, D., Bernhard, S., Bernlöhr, K., Blackwell, R., Böttcher, M., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bordas, P., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bryan, M., Bulik, T., Capasso, M., Carr, J., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chakraborty, N., Chalme-Calvet, R., Chaves, R. C. G., Chen, A., Chevalier, J., Chrétien, M., Colafrancesco, S., Cologna, G., Condon, B., Conrad, J., Couturier, C., Cui, Y., Davids, I. D., Degrange, B., Deil, C., Devin, J., deWilt, P., Dirson, L., Djannati-Ataï, A., Domainko, W., Donath, A., Drury, L. O’C., Dubus, G., Dutson, K., Dyks, J., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Eger, P., Ernenwein, J. -P., Eschbach, S., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Fernandes, M. V., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Förster, A., Funk, S., Füßling, M., Gabici, S., Gajdus, M., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Giavitto, G., Giebels, B., Glicenstein, J. F., Gottschall, D., Goyal, A., Grondin, M. -H., Hadasch, D., Hahn, J., Haupt, M., Hawkes, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hervet, O., Hillert, A., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hoischen, C., Holler, M., Horns, D., Ivascenko, A., Jacholkowska, A., Jamrozy, M., Janiak, M., Jankowsky, D., Jankowsky, F., Jingo, M., Jogler, T., Jouvin, L., Jung-Richardt, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzyński, K., Katz, U., Kerszberg, D., Khélifi, B., Kieffer, M., King, J., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluźniak, W., Kolitzus, D., Komin, Nu., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Kraus, M., Krayzel, F., Krüger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lau, J., Lees, J. -P., Lefaucheur, J., Lefranc, V., Lemière, A., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Leser, E., Lohse, T., Lorentz, M., Liu, R., López-Coto, R., Lypova, I., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Mariaud, C., Marx, R., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., Meintjes, P. J., Meyer, M., Mitchell, A. M. W., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Mohrmann, L., Morå, K., Moulin, E., Murach, T., de Naurois, M., Niederwanger, F., Niemiec, J., Oakes, L., O’Brien, P., Odaka, H., Öttl, S., Ohm, S., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Padovani, M., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Paz Arribas, M., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perennes, C., Petrucci, P. -O., Peyaud, B., Pita, S., Poon, H., Prokhorov, D., Prokoph, H., Pühlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., de los Reyes, R., Rieger, F., Romoli, C., Rosier-Lees, S., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Sahakian, V., Salek, D., Sanchez, D. A., Santangelo, A., Sasaki, M., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwemmer, S., Settimo, M., Seyffert, A. S., Shafi, N., Shilon, I., Simoni, R., Sol, H., Spanier, F., Spengler, G., Spies, F., Stawarz, Ł., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Stinzing, F., Stycz, K., Sushch, I., Tavernet, J. -P., Tavernier, T., Taylor, A. M., Terrier, R., Tibaldo, L., Tiziani, D., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Tuffs, R., Uchiyama, Y., van der Walt, D. J., van Eldik, C., van Soelen, B., Vasileiadis, G., Veh, J., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Vink, J., Voisin, F., Völk, H. J., Vuillaume, T., Wadiasingh, Z., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Wagner, R. M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wörnlein, A., Wouters, D., Yang, R., Zabalza, V., Zaborov, D., Zacharias, M., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Zefi, F., Ziegler, A., Żywucka, N., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Baldini, L., Barbiellini, G., Bellazzini, R., Blandford, R. D., Bonino, R., Bregeon, J., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caragiulo, M., Caraveo, P. A., Cavazzuti, E., Cecchi, C., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Costanza, F., Cutini, S., D’Ammando, F., de Palma, F., Desiante, R., Di Lalla, N., Di Mauro, M., Di Venere, L., Donaggio, B., Favuzzi, C., Focke, W. B., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Horan, D., Jóhannesson, G., Kamae, T., Kensei, S., Kocevski, D., Larsson, S., Li, J., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Maldera, S., Manfreda, A., Mazziotta, M. N., Michelson, P. F., Mizuno, T., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Negro, M., Nuss, E., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Paneque, D., Perkins, J. S., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Principe, G., Rainò, S., Razzano, M., Simone, D., Siskind, E. J., Spada, F., Spinelli, P., Thayer, J. B., Torres, D. F., Torresi, E., Troja, E., Vianello, G., & Wood, K. S. Gamma-ray blazar spectra with H.E.S.S. II mono analysis: The case of PKS 2155$-$304 and PG 1553+113. United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201629427.
Abdalla, H., Abramowski, A., Aharonian, F., Ait Benkhali, F., Akhperjanian, A. G., Andersson, T., Angüner, E. O., Arrieta, M., Aubert, P., Backes, M., Balzer, A., Barnard, M., Becherini, Y., Becker Tjus, J., Berge, D., Bernhard, S., Bernlöhr, K., Blackwell, R., Böttcher, M., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bordas, P., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bryan, M., Bulik, T., Capasso, M., Carr, J., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chakraborty, N., Chalme-Calvet, R., Chaves, R. C. G., Chen, A., Chevalier, J., Chrétien, M., Colafrancesco, S., Cologna, G., Condon, B., Conrad, J., Couturier, C., Cui, Y., Davids, I. D., Degrange, B., Deil, C., Devin, J., deWilt, P., Dirson, L., Djannati-Ataï, A., Domainko, W., Donath, A., Drury, L. O’C., Dubus, G., Dutson, K., Dyks, J., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Eger, P., Ernenwein, J. -P., Eschbach, S., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Fernandes, M. V., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Förster, A., Funk, S., Füßling, M., Gabici, S., Gajdus, M., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Giavitto, G., Giebels, B., Glicenstein, J. F., Gottschall, D., Goyal, A., Grondin, M. -H., Hadasch, D., Hahn, J., Haupt, M., Hawkes, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hervet, O., Hillert, A., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hoischen, C., Holler, M., Horns, D., Ivascenko, A., Jacholkowska, A., Jamrozy, M., Janiak, M., Jankowsky, D., Jankowsky, F., Jingo, M., Jogler, T., Jouvin, L., Jung-Richardt, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzyński, K., Katz, U., Kerszberg, D., Khélifi, B., Kieffer, M., King, J., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluźniak, W., Kolitzus, D., Komin, Nu., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Kraus, M., Krayzel, F., Krüger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lau, J., Lees, J. -P., Lefaucheur, J., Lefranc, V., Lemière, A., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Leser, E., Lohse, T., Lorentz, M., Liu, R., López-Coto, R., Lypova, I., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Mariaud, C., Marx, R., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., Meintjes, P. J., Meyer, M., Mitchell, A. M. W., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Mohrmann, L., Morå, K., Moulin, E., Murach, T., de Naurois, M., Niederwanger, F., Niemiec, J., Oakes, L., O’Brien, P., Odaka, H., Öttl, S., Ohm, S., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Padovani, M., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Paz Arribas, M., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perennes, C., Petrucci, P. -O., Peyaud, B., Pita, S., Poon, H., Prokhorov, D., Prokoph, H., Pühlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., de los Reyes, R., Rieger, F., Romoli, C., Rosier-Lees, S., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Sahakian, V., Salek, D., Sanchez, D. A., Santangelo, A., Sasaki, M., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwemmer, S., Settimo, M., Seyffert, A. S., Shafi, N., Shilon, I., Simoni, R., Sol, H., Spanier, F., Spengler, G., Spies, F., Stawarz, Ł., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Stinzing, F., Stycz, K., Sushch, I., Tavernet, J. -P., Tavernier, T., Taylor, A. M., Terrier, R., Tibaldo, L., Tiziani, D., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Tuffs, R., Uchiyama, Y., van der Walt, D. J., van Eldik, C., van Soelen, B., Vasileiadis, G., Veh, J., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Vink, J., Voisin, F., Völk, H. J., Vuillaume, T., Wadiasingh, Z., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Wagner, R. M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wörnlein, A., Wouters, D., Yang, R., Zabalza, V., Zaborov, D., Zacharias, M., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Zefi, F., Ziegler, A., Żywucka, N., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Baldini, L., Barbiellini, G., Bellazzini, R., Blandford, R. D., Bonino, R., Bregeon, J., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caragiulo, M., Caraveo, P. A., Cavazzuti, E., Cecchi, C., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Costanza, F., Cutini, S., D’Ammando, F., de Palma, F., Desiante, R., Di Lalla, N., Di Mauro, M., Di Venere, L., Donaggio, B., Favuzzi, C., Focke, W. B., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Horan, D., Jóhannesson, G., Kamae, T., Kensei, S., Kocevski, D., Larsson, S., Li, J., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Maldera, S., Manfreda, A., Mazziotta, M. N., Michelson, P. F., Mizuno, T., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Negro, M., Nuss, E., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Paneque, D., Perkins, J. S., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Principe, G., Rainò, S., Razzano, M., Simone, D., Siskind, E. J., Spada, F., Spinelli, P., Thayer, J. B., Torres, D. F., Torresi, E., Troja, E., Vianello, G., and Wood, K. S. Wed . "Gamma-ray blazar spectra with H.E.S.S. II mono analysis: The case of PKS 2155$-$304 and PG 1553+113". United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201629427. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1355727.
@article{osti_1355727,
title = {Gamma-ray blazar spectra with H.E.S.S. II mono analysis: The case of PKS 2155$-$304 and PG 1553+113},
author = {Abdalla, H. and Abramowski, A. and Aharonian, F. and Ait Benkhali, F. and Akhperjanian, A. G. and Andersson, T. and Angüner, E. O. and Arrieta, M. and Aubert, P. and Backes, M. and Balzer, A. and Barnard, M. and Becherini, Y. and Becker Tjus, J. and Berge, D. and Bernhard, S. and Bernlöhr, K. and Blackwell, R. and Böttcher, M. and Boisson, C. and Bolmont, J. and Bordas, P. and Brun, F. and Brun, P. and Bryan, M. and Bulik, T. and Capasso, M. and Carr, J. and Casanova, S. and Cerruti, M. and Chakraborty, N. and Chalme-Calvet, R. and Chaves, R. C. G. and Chen, A. and Chevalier, J. and Chrétien, M. and Colafrancesco, S. and Cologna, G. and Condon, B. and Conrad, J. and Couturier, C. and Cui, Y. and Davids, I. D. and Degrange, B. and Deil, C. and Devin, J. and deWilt, P. and Dirson, L. and Djannati-Ataï, A. and Domainko, W. and Donath, A. and Drury, L. 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A. and Katarzyński, K. and Katz, U. and Kerszberg, D. and Khélifi, B. and Kieffer, M. and King, J. and Klepser, S. and Klochkov, D. and Kluźniak, W. and Kolitzus, D. and Komin, Nu. and Kosack, K. and Krakau, S. and Kraus, M. and Krayzel, F. and Krüger, P. P. and Laffon, H. and Lamanna, G. and Lau, J. and Lees, J. -P. and Lefaucheur, J. and Lefranc, V. and Lemière, A. and Lemoine-Goumard, M. and Lenain, J. -P. and Leser, E. and Lohse, T. and Lorentz, M. and Liu, R. and López-Coto, R. and Lypova, I. and Marandon, V. and Marcowith, A. and Mariaud, C. and Marx, R. and Maurin, G. and Maxted, N. and Mayer, M. and Meintjes, P. J. and Meyer, M. and Mitchell, A. M. W. and Moderski, R. and Mohamed, M. and Mohrmann, L. and Morå, K. and Moulin, E. and Murach, T. and de Naurois, M. and Niederwanger, F. and Niemiec, J. and Oakes, L. and O’Brien, P. and Odaka, H. and Öttl, S. and Ohm, S. and Ostrowski, M. and Oya, I. and Padovani, M. and Panter, M. and Parsons, R. 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abstractNote = {In this paper, the addition of a 28 m Cherenkov telescope (CT5) to the H.E.S.S. array extended the experiment’s sensitivityto lower energies. The lowest energy threshold is obtained using monoscopic analysis of data taken with CT5, providing access to gamma-ray energies below 100 GeV for small zenith angle observations. Such an extension of the instrument’s energy range is particularly beneficial for studies of active galactic nuclei with soft spectra, as expected for those at a redshift ≥0.5. The high-frequency peaked BL Lac objects PKS 2155–304 (z = 0.116) and PG 1553+113 (0.43 < z < 0.58) are among the brightest objects in the gamma-ray sky, both showing clear signatures of gamma-ray absorption at E > 100 GeV interpreted as being due to interactions with the extragalactic background light (EBL). Furthermore, the aims of this work are twofold: to demonstrate the monoscopic analysis of CT5 data with a low energy threshold, and to obtain accurate measurements of the spectral energy distributions (SED) of PKS 2155–304 and PG 1553+113 near their SED peaks at energies ≈100 GeV. Multiple observational campaigns of PKS 2155–304 and PG 1553+113 were conducted during 2013 and 2014 using the full H.E.S.S. II instrument (CT1–5). A monoscopic analysis of the data taken with the new CT5 telescope was developed along with an investigation into the systematic uncertainties on the spectral parameters which are derived from this analysis. As a result, using the data from CT5, the energy spectra of PKS 2155–304 and PG 1553+113 were reconstructed down to conservative threshold energies of 80 GeV for PKS 2155–304, which transits near zenith, and 110 GeV for the more northern PG 1553+113. The measured spectra, well fitted in both cases by a log-parabola spectral model (with a 5.0σ statistical preference for non-zero curvature for PKS 2155–304 and 4.5σ for PG 1553+113), were found consistent with spectra derived from contemporaneous Fermi-LAT data, indicating a sharp break in the observed spectra of both sources at E ≈ 100 GeV. When corrected for EBL absorption, the intrinsic H.E.S.S. II mono and Fermi-LAT spectrum of PKS 2155–304 was found to show significant curvature. For PG 1553+113, however, no significant detection of curvature in the intrinsic spectrum could be found within statistical and systematic uncertainties.},
doi = {10.1051/0004-6361/201629427},
journal = {Astronomy and Astrophysics},
issn = {0004-6361},
number = ,
volume = 600,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}

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