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Title: Helicity-dependent cross sections and double-polarization observable E in η photoproduction from quasifree protons and neutrons

Abstract

Precise helicity-dependent cross sections and the double-polarization observable E were measured for η photoproduction from quasifree protons and neutrons bound in the deuteron. The η → 2γ and η → 3π 0 → 6γ decay modes were used to optimize the statistical quality of the data and to estimate systematic uncertainties. The measurement used the A2 detector setup at the tagged photon beam of the electron accelerator MAMI in Mainz. A longitudinally polarized deuterated butanol target was used in combination with a circularly polarized photon beam from bremsstrahlung of a longitudinally polarized electron beam. The reaction products were detected with the electromagnetic calorimeters Crystal Ball and TAPS, which covered 98% of the full solid angle. The results show that the narrow structure observed earlier in the unpolarized excitation function of η photoproduction off the neutron appears only in reactions with antiparallel photon and nucleon spin (σ 1/2). It is absent for reactions with parallel spin orientation (σ 3/2) and thus very probably related to partial waves with total spin 1/2. The behavior of the angular distributions of the helicity-dependent cross sections was analyzed by fitting them with Legendre polynomials. The results are in good agreement with a model from themore » Bonn-Gatchina group, which uses an interference of P 11 and S 11 partial waves to explain the narrow structure.« less

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States); George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26); German Research Foundation (DFG); Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) (United Kingdom); Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Contributing Org.:
A2 Collaboration at MAMI
OSTI Identifier:
1354757
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1425343; OSTI ID: 1439805
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-88ER40415; FG02-99ER41110; FG02-01ER41194; 227431; PHY-1039130; FG02-99-ER41110; SC0016583
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 95; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9985
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; Particles & Fields; Nuclear Physics; protons; Helicities

Citation Formats

Witthauer, L., Dieterle, M., Abt, S., Achenbach, P., Afzal, F., Ahmed, Z., Akondi, C. S., Annand, J. R. M., Arends, H. J., Bashkanov, M., Beck, R., Biroth, M., Borisov, N. S., Braghieri, A., Briscoe, W. J., Cividini, F., Costanza, S., Collicott, C., Denig, A., Downie, E. J., Drexler, P., Ferretti-Bondy, M. I., Gardner, S., Garni, S., Glazier, D. I., Glowa, D., Gradl, W., Günther, M., Gurevich, G. M., Hamilton, D., Hornidge, D., Huber, G. M., Käser, A., Kashevarov, V. L., Kay, S., Keshelashvili, I., Kondratiev, R., Korolija, M., Krusche, B., Lazarev, A. B., Linturi, J. M., Lisin, V., Livingston, K., Lutterer, S., MacGregor, I. J. D., Mancell, J., Manley, D. M., Martel, P. P., Metag, V., Meyer, W., Miskimen, R., Mornacchi, E., Mushkarenkov, A., Neganov, A. B., Neiser, A., Oberle, M., Ostrick, M., Otte, P. B., Paudyal, D., Pedroni, P., Polonski, A., Prakhov, S. N., Rajabi, A., Reicherz, G., Ron, G., Rostomyan, T., Sarty, A., Sfienti, C., Sikora, M. H., Sokhoyan, V., Spieker, K., Steffen, O., Strakovsky, I. I., Strub, Th., Supek, I., Thiel, A., Thiel, M., Thomas, A., Unverzagt, M., Usov, Yu. A., Wagner, S., Walford, N. K., Watts, D. P., Werthmüller, D., Wettig, J., Wolfes, M., and Zana, L. Helicity-dependent cross sections and double-polarization observable E in η photoproduction from quasifree protons and neutrons. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.95.055201.
Witthauer, L., Dieterle, M., Abt, S., Achenbach, P., Afzal, F., Ahmed, Z., Akondi, C. S., Annand, J. R. M., Arends, H. J., Bashkanov, M., Beck, R., Biroth, M., Borisov, N. S., Braghieri, A., Briscoe, W. J., Cividini, F., Costanza, S., Collicott, C., Denig, A., Downie, E. J., Drexler, P., Ferretti-Bondy, M. I., Gardner, S., Garni, S., Glazier, D. I., Glowa, D., Gradl, W., Günther, M., Gurevich, G. M., Hamilton, D., Hornidge, D., Huber, G. M., Käser, A., Kashevarov, V. L., Kay, S., Keshelashvili, I., Kondratiev, R., Korolija, M., Krusche, B., Lazarev, A. B., Linturi, J. M., Lisin, V., Livingston, K., Lutterer, S., MacGregor, I. J. D., Mancell, J., Manley, D. M., Martel, P. P., Metag, V., Meyer, W., Miskimen, R., Mornacchi, E., Mushkarenkov, A., Neganov, A. B., Neiser, A., Oberle, M., Ostrick, M., Otte, P. B., Paudyal, D., Pedroni, P., Polonski, A., Prakhov, S. N., Rajabi, A., Reicherz, G., Ron, G., Rostomyan, T., Sarty, A., Sfienti, C., Sikora, M. H., Sokhoyan, V., Spieker, K., Steffen, O., Strakovsky, I. I., Strub, Th., Supek, I., Thiel, A., Thiel, M., Thomas, A., Unverzagt, M., Usov, Yu. A., Wagner, S., Walford, N. K., Watts, D. P., Werthmüller, D., Wettig, J., Wolfes, M., & Zana, L. Helicity-dependent cross sections and double-polarization observable E in η photoproduction from quasifree protons and neutrons. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.95.055201.
Witthauer, L., Dieterle, M., Abt, S., Achenbach, P., Afzal, F., Ahmed, Z., Akondi, C. S., Annand, J. R. M., Arends, H. J., Bashkanov, M., Beck, R., Biroth, M., Borisov, N. S., Braghieri, A., Briscoe, W. J., Cividini, F., Costanza, S., Collicott, C., Denig, A., Downie, E. J., Drexler, P., Ferretti-Bondy, M. I., Gardner, S., Garni, S., Glazier, D. I., Glowa, D., Gradl, W., Günther, M., Gurevich, G. M., Hamilton, D., Hornidge, D., Huber, G. M., Käser, A., Kashevarov, V. L., Kay, S., Keshelashvili, I., Kondratiev, R., Korolija, M., Krusche, B., Lazarev, A. B., Linturi, J. M., Lisin, V., Livingston, K., Lutterer, S., MacGregor, I. J. D., Mancell, J., Manley, D. M., Martel, P. P., Metag, V., Meyer, W., Miskimen, R., Mornacchi, E., Mushkarenkov, A., Neganov, A. B., Neiser, A., Oberle, M., Ostrick, M., Otte, P. B., Paudyal, D., Pedroni, P., Polonski, A., Prakhov, S. N., Rajabi, A., Reicherz, G., Ron, G., Rostomyan, T., Sarty, A., Sfienti, C., Sikora, M. H., Sokhoyan, V., Spieker, K., Steffen, O., Strakovsky, I. I., Strub, Th., Supek, I., Thiel, A., Thiel, M., Thomas, A., Unverzagt, M., Usov, Yu. A., Wagner, S., Walford, N. K., Watts, D. P., Werthmüller, D., Wettig, J., Wolfes, M., and Zana, L. Mon . "Helicity-dependent cross sections and double-polarization observable E in η photoproduction from quasifree protons and neutrons". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.95.055201.
@article{osti_1354757,
title = {Helicity-dependent cross sections and double-polarization observable E in η photoproduction from quasifree protons and neutrons},
author = {Witthauer, L. and Dieterle, M. and Abt, S. and Achenbach, P. and Afzal, F. and Ahmed, Z. and Akondi, C. S. and Annand, J. R. M. and Arends, H. J. and Bashkanov, M. and Beck, R. and Biroth, M. and Borisov, N. S. and Braghieri, A. and Briscoe, W. J. and Cividini, F. and Costanza, S. and Collicott, C. and Denig, A. and Downie, E. J. and Drexler, P. and Ferretti-Bondy, M. I. and Gardner, S. and Garni, S. and Glazier, D. I. and Glowa, D. and Gradl, W. and Günther, M. and Gurevich, G. M. and Hamilton, D. and Hornidge, D. and Huber, G. M. and Käser, A. and Kashevarov, V. L. and Kay, S. and Keshelashvili, I. and Kondratiev, R. and Korolija, M. and Krusche, B. and Lazarev, A. B. and Linturi, J. M. and Lisin, V. and Livingston, K. and Lutterer, S. and MacGregor, I. J. D. and Mancell, J. and Manley, D. M. and Martel, P. P. and Metag, V. and Meyer, W. and Miskimen, R. and Mornacchi, E. and Mushkarenkov, A. and Neganov, A. B. and Neiser, A. and Oberle, M. and Ostrick, M. and Otte, P. B. and Paudyal, D. and Pedroni, P. and Polonski, A. and Prakhov, S. N. and Rajabi, A. and Reicherz, G. and Ron, G. and Rostomyan, T. and Sarty, A. and Sfienti, C. and Sikora, M. H. and Sokhoyan, V. and Spieker, K. and Steffen, O. and Strakovsky, I. I. and Strub, Th. and Supek, I. and Thiel, A. and Thiel, M. and Thomas, A. and Unverzagt, M. and Usov, Yu. A. and Wagner, S. and Walford, N. K. and Watts, D. P. and Werthmüller, D. and Wettig, J. and Wolfes, M. and Zana, L.},
abstractNote = {Precise helicity-dependent cross sections and the double-polarization observable E were measured for η photoproduction from quasifree protons and neutrons bound in the deuteron. The η → 2γ and η → 3π0 → 6γ decay modes were used to optimize the statistical quality of the data and to estimate systematic uncertainties. The measurement used the A2 detector setup at the tagged photon beam of the electron accelerator MAMI in Mainz. A longitudinally polarized deuterated butanol target was used in combination with a circularly polarized photon beam from bremsstrahlung of a longitudinally polarized electron beam. The reaction products were detected with the electromagnetic calorimeters Crystal Ball and TAPS, which covered 98% of the full solid angle. The results show that the narrow structure observed earlier in the unpolarized excitation function of η photoproduction off the neutron appears only in reactions with antiparallel photon and nucleon spin (σ1/2). It is absent for reactions with parallel spin orientation (σ3/2) and thus very probably related to partial waves with total spin 1/2. The behavior of the angular distributions of the helicity-dependent cross sections was analyzed by fitting them with Legendre polynomials. The results are in good agreement with a model from the Bonn-Gatchina group, which uses an interference of P11 and S11 partial waves to explain the narrow structure.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.95.055201},
journal = {Physical Review C},
number = 5,
volume = 95,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Mon May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1103/PhysRevC.95.055201

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  • Precise helicity-dependent cross sections and the double-polarization observable E were measured for η photoproduction from quasifree protons and neutrons bound in the deuteron. The η → 2γ and η → 3π 0 → 6γ decay modes were used to optimize the statistical quality of the data and to estimate systematic uncertainties. The measurement used the A2 detector setup at the tagged photon beam of the electron accelerator MAMI in Mainz. A longitudinally polarized deuterated butanol target was used in combination with a circularly polarized photon beam from bremsstrahlung of a longitudinally polarized electron beam. The reaction products were detected withmore » the electromagnetic calorimeters Crystal Ball and TAPS, which covered 98% of the full solid angle. The results show that the narrow structure observed earlier in the unpolarized excitation function of η photoproduction off the neutron appears only in reactions with antiparallel photon and nucleon spin (σ 1/2). It is absent for reactions with parallel spin orientation (σ 3/2) and thus very probably related to partial waves with total spin 1/2. The behavior of the angular distributions of the helicity-dependent cross sections was analyzed by fitting them with Legendre polynomials. The results are in good agreement with a model from the Bonn-Gatchina group, which uses an interference of P 11 and S 11 partial waves to explain the narrow structure.« less
  • Precise helicity-dependent cross sections and the double-polarization observable E were measured for η photoproduction from quasifree protons and neutrons bound in the deuteron. The η → 2γ and η → 3π0 → 6γ decay modes were used to optimize the statistical quality of the data and to estimate systematic uncertainties. The measurement used the A2 detector setup at the tagged photon beam of the electron accelerator MAMI in Mainz. A longitudinally polarized deuterated butanol target was used in combination with a circularly polarized photon beam from bremsstrahlung of a longitudinally polarized electron beam. The reaction products were detected with themore » electromagnetic calorimeters Crystal Ball and TAPS, which covered 98% of the full solid angle. The results show that the narrow structure observed earlier in the unpolarized excitation function of η photoproduction off the neutron appears only in reactions with antiparallel photon and nucleon spin (σ1/2). It is absent for reactions with parallel spin orientation (σ3/2) and thus very probably related to partial waves with total spin 1/2. The behavior of the angular distributions of the helicity-dependent cross sections was analyzed by fitting them with Legendre polynomials. The results are in good agreement with a model from the Bonn-Gatchina group, which uses an interference of P11 and S11 partial waves to explain the narrow structure.« less
  • Here, we study the processes e + e - → Kmore » $$0\atop{S}$$ K$$0\atop{L}$$ π 0 γ , K $$0\atop{S}$$ K$$0\atop{L}$$ η γ , and K$$0\atop{S}$$ K$$0\atop{L}$$ π 0 π 0 γ , where the photon is radiated from the initial state, providing cross section measurements for the hadronic final states over a continuum of center-of-mass energies. The results are based on 469 fb -1 of data collected at or near the Υ ( 4 S ) resonance with the BABAR detector at SLAC. We present the first measurements of the e + e - → K$$0\atop{S}$$ K$$0\atop{L}$$ π 0 , K$$0\atop{S}$$ K$$0\atop{L}$$ η , and K$$0\atop{S}$$ K$$0\atop{L}$$ π 0π 0 cross sections up to a center-of-mass energy of 4 GeV and study their intermediate resonance structures. We observe J / ψ decays to all of these final states for the first time, present measurements of their J / ψ branching fractions, and search for ψ (2S) decays.« less
  • Here, we study the processes e + e - → Kmore » $$0\atop{S}$$ K$$0\atop{L}$$ π 0 γ , K $$0\atop{S}$$ K$$0\atop{L}$$ η γ , and K$$0\atop{S}$$ K$$0\atop{L}$$ π 0 π 0 γ , where the photon is radiated from the initial state, providing cross section measurements for the hadronic final states over a continuum of center-of-mass energies. The results are based on 469 fb -1 of data collected at or near the Υ ( 4 S ) resonance with the BABAR detector at SLAC. We present the first measurements of the e + e - → K$$0\atop{S}$$ K$$0\atop{L}$$ π 0 , K$$0\atop{S}$$ K$$0\atop{L}$$ η , and K$$0\atop{S}$$ K$$0\atop{L}$$ π 0π 0 cross sections up to a center-of-mass energy of 4 GeV and study their intermediate resonance structures. We observe J / ψ decays to all of these final states for the first time, present measurements of their J / ψ branching fractions, and search for ψ (2S) decays.« less