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Title: Spin relaxation in corrugated graphene

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Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 95; Journal Issue: 19; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2017-05-04 22:10:14; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Vicent, I. M., Ochoa, H., and Guinea, F.. Spin relaxation in corrugated graphene. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.195402.
Vicent, I. M., Ochoa, H., & Guinea, F.. Spin relaxation in corrugated graphene. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.195402.
Vicent, I. M., Ochoa, H., and Guinea, F.. Thu . "Spin relaxation in corrugated graphene". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.195402.
title = {Spin relaxation in corrugated graphene},
author = {Vicent, I. M. and Ochoa, H. and Guinea, F.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.95.195402},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 19,
volume = 95,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu May 04 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Thu May 04 00:00:00 EDT 2017}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1103/PhysRevB.95.195402

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2works
Citation information provided by
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  • In this work, spin transport in corrugated armchair graphene nanoribbons (AGNRs) is studied. We survey combined effects of spin-orbit interaction and surface roughness, employing the non-equilibrium Green's function formalism and multi-orbitals tight-binding model. Rough substrate surfaces have been statistically generated and the hopping parameters are modulated based on the bending and distance of corrugated carbon atoms. The effects of surface roughness parameters, such as roughness amplitude and correlation length, on spin transport in AGNRs are studied. The increase of surface roughness amplitude results in the coupling of σ and π bands in neighboring atoms, leading to larger spin flipping ratemore » and therefore reduction of the spin-polarization, whereas a longer correlation length makes AGNR surface smoother and increases spin-polarization. Moreover, spin diffusion length of carriers is extracted and its dependency on the roughness parameters is investigated. In agreement with experimental data, the spin diffusion length for various substrate ranges between 2 and 340 μm. Our results indicate the importance of surface roughness on spin-transport in graphene.« less
  • Graphene has attracted great attention in nanoelectronics, optics, and energy harvesting. Here, the near-field radiative heat transfer between graphene-covered corrugated silica is investigated based on the exact scattering theory. It is found that graphene can improve the radiative heat flux between silica gratings by more than one order of magnitude and alleviate the performance sensitivity to lateral shift. The underlying mechanism is mainly attributed to the improved photon tunneling of modes away from phonon resonances. Besides, coating with graphene leads to nonlocal radiative transfer that breaks Derjaguin's proximity approximation and enables corrugated silica to outperform bulk silica in near-field radiation.
  • Bremsstrahlung in corrugated single-layer graphene in the presence of a ballistic transport current is analyzed. Radiation of a similar nature is observed in undulators and wigglers. Regular and chaotic corrugations (ripples) are considered. It is shown that the quadratic relation between the Monge membrane function and the synthetic calibration field leads to the appearance of a central peak in the radiation spectral density. Possible formation mechanisms of single-layer graphene corrugation are proposed. In one case, the corrugation is considered as an incommensurate superstructure in a two-dimensional crystal, resulting from instability developing in the optical phonon subsystem with the formation ofmore » a periodic soliton train. Corrugation results from the interaction of subsystems. Another possible mechanism consists in instability of the membrane flat state due to strong fluctuations characteristic of two-dimensional systems.« less
  • Cited by 29