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Title: Discovery of the Lensed Quasar System DES J0408-5354

Abstract

We report the discovery and spectroscopic confirmation of the quad-like lensed quasar system DES J0408-5354 found in the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Year 1 (Y1) data. This system was discovered during a search for DES Y1 strong lensing systems using a method that identified candidates as red galaxies with multiple blue neighbors. DES J0408-5354 consists of a central red galaxy surrounded by three bright ($$i\lt 20$$) blue objects and a fourth red object. Subsequent spectroscopic observations using the Gemini South telescope confirmed that the three blue objects are indeed the lensed images of a quasar with redshift z = 2.375, and that the central red object is an early-type lensing galaxy with redshift z = 0.597. DES J0408-5354 is the first quad lensed quasar system to be found in DES and begins to demonstrate the potential of DES to discover and dramatically increase the sample size of these very rare objects.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
DES Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1350945
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1345606; OSTI ID: 1360907
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-17-029-AE-CD; arXiv:1702.00072
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-8213; 1511649
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359; AC05-00OR22725; AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal. Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 838; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-8213
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gravitational lensing: strong; quasars: general; surveys

Citation Formats

Lin, H., Buckley-Geer, E., Agnello, A., Ostrovski, F., McMahon, R. G., Nord, B., Kuropatkin, N., Tucker, D. L., Treu, T., Chan, J. H. H., Suyu, S. H., Diehl, H. T., Collett, T., Gill, M. S. S., More, A., Amara, A., Auger, M. W., Courbin, F., Fassnacht, C. D., Frieman, J., Marshall, P. J., Meylan, G., Rusu, C. E., Abbott, T. M. C., Abdalla, F. B., Allam, S., Banerji, M., Bechtol, K., Benoit-Lévy, A., Bertin, E., Brooks, D., Burke, D. L., Rosell, A. Carnero, Kind, M. Carrasco, Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Crocce, M., D’Andrea, C. B., Costa, L. N. da, Desai, S., Dietrich, J. P., Eifler, T. F., Finley, D. A., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Gerdes, D. W., Goldstein, D. A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Kuehn, K., Lahav, O., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., March, M., Marshall, J. L., Martini, P., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Ogando, R. L. C., Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Sanchez, E., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, M., Smith, R. C., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., and Walker, A. R. Discovery of the Lensed Quasar System DES J0408-5354. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aa624e.
Lin, H., Buckley-Geer, E., Agnello, A., Ostrovski, F., McMahon, R. G., Nord, B., Kuropatkin, N., Tucker, D. L., Treu, T., Chan, J. H. H., Suyu, S. H., Diehl, H. T., Collett, T., Gill, M. S. S., More, A., Amara, A., Auger, M. W., Courbin, F., Fassnacht, C. D., Frieman, J., Marshall, P. J., Meylan, G., Rusu, C. E., Abbott, T. M. C., Abdalla, F. B., Allam, S., Banerji, M., Bechtol, K., Benoit-Lévy, A., Bertin, E., Brooks, D., Burke, D. L., Rosell, A. Carnero, Kind, M. Carrasco, Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Crocce, M., D’Andrea, C. B., Costa, L. N. da, Desai, S., Dietrich, J. P., Eifler, T. F., Finley, D. A., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Gerdes, D. W., Goldstein, D. A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Kuehn, K., Lahav, O., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., March, M., Marshall, J. L., Martini, P., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Ogando, R. L. C., Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Sanchez, E., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, M., Smith, R. C., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., & Walker, A. R. Discovery of the Lensed Quasar System DES J0408-5354. United States. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aa624e.
Lin, H., Buckley-Geer, E., Agnello, A., Ostrovski, F., McMahon, R. G., Nord, B., Kuropatkin, N., Tucker, D. L., Treu, T., Chan, J. H. H., Suyu, S. H., Diehl, H. T., Collett, T., Gill, M. S. S., More, A., Amara, A., Auger, M. W., Courbin, F., Fassnacht, C. D., Frieman, J., Marshall, P. J., Meylan, G., Rusu, C. E., Abbott, T. M. C., Abdalla, F. B., Allam, S., Banerji, M., Bechtol, K., Benoit-Lévy, A., Bertin, E., Brooks, D., Burke, D. L., Rosell, A. Carnero, Kind, M. Carrasco, Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Crocce, M., D’Andrea, C. B., Costa, L. N. da, Desai, S., Dietrich, J. P., Eifler, T. F., Finley, D. A., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Gerdes, D. W., Goldstein, D. A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Kuehn, K., Lahav, O., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., March, M., Marshall, J. L., Martini, P., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Ogando, R. L. C., Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Sanchez, E., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, M., Smith, R. C., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., and Walker, A. R. Mon . "Discovery of the Lensed Quasar System DES J0408-5354". United States. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aa624e. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1350945.
@article{osti_1350945,
title = {Discovery of the Lensed Quasar System DES J0408-5354},
author = {Lin, H. and Buckley-Geer, E. and Agnello, A. and Ostrovski, F. and McMahon, R. G. and Nord, B. and Kuropatkin, N. and Tucker, D. L. and Treu, T. and Chan, J. H. H. and Suyu, S. H. and Diehl, H. T. and Collett, T. and Gill, M. S. S. and More, A. and Amara, A. and Auger, M. W. and Courbin, F. and Fassnacht, C. D. and Frieman, J. and Marshall, P. J. and Meylan, G. and Rusu, C. E. and Abbott, T. M. C. and Abdalla, F. B. and Allam, S. and Banerji, M. and Bechtol, K. and Benoit-Lévy, A. and Bertin, E. and Brooks, D. and Burke, D. L. and Rosell, A. Carnero and Kind, M. Carrasco and Carretero, J. and Castander, F. J. and Crocce, M. and D’Andrea, C. B. and Costa, L. N. da and Desai, S. and Dietrich, J. P. and Eifler, T. F. and Finley, D. A. and Flaugher, B. and Fosalba, P. and García-Bellido, J. and Gaztanaga, E. and Gerdes, D. W. and Goldstein, D. A. and Gruen, D. and Gruendl, R. A. and Gschwend, J. and Gutierrez, G. and Honscheid, K. and James, D. J. and Kuehn, K. and Lahav, O. and Li, T. S. and Lima, M. and Maia, M. A. G. and March, M. and Marshall, J. L. and Martini, P. and Melchior, P. and Menanteau, F. and Miquel, R. and Ogando, R. L. C. and Plazas, A. A. and Romer, A. K. and Sanchez, E. and Schindler, R. and Schubnell, M. and Sevilla-Noarbe, I. and Smith, M. and Smith, R. C. and Sobreira, F. and Suchyta, E. and Swanson, M. E. C. and Tarle, G. and Thomas, D. and Walker, A. R.},
abstractNote = {We report the discovery and spectroscopic confirmation of the quad-like lensed quasar system DES J0408-5354 found in the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Year 1 (Y1) data. This system was discovered during a search for DES Y1 strong lensing systems using a method that identified candidates as red galaxies with multiple blue neighbors. DES J0408-5354 consists of a central red galaxy surrounded by three bright ($i\lt 20$) blue objects and a fourth red object. Subsequent spectroscopic observations using the Gemini South telescope confirmed that the three blue objects are indeed the lensed images of a quasar with redshift z = 2.375, and that the central red object is an early-type lensing galaxy with redshift z = 0.597. DES J0408-5354 is the first quad lensed quasar system to be found in DES and begins to demonstrate the potential of DES to discover and dramatically increase the sample size of these very rare objects.},
doi = {10.3847/2041-8213/aa624e},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal. Letters},
number = 2,
volume = 838,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Mar 27 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Mon Mar 27 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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  • We report the discovery and spectroscopic confirmation of the quad-like lensed quasar system DES J0408-5354 found in the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Year 1 (Y1) data. This system was discovered during a search for DES Y1 strong lensing systems using a method that identified candidates as red galaxies with multiple blue neighbors. DES J0408-5354 consists of a central red galaxy surrounded by three bright (more » $$i\lt 20$$) blue objects and a fourth red object. Subsequent spectroscopic observations using the Gemini South telescope confirmed that the three blue objects are indeed the lensed images of a quasar with redshift z = 2.375, and that the central red object is an early-type lensing galaxy with redshift z = 0.597. DES J0408-5354 is the first quad lensed quasar system to be found in DES and begins to demonstrate the potential of DES to discover and dramatically increase the sample size of these very rare objects.« less
  • We report the discovery and spectroscopic con rmation of the quad-like lensed quasar system DES J0408-5354 found in the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Year 1 (Y1) data. This system was discovered during a search for DES Y1 strong lensing systems using a method that identi ed candidates as red galaxies with multiple blue neighbors. DES J0408-5354 consists of a central red galaxy surrounded by three bright (i < 20) blue objects and a fourth red object. Subsequent spectroscopic observations using the Gemini South telescope con rmed that the three blue objects are indeed the lensed images of a quasar withmore » redshift z = 2:375, and that the central red object is an early-type lensing galaxy with redshift z = 0:597. DES J0408-5354 is the rst quad lensed quasar system to be found in DES and begins to demonstrate the potential of DES to discover and dramatically increase the sample size of these very rare objects.« less
  • We present gravitational lens models of the multiply imaged quasar DES J0408-5354, recently discovered in the Dark Energy Survey (DES) footprint, with the aim of interpreting its remarkable quad-like configuration. We first model the DES single-epochmore » $grizY$ images as a superposition of a lens galaxy and four point-like objects, obtaining spectral energy distributions (SEDs) and relative positions for the objects. Three of the point sources (A,B,D) have SEDs compatible with the discovery quasar spectra, while the faintest point-like image (G2/C) shows significant reddening and a `grey' dimming of $$\approx0.8$$mag. In order to understand the lens configuration, we fit different models to the relative positions of A,B,D. Models with just a single deflector predict a fourth image at the location of G2/C but considerably brighter and bluer. The addition of a small satellite galaxy ($$R_{\rm E}\approx0.2$$") in the lens plane near the position of G2/C suppresses the flux of the fourth image and can explain both the reddening and grey dimming. All models predict a main deflector with Einstein radius between $1.7"$ and $2.0",$ velocity dispersion $267-280$km/s and enclosed mass $$\approx 6\times10^{11}M_{\odot},$$ even though higher resolution imaging data are needed to break residual degeneracies in model parameters. The longest time-delay (B-A) is estimated as $$\approx 85$$ (resp. $$\approx125$$) days by models with (resp. without) a perturber near G2/C. The configuration and predicted time-delays of J0408-5354 make it an excellent target for follow-up aimed at understanding the source quasar host galaxy and substructure in the lens, and measuring cosmological parameters. We also discuss some lessons learnt from J0408-5354 on lensed quasar finding strategies, due to its chromaticity and morphology.« less
  • We present detailed modelling of the recently discovered, quadruply lensed quasar J0408-5354, with the aim of interpreting its remarkable configuration: besides three quasar images (A,B,D) around the main deflector (G1), a fourth image (C) is significantly reddened and dimmed by a perturber (G2) which is not detected in the Dark Energy Survey imaging data. From lens models incorporating (dust-corrected) flux ratios, we find a perturber Einstein radius 0.04 arcsec ≲ RE, G2 ≲ 0.2 arcsec and enclosed mass M p(R E, G2) ≲ 1.0 × 10 10 M⊙. The main deflector has stellar mass log10 (M */M⊙) =11.49more » $$+0.46\atop{-0.32}$$ log10 (M */M⊙)=11.49-0.32+0.46 , a projected mass M p(R E, G1) ≈ 6 × 10 11 M⊙ within its Einstein radius R E, G1 = (1.85 ± 0.15) arcsec and predicted velocity dispersion 267–280 km s -1. Follow-up images from a companion monitoring campaign show additional components, including a candidate second source at a redshift between the quasar and G1. Models with free perturbers, and dust-corrected and delay-corrected flux ratios, are also explored. The predicted time-delays (Δt AB = (135.0 ± 12.6) d, Δt BD = (21.0 ± 3.5) d) roughly agree with those measured, but better imaging is required for proper modelling and comparison. Lastly, we also discuss some lessons learnt from J0408-5354 on lensed quasar finding strategies, due to its chromaticity and morphology.« less
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  • Cited by 2