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Title: Flexible ferroelectric organic crystals

Abstract

Flexible organic materials possessing useful electrical properties, such as ferroelectricity, are of crucial importance in the engineering of electronic devices. But, until now, only ferroelectric polymers have intrinsically met this flexibility requirement, leaving small-molecule organic ferroelectrics with room for improvement. Since both flexibility and ferroelectricity are rare properties on their own, combining them in one crystalline organic material is challenging. We report that trisubstituted haloimidazoles not only display ferroelectricity and piezoelectricity-the properties that originate from their non-centrosymmetric crystal lattice-but also lend their crystalline mechanical properties to fine-tuning in a controllable manner by disrupting the weak halogen bonds between the molecules. This element of control makes it possible to deliver another unique and highly desirable property, namely crystal flexibility. Moreover, the electrical properties are maintained in the flexible crystals.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [2];  [1]
  1. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  2. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  3. Wroclaw Medical Univ. (Poland). Dept. of Analytical Chemistry
  4. Univ. of Wroclaw (Poland). Faculty of Chemistry
  5. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Materials Science Division; Korea Advanced Inst. Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon (Korea, Republic of). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1352647
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Owczarek, Magdalena, Hujsak, Karl A., Ferris, Daniel P., Prokofjevs, Aleksandrs, Majerz, Irena, Szklarz, Przemysław, Zhang, Huacheng, Sarjeant, Amy A., Stern, Charlotte L., Jakubas, Ryszard, Hong, Seungbum, Dravid, Vinayak P., and Stoddart, J. Fraser. Flexible ferroelectric organic crystals. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1038/ncomms13108.
Owczarek, Magdalena, Hujsak, Karl A., Ferris, Daniel P., Prokofjevs, Aleksandrs, Majerz, Irena, Szklarz, Przemysław, Zhang, Huacheng, Sarjeant, Amy A., Stern, Charlotte L., Jakubas, Ryszard, Hong, Seungbum, Dravid, Vinayak P., & Stoddart, J. Fraser. Flexible ferroelectric organic crystals. United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms13108.
Owczarek, Magdalena, Hujsak, Karl A., Ferris, Daniel P., Prokofjevs, Aleksandrs, Majerz, Irena, Szklarz, Przemysław, Zhang, Huacheng, Sarjeant, Amy A., Stern, Charlotte L., Jakubas, Ryszard, Hong, Seungbum, Dravid, Vinayak P., and Stoddart, J. Fraser. Thu . "Flexible ferroelectric organic crystals". United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms13108. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1352647.
@article{osti_1352647,
title = {Flexible ferroelectric organic crystals},
author = {Owczarek, Magdalena and Hujsak, Karl A. and Ferris, Daniel P. and Prokofjevs, Aleksandrs and Majerz, Irena and Szklarz, Przemysław and Zhang, Huacheng and Sarjeant, Amy A. and Stern, Charlotte L. and Jakubas, Ryszard and Hong, Seungbum and Dravid, Vinayak P. and Stoddart, J. Fraser},
abstractNote = {Flexible organic materials possessing useful electrical properties, such as ferroelectricity, are of crucial importance in the engineering of electronic devices. But, until now, only ferroelectric polymers have intrinsically met this flexibility requirement, leaving small-molecule organic ferroelectrics with room for improvement. Since both flexibility and ferroelectricity are rare properties on their own, combining them in one crystalline organic material is challenging. We report that trisubstituted haloimidazoles not only display ferroelectricity and piezoelectricity-the properties that originate from their non-centrosymmetric crystal lattice-but also lend their crystalline mechanical properties to fine-tuning in a controllable manner by disrupting the weak halogen bonds between the molecules. This element of control makes it possible to deliver another unique and highly desirable property, namely crystal flexibility. Moreover, the electrical properties are maintained in the flexible crystals.},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms13108},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = ,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Oct 13 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Thu Oct 13 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}

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Cited by: 27 works
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Works referenced in this record:

The Cambridge Structural Database
journal, April 2016

  • Groom, Colin R.; Bruno, Ian J.; Lightfoot, Matthew P.
  • Acta Crystallographica Section B Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials, Vol. 72, Issue 2, p. 171-179
  • DOI: 10.1107/S2052520616003954

Principle of ferroelectric domain imaging using atomic force microscope
journal, January 2001

  • Hong, Seungbum; Woo, Jungwon; Shin, Hyunjung
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 89, Issue 2, p. 1377-1386
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1331654