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Title: Localization and broadband follow-up of the gravitational-wave transient GW150914

Abstract

A gravitational-wave (GW) transient was identified in data recorded by the Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) detectors on 2015 September 14. The event, initially designated G184098 and later given the name GW150914, is described in detail elsewhere. By prior arrangement, preliminary estimates of the time, significance, and sky location of the event were shared with 63 teams of observers covering radio, optical, near-infrared, X-ray, and gamma-ray wavelengths with ground- and space-based facilities. In this Letter we describe the low-latency analysis of the GW data and present the sky localization of the first observed compact binary merger. We summarize the follow-up observations reported by 25 teams via private Gamma-ray Coordinates Network circulars, giving an overview of the participating facilities, the GW sky localization coverage, the timeline and depth of the observations. As this event turned out to be a binary black hole merger, there is little expectation of a detectable electromagnetic (EM) signature. Nevertheless, this first broadband campaign to search for a counterpart of an Advanced LIGO source represents a milestone and highlights the broad capabilities of the transient astronomy community and the observing strategies that have been developed to pursue neutron star binary merger events. Furthermore, detailed investigations ofmore » the EM data and results of the EM follow-up campaign are being disseminated in papers by the individual teams.« less

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration; The Australian Square Kilometer Array Pathfinder (ASKAP) Collaboration; The BOOTES Collaboration; The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations; The Fermi GBM Collaboration; The Fermi LAT Collaboration; The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm (GRAWITA; The INTEGRAL Collaboration; The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory (iPTF) Collaboration; The InterPlanetary Network; The J-GEM Collaboration; The La Silla–QUEST Survey; The Liverpool Telescope Collaboration; The Low Frequency Array (LOFAR) Collaboration; The MASTER Collaboration; The MAXI Collaboration; The Murchison Wide-field Array (MWA) Collaboration; The Pan-STARRS Collaboration; The PESSTO Collaboration; The Pi of the Sky Collaboration; The SkyMapper Collaboration; The Swift Collaboration; The TAROT, Zadko, Algerian National Observatory, and C2PU Collaboration; The TOROS Collaboration; The VISTA Collaboration; LIGO Scientific; Virgo; ASKAP; BOOTES; DES; DEC; Fermi GBM; Fermi-LAT; GRAWITA; INTEGRAL; iPTF; InterPlanetary Network; J-GEM; La Silla-QUEST Survey; Liverpool Telescope; LOFAR; MASTER; MAXI; MWA; Pan-STARRS; PESSTO; Pi of the Sky; SkyMapper; Swift; C2PU; TOROS; VISTA
OSTI Identifier:
1355704
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1260384; OSTI ID: 1456952
Report Number(s):
LIGO-P1500227; LIGO-P1500227-V11; FERMILAB-PUB-16-148-AE-E; LIGO-P1500227-V12; arXiv:1602.08492
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-8213
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; AC02-07CH11359; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal. Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 826; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-8213
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gravitational waves; methods: observational

Citation Formats

Abbott, B. P., Abbott, R., Abbott, T. D., Abernathy, M. R., Acernese, F., Ackley, K., Adams, C., Adams, T., Addesso, P., Adhikari, R. X., Adya, V. B., Affeldt, C., Agathos, M., Agatsuma, K., Aggarwal, N., Aguiar, O. D., Aiello, L., Ain, A., Ajith, P., Allen, B., Allocca, A., Altin, P. A., Anderson, S. B., Anderson, W. G., Arai, K., Araya, M. C., Arceneaux, C. C., Areeda, J. S., Arnaud, N., Arun, K. G., Ascenzi, S., Ashton, G., Ast, M., Aston, S. M., Astone, P., Aufmuth, P., Aulbert, C., Babak, S., Bacon, P., Bader, M. K. M., Baker, P. T., Baldaccini, F., Ballardin, G., Ballmer, S. W., Barayoga, J. C., Barclay, S. E., Barish, B. C., Barker, D., Barone, F., Barr, B., Barsotti, L., Barsuglia, M., Barta, D., Barthelmy, S., Bartlett, J., Bartos, I., Bassiri, R., Basti, A., Batch, J. C., Baune, C., Bavigadda, V., Bazzan, M., Behnke, B., Bejger, M., Bell, A. S., Bell, C. J., Berger, B. K., Bergman, J., Bergmann, G., Berry, C. P. L., Bersanetti, D., Bertolini, A., Betzwieser, J., Bhagwat, S., Bhandare, R., Bilenko, I. A., Billingsley, G., Birch, J., Birney, R., Biscans, S., Bisht, A., Bitossi, M., Biwer, C., Bizouard, M. A., Blackburn, J. K., Blair, C. D., Blair, D. G., Blair, R. M., Bloemen, S., Bock, O., Bodiya, T. P., Boer, M., Bogaert, G., Bogan, C., Bohe, A., Bojtos, P., Bond, C., Bondu, F., Bonnand, R., Boom, B. A., Bork, R., Boschi, V., Bose, S., Bouffanais, Y., Bozzi, A., Bradaschia, C., Brady, P. R., Braginsky, V. B., Branchesi, M., Brau, J. E., Briant, T., Brillet, A., Brinkmann, M., Brisson, V., Brockill, P., Brooks, A. F., Brown, D. A., Brown, D. D., Brown, N. M., Buchanan, C. C., Buikema, A., Bulik, T., Bulten, H. J., Buonanno, A., Buskulic, D., Buy, C., Byer, R. L., Cadonati, L., Cagnoli, G., Cahillane, C., Bustillo, J. C., Callister, T., Calloni, E., Camp, J. B., Cannon, K. C., Cao, J., Capano, C. D., Capocasa, E., Carbognani, F., Caride, S., Diaz, J. C., Casentini, C., Caudill, S., Cavagliá, M., Cavalier, F., Cavalieri, R., Cella, G., Cepeda, C. B., Baiardi, L. C., Cerretani, G., Cesarini, E., Chakraborty, R., Chalermsongsak, T., Chamberlin, S. J., Chan, M., Chao, S., Charlton, P., Chassande-Mottin, E., Chen, H. Y., Chen, Y., Cheng, C., Chincarini, A., Chiummo, A., Cho, H. S., Cho, M., Chow, J. H., Christensen, N., Chu, Q., Chua, S., Chung, S., Ciani, G., Clara, F., Clark, J. A., Cleva, F., Coccia, E., Cohadon, P. -F., Colla, A., Collette, C. G., Cominsky, L., Constancio, M., Conte, A., Conti, L., Cook, D., Corbitt, T. R., Cornish, N., Corsi, A., Cortese, S., Costa, C. A., Coughlin, M. W., Coughlin, S. B., Coulon, J. -P., Countryman, S. T., Couvares, P., Cowan, E. E., Coward, D. M., Cowart, M. J., Coyne, D. C., Coyne, R., Craig, K., Creighton, J. D. E., Cripe, J., Crowder, S. G., Cumming, A., Cunningham, L., Cuoco, E., Canton, T. Dal, Danilishin, S. L., D’Antonio, S., Danzmann, K., Darman, N. S., Dattilo, V., Dave, I., Daveloza, H. P., Davier, M., Davies, G. S., Daw, E. J., Day, R., DeBra, D., Debreczeni, G., Degallaix, J., Laurentis, M. De, Deléglise, S., Pozzo, W. Del, Denker, T., Dent, T., Dereli, H., Dergachev, V., DeRosa, R. T., Rosa, R. De, DeSalvo, R., Dhurandhar, S., Díaz, M. C., Fiore, L. Di, Giovanni, M. Di, Lieto, A. Di, Pace, S. Di, Palma, I. Di, Virgilio, A. Di, Dojcinoski, G., Dolique, V., Donovan, F., Dooley, K. L., Doravari, S., Douglas, R., Downes, T. P., Drago, M., Drever, R. W. P., Driggers, J. C., Du, Z., Ducrot, M., Dwyer, S. E., Edo, T. B., Edwards, M. C., Effler, A., Eggenstein, H. -B., Ehrens, P., Eichholz, J., Eikenberry, S. S., Engels, W., Essick, R. C., Etzel, T., Evans, M., Evans, T. M., Everett, R., Factourovich, M., Fafone, V., Fair, H., Fairhurst, S., Fan, X., Fang, Q., Farinon, S., Farr, B., Farr, W. M., Favata, M., Fays, M., Fehrmann, H., Fejer, M. M., Ferrante, I., Ferreira, E. C., Ferrini, F., Fidecaro, F., Fiori, I., Fiorucci, D., Fisher, R. P., Flaminio, R., Fletcher, M., Fournier, J. -D., Franco, S., Frasca, S., Frasconi, F., Frei, Z., Freise, A., Frey, R., Frey, V., Fricke, T. T., Fritschel, P., Frolov, V. V., Fulda, P., Fyffe, M., Gabbard, H. A. G., Gair, J. R., Gammaitoni, L., Gaonkar, S. G., Garufi, F., Gatto, A., Gaur, G., Gehrels, N., Gemme, G., Gendre, B., Genin, E., Gennai, A., George, J., Gergely, L., Germain, V., Ghosh, A., Ghosh, S., Giaime, J. A., Giardina, K. D., Giazotto, A., Gill, K., Glaefke, A., Goetz, E., Goetz, R., Gondan, L., González, G., Castro, J. M. G., Gopakumar, A., Gordon, N. A., Gorodetsky, M. L., Gossan, S. E., Gosselin, M., Gouaty, R., Graef, C., Graff, P. B., Granata, M., Grant, A., Gras, S., Gray, C., Greco, G., Green, A. C., Groot, P., Grote, H., Grunewald, S., Guidi, G. M., Guo, X., Gupta, A., Gupta, M. K., Gushwa, K. E., Gustafson, E. K., Gustafson, R., Hacker, J. J., Hall, B. R., Hall, E. D., Hammond, G., Haney, M., Hanke, M. M., Hanks, J., Hanna, C., Hannam, M. D., Hanson, J., Hardwick, T., Haris, K., Harms, J., Harry, G. M., Harry, I. W., Hart, M. J., Hartman, M. T., Haster, C. -J., Haughian, K., Heidmann, A., Heintze, M. C., Heitmann, H., Hello, P., Hemming, G., Hendry, M., Heng, I. S., Hennig, J., Heptonstall, A. W., Heurs, M., Hild, S., Hoak, D., Hodge, K. A., Hofman, D., Hollitt, S. E., Holt, K., Holz, D. E., Hopkins, P., Hosken, D. J., Hough, J., Houston, E. A., Howell, E. J., Hu, Y. M., Huang, S., Huerta, E. A., Huet, D., Hughey, B., Husa, S., Huttner, S. H., Huynh-Dinh, T., Idrisy, A., Indik, N., Ingram, D. R., Inta, R., Isa, H. N., Isac, J. -M., Isi, M., Islas, G., Isogai, T., Iyer, B. R., Izumi, K., Jacqmin, T., Jang, H., Jani, K., Jaranowski, P., Jawahar, S., Jiménez-Forteza, F., Johnson, W. W., Jones, D. I., Jones, R., Jonker, R. J. G., Ju, L., Kalaghatgi, C. V., Kalogera, V., Kandhasamy, S., Kang, G., Kanner, J. B., Karki, S., Kasprzack, M., Katsavounidis, E., Katzman, W., Kaufer, S., Kaur, T., Kawabe, K., Kawazoe, F., Kéfélian, F., Kehl, M. S., Keitel, D., Kelley, D. B., Kells, W., Kennedy, R., Key, J. S., Khalaidovski, A., Khalili, F. Y., Khan, I., Khan, S., Khan, Z., Khazanov, E. A., Kijbunchoo, N., Kim, C., Kim, J., Kim, K., Kim, N., Kim, N., Kim, Y. -M., King, E. J., King, P. J., Kinzel, D. L., Kissel, J. S., Kleybolte, L., Klimenko, S., Koehlenbeck, S. M., Kokeyama, K., Koley, S., Kondrashov, V., Kontos, A., Korobko, M., Korth, W. Z., Kowalska, I., Kozak, D. B., Kringel, V., Królak, A., Krueger, C., Kuehn, G., Kumar, P., Kuo, L., Kutynia, A., Lackey, B. D., Landry, M., Lange, J., Lantz, B., Lasky, P. D., Lazzarini, A., Lazzaro, C., Leaci, P., Leavey, S., Lebigot, E. O., Lee, C. H., Lee, H. K., Lee, H. M., Lee, K., Lenon, A., Leonardi, M., Leong, J. R., Leroy, N., Letendre, N., Levin, Y., Levine, B. M., Li, T. G. F., Libson, A., Littenberg, T. B., Lockerbie, N. A., Logue, J., Lombardi, A. L., Lord, J. E., Lorenzini, M., Loriette, V., Lormand, M., Losurdo, G., Lough, J. D., Lück, H., Lundgren, A. P., Luo, J., Lynch, R., Ma, Y., MacDonald, T., Machenschalk, B., MacInnis, M., Macleod, D. M., Magaña-Sandoval, F., Magee, R. M., Mageswaran, M., Majorana, E., Maksimovic, I., Malvezzi, V., Man, N., Mandel, I., Mandic, V., Mangano, V., Mansell, G. L., Manske, M., Mantovani, M., Marchesoni, F., Marion, F., Márka, S., Márka, Z., Markosyan, A. S., Maros, E., Martelli, F., Martellini, L., Martin, I. W., Martin, R. M., Martynov, D. V., Marx, J. N., Mason, K., Masserot, A., Massinger, T. J., Masso-Reid, M., Matichard, F., Matone, L., Mavalvala, N., Mazumder, N., Mazzolo, G., McCarthy, R., McClelland, D. E., McCormick, S., McGuire, S. C., McIntyre, G., McIver, J., McManus, D. J., McWilliams, S. T., Meacher, D., Meadors, G. D., Meidam, J., Melatos, A., Mendell, G., Mendoza-Gandara, D., Mercer, R. A., Merilh, E., Merzougui, M., Meshkov, S., Messenger, C., Messick, C., Meyers, P. M., Mezzani, F., Miao, H., Michel, C., Middleton, H., Mikhailov, E. E., Milano, L., Miller, J., Millhouse, M., Minenkov, Y., Ming, J., Mirshekari, S., Mishra, C., Mitra, S., Mitrofanov, V. P., Mitselmakher, G., Mittleman, R., Moggi, A., Mohan, M., Mohapatra, S. R. P., Montani, M., Moore, B. C., Moore, C. J., Moraru, D., Moreno, G., Morriss, S. R., Mossavi, K., Mours, B., Mow-Lowry, C. M., Mueller, C. L., Mueller, G., Muir, A. W., Mukherjee, A., Mukherjee, D., Mukherjee, S., Mukund, N., Mullavey, A., Munch, J., Murphy, D. J., Murray, P. G., Mytidis, A., Nardecchia, I., Naticchioni, L., Nayak, R. K., Necula, V., Nedkova, K., Nelemans, G., Neri, M., Neunzert, A., Newton, G., Nguyen, T. T., Nielsen, A. B., Nissanke, S., Nitz, A., Nocera, F., Nolting, D., Normandin, M. E. N., Nuttall, L. K., Oberling, J., Ochsner, E., O’Dell, J., Oelker, E., Ogin, G. H., Oh, J. J., Oh, S. H., Ohme, F., Oliver, M., Oppermann, P., Oram, R. J., O’Reilly, B., O’Shaughnessy, R., Ottaway, D. J., Ottens, R. S., Overmier, H., Owen, B. J., Pai, A., Pai, S. A., Palamos, J. R., Palashov, O., Palliyaguru, N., Palomba, C., Pal-Singh, A., Pan, H., Pankow, C., Pannarale, F., Pant, B. C., Paoletti, F., Paoli, A., Papa, M. A., Paris, H. R., Parker, W., Pascucci, D., Pasqualetti, A., Passaquieti, R., Passuello, D., Patricelli, B., Patrick, Z., Pearlstone, B. L., Pedraza, M., Pedurand, R., Pekowsky, L., Pele, A., Penn, S., Perreca, A., Phelps, M., Piccinni, O., Pichot, M., Piergiovanni, F., Pierro, V., Pillant, G., Pinard, L., Pinto, I. M., Pitkin, M., Poggiani, R., Popolizio, P., Post, A., Powell, J., Prasad, J., Predoi, V., Premachandra, S. S., Prestegard, T., Price, L. R., Prijatelj, M., Principe, M., Privitera, S., Prodi, G. A., Prokhorov, L., Puncken, O., Punturo, M., Puppo, P., Pürrer, M., Qi, H., Qin, J., Quetschke, V., Quintero, E. A., Quitzow-James, R., Raab, F. J., Rabeling, D. 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C., Cano, Z., and Rosswog, S. Wed . "Localization and broadband follow-up of the gravitational-wave transient GW150914". United States. doi:10.3847/2041-8205/826/1/L13. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1355704.
@article{osti_1355704,
title = {Localization and broadband follow-up of the gravitational-wave transient GW150914},
author = {Abbott, B. P. and Abbott, R. and Abbott, T. D. and Abernathy, M. R. and Acernese, F. and Ackley, K. and Adams, C. and Adams, T. and Addesso, P. and Adhikari, R. X. and Adya, V. B. and Affeldt, C. and Agathos, M. and Agatsuma, K. and Aggarwal, N. and Aguiar, O. D. and Aiello, L. and Ain, A. and Ajith, P. and Allen, B. and Allocca, A. and Altin, P. A. and Anderson, S. B. and Anderson, W. G. and Arai, K. and Araya, M. C. and Arceneaux, C. C. and Areeda, J. S. and Arnaud, N. and Arun, K. G. and Ascenzi, S. and Ashton, G. and Ast, M. and Aston, S. M. and Astone, P. and Aufmuth, P. and Aulbert, C. and Babak, S. and Bacon, P. and Bader, M. K. M. and Baker, P. T. and Baldaccini, F. and Ballardin, G. and Ballmer, S. W. and Barayoga, J. C. and Barclay, S. E. and Barish, B. C. and Barker, D. and Barone, F. and Barr, B. and Barsotti, L. and Barsuglia, M. and Barta, D. and Barthelmy, S. and Bartlett, J. and Bartos, I. and Bassiri, R. and Basti, A. and Batch, J. C. and Baune, C. and Bavigadda, V. and Bazzan, M. and Behnke, B. and Bejger, M. and Bell, A. S. and Bell, C. J. and Berger, B. K. and Bergman, J. and Bergmann, G. and Berry, C. P. L. and Bersanetti, D. and Bertolini, A. and Betzwieser, J. and Bhagwat, S. and Bhandare, R. and Bilenko, I. A. and Billingsley, G. and Birch, J. and Birney, R. and Biscans, S. and Bisht, A. and Bitossi, M. and Biwer, C. and Bizouard, M. A. and Blackburn, J. K. and Blair, C. D. and Blair, D. G. and Blair, R. M. and Bloemen, S. and Bock, O. and Bodiya, T. P. and Boer, M. and Bogaert, G. and Bogan, C. and Bohe, A. and Bojtos, P. and Bond, C. and Bondu, F. and Bonnand, R. and Boom, B. A. and Bork, R. and Boschi, V. and Bose, S. and Bouffanais, Y. and Bozzi, A. and Bradaschia, C. and Brady, P. R. and Braginsky, V. B. and Branchesi, M. and Brau, J. E. and Briant, T. and Brillet, A. and Brinkmann, M. and Brisson, V. and Brockill, P. and Brooks, A. F. and Brown, D. A. and Brown, D. D. and Brown, N. 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A. and Benacquista, M. and Tanvir, N. R. and Wiersema, K. and Levan, A. J. and Steeghs, D. and Hjorth, J. and Fynbo, J. P. U. and Malesani, D. and Milvang-Jensen, B. and Watson, D. and Irwin, M. and Fernandez, C. G. and McMahon, R. G. and Banerji, M. and Gonzalez-Solares, E. and Schulze, S. and Postigo, A. de Ugarte and Thoene, C. C. and Cano, Z. and Rosswog, S.},
abstractNote = {A gravitational-wave (GW) transient was identified in data recorded by the Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) detectors on 2015 September 14. The event, initially designated G184098 and later given the name GW150914, is described in detail elsewhere. By prior arrangement, preliminary estimates of the time, significance, and sky location of the event were shared with 63 teams of observers covering radio, optical, near-infrared, X-ray, and gamma-ray wavelengths with ground- and space-based facilities. In this Letter we describe the low-latency analysis of the GW data and present the sky localization of the first observed compact binary merger. We summarize the follow-up observations reported by 25 teams via private Gamma-ray Coordinates Network circulars, giving an overview of the participating facilities, the GW sky localization coverage, the timeline and depth of the observations. As this event turned out to be a binary black hole merger, there is little expectation of a detectable electromagnetic (EM) signature. Nevertheless, this first broadband campaign to search for a counterpart of an Advanced LIGO source represents a milestone and highlights the broad capabilities of the transient astronomy community and the observing strategies that have been developed to pursue neutron star binary merger events. Furthermore, detailed investigations of the EM data and results of the EM follow-up campaign are being disseminated in papers by the individual teams.},
doi = {10.3847/2041-8205/826/1/L13},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal. Letters},
issn = {2041-8213},
number = 1,
volume = 826,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {7}
}

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  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 203, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/203/2/28

Swift follow-up of the Gravitational Wave source GW150914
journal, April 2016

  • Evans, P. A.; Kennea, J. A.; Barthelmy, S. D.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slw065

FERMI -LAT OBSERVATIONS OF THE LIGO EVENT GW150914
journal, May 2016


A Decade of Short-Duration Gamma-Ray Burst Broadband Afterglows: Energetics, Circumburst Densities, and jet Opening Angles
journal, December 2015


The long-term evolution of neutron star merger remnants – II. Radioactively powered transients
journal, January 2014

  • Grossman, Doron; Korobkin, Oleg; Rosswog, Stephan
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 439, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt2503

Radio and X-ray signatures of merging neutron stars
journal, April 2001


Mass ejection from neutron star mergers: different components and expected radio signals
journal, April 2015

  • Hotokezaka, Kenta; Piran, Tsvi
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 450, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv620

iPTF SEARCH FOR AN OPTICAL COUNTERPART TO GRAVITATIONAL-WAVE TRANSIENT GW150914
journal, June 2016


On Discovering Electromagnetic Emission from Neutron star Mergers: the Early Years of two Gravitational wave Detectors
journal, June 2014


Method for detection and reconstruction of gravitational wave transients with networks of advanced detectors
journal, February 2016


The tidal disruption of neutron stars by black holes in close binaries
journal, November 1976

  • Lattimer, J. M.; Schramm, D. N.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 210
  • DOI: 10.1086/154860

Transient Events from Neutron Star Mergers
journal, November 1998

  • Li, Li-Xin; Paczyński, Bohdan
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 507, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/311680

Sensitivity of the Advanced LIGO detectors at the beginning of gravitational wave astronomy
journal, June 2016


Electromagnetic counterparts of compact object mergers powered by the radioactive decay of r-process nuclei: Transients from compact object mergers
journal, June 2010


Short-hard gamma-ray bursts
journal, April 2007


Detectable radio flares following gravitational waves from mergers of binary neutron stars
journal, September 2011


Gamma-ray bursts as the death throes of massive binary stars
journal, August 1992

  • Narayan, Ramesh; Paczynski, Bohdan; Piran, Tsvi
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 395
  • DOI: 10.1086/186493

INTEGRAL UPPER LIMITS ON GAMMA-RAY EMISSION ASSOCIATED WITH THE GRAVITATIONAL WAVE EVENT GW150914
journal, March 2016


Maps of Dust Infrared Emission for Use in Estimation of Reddening and Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation Foregrounds
journal, June 1998

  • Schlegel, David J.; Finkbeiner, Douglas P.; Davis, Marc
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 500, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/305772

Rapid Bayesian position reconstruction for gravitational-wave transients
journal, January 2016


The First two Years of Electromagnetic Follow-Up with Advanced ligo and Virgo
journal, October 2014


A dark Energy Camera Search for an Optical Counterpart to the First Advanced ligo Gravitational wave Event Gw150914
journal, May 2016


Radiative Transfer Simulations of Neutron star Merger Ejecta
journal, September 2013


AGILE OBSERVATIONS OF THE GRAVITATIONAL-WAVE EVENT GW150914
journal, June 2016


A Possible Connection Between fast Radio Bursts and Gamma-Ray Bursts
journal, December 2013


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    An Empirical Study of Contamination in Deep, Rapid, and Wide-field Optical Follow-up of Gravitational Wave Events
    journal, April 2018


    An Empirical Study of Contamination in Deep, Rapid, and Wide-field Optical Follow-up of Gravitational Wave Events
    journal, April 2018


    Electromagnetic Signals Following Stellar-mass Black Hole Mergers
    journal, April 2017


    Detecting Binary Compact-object Mergers with Gravitational Waves: Understanding and Improving the Sensitivity of the PyCBC Search
    journal, November 2017

    • Nitz, Alexander H.; Dent, Thomas; Dal Canton, Tito
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 849, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa8f50