skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Verifying Safeguards Declarations with INDEPTH: A Sensitivity Study

Abstract

A series of ORIGEN calculations were used to simulate the irradiation and decay of a number of spent fuel assemblies. These simulations focused on variations in the irradiation history that achieved the same terminal burnup through a different set of cycle histories. Simulated NDA measurements were generated for each test case from the ORIGEN data. These simulated measurement types included relative gammas, absolute gammas, absolute gammas plus neutrons, and concentrations of a set of six isotopes commonly measured by NDA. The INDEPTH code was used to reconstruct the initial enrichment, cooling time, and burnup for each irradiation using each simulated measurement type. The results were then compared to the initial ORIGEN inputs to quantify the size of the errors induced by the variations in cycle histories. Errors were compared based on the underlying changes to the cycle history, as well as the data types used for the reconstructions.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. ORNL
  2. University of Tennessee (UT)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1354659
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: M&C 2017 International Conference on Mathematics & Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science and Engineering, Jeju, South Korea, 20170416, 20170420
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Grogan, Brandon R, and Richards, Scott. Verifying Safeguards Declarations with INDEPTH: A Sensitivity Study. United States: N. p., 2017. Web.
Grogan, Brandon R, & Richards, Scott. Verifying Safeguards Declarations with INDEPTH: A Sensitivity Study. United States.
Grogan, Brandon R, and Richards, Scott. Sun . "Verifying Safeguards Declarations with INDEPTH: A Sensitivity Study". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_1354659,
title = {Verifying Safeguards Declarations with INDEPTH: A Sensitivity Study},
author = {Grogan, Brandon R and Richards, Scott},
abstractNote = {A series of ORIGEN calculations were used to simulate the irradiation and decay of a number of spent fuel assemblies. These simulations focused on variations in the irradiation history that achieved the same terminal burnup through a different set of cycle histories. Simulated NDA measurements were generated for each test case from the ORIGEN data. These simulated measurement types included relative gammas, absolute gammas, absolute gammas plus neutrons, and concentrations of a set of six isotopes commonly measured by NDA. The INDEPTH code was used to reconstruct the initial enrichment, cooling time, and burnup for each irradiation using each simulated measurement type. The results were then compared to the initial ORIGEN inputs to quantify the size of the errors induced by the variations in cycle histories. Errors were compared based on the underlying changes to the cycle history, as well as the data types used for the reconstructions.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

Save / Share:
  • A number of countries have received construction licenses or are contemplating the construction of large-capacity gas centrifuge enrichment plants (GCEPs). The capability to independently verify nuclear material flows is a key component of international safeguards approaches, and the IAEA does not currently have an approved method to continuously monitor the mass flow of 235U in uranium hexafluoride (UF6) gas streams. Oak Ridge National Laboratory is investigating the development of a flow and enrichment monitor, or FEMO, based on an existing blend-down monitoring system (BDMS). The BDMS was designed to continuously monitor both 235U mass flow and enrichment of UF6 streamsmore » at the low pressures similar to those which exists at GCEPs. BDMSs have been installed at three sites-the first unit has operated successfully in an unattended environment for approximately 10 years. To be acceptable to GCEP operators, it is essential that the instrument be installed and maintained without interrupting operations. A means to continuously verify flow as is proposed by FEMO will likely be needed to monitor safeguards at large-capacity plants. This will enable the safeguards effectiveness that currently exists at smaller plants to be maintained at the larger facilities and also has the potential to reduce labor costs associated with inspections at current and future plants. This paper describes the FEMO design requirements, operating capabilities, and development work required before field demonstration.« less
  • Controlling the production of fissile material is an essential element of nonproliferation policy. Similarly, accounting for the past production of fissile material should be an important component of nuclear disarmament. This paper describes two promising techniques that make use of physical evidence at reactors and enrichment facilities to verify the past production of plutonium and highly enriched uranium. In the first technique, the concentrations of long-lived radionuclides in permanent components of the reactor core are used to estimate the neutron fluence in various regions of the reactor, and thereby verify declarations of plutonium production in the reactor. In the secondmore » technique, the ratio of the concentration of U-235 to that of U-234 in the tails is used to determine whether a given container of tails was used in the production of low- enriched uranium, which is suitable for reactor fuel, or highly enriched uranium, which can be used in nuclear weapons. Both techniques belong to the new field of [open quotes]nuclear archaeology,[close quotes] in which the authors attempt to document past nuclear weapons activities and thereby lay a firm foundation for verifiable nuclear disarmament. 11 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.« less
  • No abstract prepared.