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Title: Pressure-induced metallization of the halide perovskite (CH 3NH 3)PbI 3

Abstract

We report the metallization of the hybrid perovskite semiconductor (MA)PbI 3 (MA = CH 3NH 3 +) with no apparent structural transition. We tracked its bandgap evolution during compression in diamond-anvil cells using absorption spectroscopy and observed strong absorption over both visible and IR wavelengths at pressures above ca. 56 GPa, suggesting the imminent closure of its optical bandgap. The metallic character of (MA)PbI 3 above 60 GPa was confirmed using both IR reflectivity and variable-temperature dc conductivity measurements. The impressive semiconductor properties of halide perovskites have recently been exploited in a multitude of optoelectronic applications. Meanwhile, the study of metallic properties in oxide perovskites has revealed diverse electronic phenomena. Importantly, the mild synthetic routes to halide perovskites and the templating effects of the organic cations allow for fine structural control of the inorganic lattice. Lastly, pressure-induced closure of the 1.6 eV bandgap in (MA)PbI3 demonstrates the promise of the continued study of halide perovskites under a range of thermodynamic conditions, toward realizing wholly new electronic properties.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  2. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1352202
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231; AC02-76SF00515; DMR-1351538
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 139; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7863
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Jaffe, Adam, Lin, Yu, Mao, Wendy L., and Karunadasa, Hemamala I. Pressure-induced metallization of the halide perovskite (CH3NH3)PbI3. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1021/jacs.7b01162.
Jaffe, Adam, Lin, Yu, Mao, Wendy L., & Karunadasa, Hemamala I. Pressure-induced metallization of the halide perovskite (CH3NH3)PbI3. United States. doi:10.1021/jacs.7b01162.
Jaffe, Adam, Lin, Yu, Mao, Wendy L., and Karunadasa, Hemamala I. Tue . "Pressure-induced metallization of the halide perovskite (CH3NH3)PbI3". United States. doi:10.1021/jacs.7b01162. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1352202.
@article{osti_1352202,
title = {Pressure-induced metallization of the halide perovskite (CH3NH3)PbI3},
author = {Jaffe, Adam and Lin, Yu and Mao, Wendy L. and Karunadasa, Hemamala I.},
abstractNote = {We report the metallization of the hybrid perovskite semiconductor (MA)PbI3 (MA = CH3NH3+) with no apparent structural transition. We tracked its bandgap evolution during compression in diamond-anvil cells using absorption spectroscopy and observed strong absorption over both visible and IR wavelengths at pressures above ca. 56 GPa, suggesting the imminent closure of its optical bandgap. The metallic character of (MA)PbI3 above 60 GPa was confirmed using both IR reflectivity and variable-temperature dc conductivity measurements. The impressive semiconductor properties of halide perovskites have recently been exploited in a multitude of optoelectronic applications. Meanwhile, the study of metallic properties in oxide perovskites has revealed diverse electronic phenomena. Importantly, the mild synthetic routes to halide perovskites and the templating effects of the organic cations allow for fine structural control of the inorganic lattice. Lastly, pressure-induced closure of the 1.6 eV bandgap in (MA)PbI3 demonstrates the promise of the continued study of halide perovskites under a range of thermodynamic conditions, toward realizing wholly new electronic properties.},
doi = {10.1021/jacs.7b01162},
journal = {Journal of the American Chemical Society},
number = 12,
volume = 139,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Mar 14 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Tue Mar 14 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Cited by: 12works
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  • We report the metallization of the hybrid perovskite semiconductor (MA)PbI3 (MA = CH3NH3+) with no apparent structural transition. We tracked its bandgap evolution during compression in diamond-anvil cells using absorption spectroscopy and observed strong absorption over both visible and IR wavelengths at pressures above ca. 56 GPa, suggesting the imminent closure of its optical bandgap. The metallic character of (MA)PbI3 above 60 GPa was confirmed using both IR reflectivity and variable-temperature dc conductivity measurements. The impressive semiconductor properties of halide perovskites have recently been exploited in a multitude of optoelectronic applications. Meanwhile, the study of metallic properties in oxide perovskitesmore » has revealed diverse electronic phenomena. Importantly, the mild synthetic routes to halide perovskites and the templating effects of the organic cations allow for fine structural control of the inorganic lattice. Pressure-induced closure of the 1.6 eV bandgap in (MA)PbI3 demonstrates the promise of the continued study of halide perovskites under a range of thermodynamic conditions, toward realizing wholly new electronic properties.« less
  • Searching for nontoxic and stable perovskite-like alternatives to lead-based halide perovskites for photovoltaic application is one urgent issue in photoelectricity science. Such exploration inevitably requires an effective method to accurately control both the crystalline and electronic structures. This work applies high pressure to narrow the band gap of perovskite-like organometal halide, [NH 3-(CH 2) 4-NH 3]CuCl 4 (DABCuCl4), through the crystalline-structure tuning. The band gap keeps decreasing below ~12 GPa, involving the shrinkage and distortion of CuCl 4 2–. Inorganic distortion determines both band-gap narrowing and phase transition between 6.4 and 10.5 GPa, and organic chains function as the springmore » cushion, evidenced by the structural transition at ~0.8 GPa. The supporting function of organic chains protects DABCuCl 4 from phase transition and amorphization, which also contributes to the sustaining band-gap narrowing. This work combines crystal structure and macroscopic property together and offers new strategies for the further design and synthesis of hybrid perovskite-like alternatives.« less
  • In this work, we developed an innovative approach to self-grow single crystalline CH 3NH 3PbI 3 directly on polycrystalline FTO/TiO 2 substrate, with which n-i-p type of perovskite solar cells were fabricated. The single crystalline nature of CH 3NH 3PbI 3 has been confirmed by X-ray diffraction and high resolution transmission electron microscopy, and it is observed that they possess smaller optic band gap and longer carrier life time. Highly efficient charge extractions occur at the interface between electron collecting TiO 2 and photo-harvesting CH 3NH 3PbI 3, resulting in a maximum short-circuit current density of 24.40 mA/cm 2. Themore » champion cell possesses a photovoltaic conversion efficiency of 8.78%, and there are still substantial room for further improvement, making it promising for the perovskite solar cell applications.« less
  • A hot phonon bottleneck may be responsible for slow hot carrier cooling in methylammonium lead iodide hybrid perovskite, creating the potential for more efficient hot carrier photovoltaics. In room-temperature 2D electronic spectra near the band edge, we observe in this paper amplitude oscillations due to a remarkably long lived 0.9 THz coherent phonon population at room temperature. This phonon (or set of phonons) is assigned to angular distortions of the Pb–I lattice, not coupled to cation rotations. The strong coupling between the electronic transition and the 0.9 THz mode(s), together with relative isolation from other phonon modes, makes it likelymore » to cause a phonon bottleneck. Finally, the pump frequency resolution of the 2D spectra also enables independent observation of photoinduced absorptions and bleaches independently and confirms that features due to band gap renormalization are longer-lived than in transient absorption spectra.« less