skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Discovery of the lensed quasar system DES J0408-5354

Abstract

We report the discovery and spectroscopic confirmation of the quad-like lensed quasar system DES J0408-5354 found in the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Year 1 (Y1) data. This system was discovered during a search for DES Y1 strong lensing systems using a method that identified candidates as red galaxies with multiple blue neighbors. DES J0408-5354 consists of a central red galaxy surrounded by three bright ($$i\lt 20$$) blue objects and a fourth red object. Subsequent spectroscopic observations using the Gemini South telescope confirmed that the three blue objects are indeed the lensed images of a quasar with redshift z = 2.375, and that the central red object is an early-type lensing galaxy with redshift z = 0.597. DES J0408-5354 is the first quad lensed quasar system to be found in DES and begins to demonstrate the potential of DES to discover and dramatically increase the sample size of these very rare objects.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
Contributing Org.:
DES Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1350945
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1345606; OSTI ID: 1360907
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-17-029-AE-CD; arXiv:1702.00072
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-8213; KJ0402000; KJ0503000; ERKJ311; ERKJEPM; TRN: US1700581
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; AC02-07CH11359; AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal. Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 838; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-8213
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gravitational lensing: strong; quasars: general; surveys

Citation Formats

Lin, H., Buckley-Geer, E., Agnello, A., Ostrovski, F., McMahon, R. G., Nord, B., Kuropatkin, N., Tucker, D. L., Treu, T., Chan, J. H. H., Suyu, S. H., Diehl, H. T., Collett, T., Gill, M. S. S., More, A., Amara, A., Auger, M. W., Courbin, F., Fassnacht, C. D., Frieman, J., Marshall, P. J., Meylan, G., Rusu, C. E., Abbott, T. M. C., Abdalla, F. B., Allam, S., Banerji, M., Bechtol, K., Benoit-Lévy, A., Bertin, E., Brooks, D., Burke, D. L., Rosell, A. Carnero, Kind, M. Carrasco, Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Crocce, M., D’Andrea, C. B., Costa, L. N. da, Desai, S., Dietrich, J. P., Eifler, T. F., Finley, D. A., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Gerdes, D. W., Goldstein, D. A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Kuehn, K., Lahav, O., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., March, M., Marshall, J. L., Martini, P., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Ogando, R. L. C., Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Sanchez, E., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, M., Smith, R. C., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., and Walker, A. R. Discovery of the lensed quasar system DES J0408-5354. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aa624e.
Lin, H., Buckley-Geer, E., Agnello, A., Ostrovski, F., McMahon, R. G., Nord, B., Kuropatkin, N., Tucker, D. L., Treu, T., Chan, J. H. H., Suyu, S. H., Diehl, H. T., Collett, T., Gill, M. S. S., More, A., Amara, A., Auger, M. W., Courbin, F., Fassnacht, C. D., Frieman, J., Marshall, P. J., Meylan, G., Rusu, C. E., Abbott, T. M. C., Abdalla, F. B., Allam, S., Banerji, M., Bechtol, K., Benoit-Lévy, A., Bertin, E., Brooks, D., Burke, D. L., Rosell, A. Carnero, Kind, M. Carrasco, Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Crocce, M., D’Andrea, C. B., Costa, L. N. da, Desai, S., Dietrich, J. P., Eifler, T. F., Finley, D. A., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Gerdes, D. W., Goldstein, D. A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Kuehn, K., Lahav, O., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., March, M., Marshall, J. L., Martini, P., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Ogando, R. L. C., Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Sanchez, E., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, M., Smith, R. C., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., & Walker, A. R. Discovery of the lensed quasar system DES J0408-5354. United States. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aa624e.
Lin, H., Buckley-Geer, E., Agnello, A., Ostrovski, F., McMahon, R. G., Nord, B., Kuropatkin, N., Tucker, D. L., Treu, T., Chan, J. H. H., Suyu, S. H., Diehl, H. T., Collett, T., Gill, M. S. S., More, A., Amara, A., Auger, M. W., Courbin, F., Fassnacht, C. D., Frieman, J., Marshall, P. J., Meylan, G., Rusu, C. E., Abbott, T. M. C., Abdalla, F. B., Allam, S., Banerji, M., Bechtol, K., Benoit-Lévy, A., Bertin, E., Brooks, D., Burke, D. L., Rosell, A. Carnero, Kind, M. Carrasco, Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Crocce, M., D’Andrea, C. B., Costa, L. N. da, Desai, S., Dietrich, J. P., Eifler, T. F., Finley, D. A., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Gerdes, D. W., Goldstein, D. A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Kuehn, K., Lahav, O., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., March, M., Marshall, J. L., Martini, P., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Ogando, R. L. C., Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Sanchez, E., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, M., Smith, R. C., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., and Walker, A. R. Mon . "Discovery of the lensed quasar system DES J0408-5354". United States. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aa624e. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1350945.
@article{osti_1350945,
title = {Discovery of the lensed quasar system DES J0408-5354},
author = {Lin, H. and Buckley-Geer, E. and Agnello, A. and Ostrovski, F. and McMahon, R. G. and Nord, B. and Kuropatkin, N. and Tucker, D. L. and Treu, T. and Chan, J. H. H. and Suyu, S. H. and Diehl, H. T. and Collett, T. and Gill, M. S. S. and More, A. and Amara, A. and Auger, M. W. and Courbin, F. and Fassnacht, C. D. and Frieman, J. and Marshall, P. J. and Meylan, G. and Rusu, C. E. and Abbott, T. M. C. and Abdalla, F. B. and Allam, S. and Banerji, M. and Bechtol, K. and Benoit-Lévy, A. and Bertin, E. and Brooks, D. and Burke, D. L. and Rosell, A. Carnero and Kind, M. Carrasco and Carretero, J. and Castander, F. J. and Crocce, M. and D’Andrea, C. B. and Costa, L. N. da and Desai, S. and Dietrich, J. P. and Eifler, T. F. and Finley, D. A. and Flaugher, B. and Fosalba, P. and García-Bellido, J. and Gaztanaga, E. and Gerdes, D. W. and Goldstein, D. A. and Gruen, D. and Gruendl, R. A. and Gschwend, J. and Gutierrez, G. and Honscheid, K. and James, D. J. and Kuehn, K. and Lahav, O. and Li, T. S. and Lima, M. and Maia, M. A. G. and March, M. and Marshall, J. L. and Martini, P. and Melchior, P. and Menanteau, F. and Miquel, R. and Ogando, R. L. C. and Plazas, A. A. and Romer, A. K. and Sanchez, E. and Schindler, R. and Schubnell, M. and Sevilla-Noarbe, I. and Smith, M. and Smith, R. C. and Sobreira, F. and Suchyta, E. and Swanson, M. E. C. and Tarle, G. and Thomas, D. and Walker, A. R.},
abstractNote = {We report the discovery and spectroscopic confirmation of the quad-like lensed quasar system DES J0408-5354 found in the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Year 1 (Y1) data. This system was discovered during a search for DES Y1 strong lensing systems using a method that identified candidates as red galaxies with multiple blue neighbors. DES J0408-5354 consists of a central red galaxy surrounded by three bright ($i\lt 20$) blue objects and a fourth red object. Subsequent spectroscopic observations using the Gemini South telescope confirmed that the three blue objects are indeed the lensed images of a quasar with redshift z = 2.375, and that the central red object is an early-type lensing galaxy with redshift z = 0.597. DES J0408-5354 is the first quad lensed quasar system to be found in DES and begins to demonstrate the potential of DES to discover and dramatically increase the sample size of these very rare objects.},
doi = {10.3847/2041-8213/aa624e},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal. Letters},
issn = {2041-8213},
number = 2,
volume = 838,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Data mining for gravitationally lensed quasars
journal, February 2015

  • Agnello, Adriano; Kelly, Brandon C.; Treu, Tommaso
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 448, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv037

Discovery of two gravitationally lensed quasars in the Dark Energy Survey
journal, October 2015

  • Agnello, A.; Treu, T.; Ostrovski, F.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 454, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2171

Two new large-separation gravitational lenses from SDSS
journal, January 2009


SExtractor: Software for source extraction
journal, June 1996

  • Bertin, E.; Arnouts, S.
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series, Vol. 117, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1051/aas:1996164

H0LiCOW – V. New COSMOGRAIL time delays of HE 0435−1223: H 0 to 3.8 per cent precision from strong lensing in a flat ΛCDM model
journal, November 2016

  • Bonvin, V.; Courbin, F.; Suyu, S. H.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 465, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw3006

The Cosmic Lens All-Sky Survey - II. Gravitational lens candidate selection and follow-up
journal, May 2003

  • Browne, I. W. A.; Wilkinson, P. N.; Jackson, N. J. F.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 341, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-8711.2003.06257.x

Chitah: STRONG-GRAVITATIONAL-LENS HUNTER IN IMAGING SURVEYS
journal, July 2015


Direct Detection of Cold Dark Matter Substructure
journal, June 2002

  • Dalal, N.; Kochanek, C. S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 572, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/340303

The Blanco Cosmology Survey: data Acquisition, Processing, Calibration, Quality Diagnostics, and data Release
journal, September 2012


The Dark Energy Survey and operations: Year 1
conference, August 2014

  • Diehl, H. T.; Abbott, T. M. C.; Annis, J.
  • SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.2056982

THE SLOAN BRIGHT ARCS SURVEY: FOUR STRONGLY LENSED GALAXIES WITH REDSHIFT > 2
journal, November 2009


The dark Energy Camera
journal, October 2015


The Sloan Digital sky Survey Quasar lens Search. v. Final Catalog from the Seventh data Release
journal, April 2012


Photometry of a complete sample of faint galaxies
journal, June 1980

  • Kron, R. G.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 43
  • DOI: 10.1086/190669

RVSAO 2.0: Digital Redshifts and Radial Velocities
journal, August 1998

  • Kurtz, Michael J. ; Mink, Douglas J. 
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 110, Issue 750
  • DOI: 10.1086/316207

The SDSS-III BOSS quasar lens survey: discovery of 13 gravitationally lensed quasars
journal, December 2015

  • More, Anupreeta; Oguri, Masamune; Kayo, Issha
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 456, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2813

Measuring Microlensing Using Spectra of Multiply Lensed Quasars
journal, July 2012


The Cosmic Lens All-Sky Survey - I. Source selection and observations
journal, May 2003


The Sloan Digital Sky Survey Quasar Lens Search. I. Candidate Selection Algorithm
journal, July 2006

  • Oguri, Masamune; Inada, Naohisa; Pindor, Bartosz
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 132, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1086/506019

Gravitationally lensed quasars and supernovae in future wide-field optical imaging surveys: Lensed quasars and supernovae
journal, April 2010


VDES J2325−5229 a z = 2.7 gravitationally lensed quasar discovered using morphology-independent supervised machine learning
journal, November 2016

  • Ostrovski, Fernanda; McMahon, Richard G.; Connolly, Andrew J.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 465, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw2958

Detailed Decomposition of Galaxy Images. ii. Beyond Axisymmetric Models
journal, April 2010


Probing the Coevolution of Supermassive Black Holes and Galaxies Using Gravitationally Lensed Quasar Hosts
journal, October 2006

  • Peng, Chien Y.; Impey, Chris D.; Rix, Hans‐Walter
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 649, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/506266

redMaGiC: selecting luminous red galaxies from the DES Science Verification data
journal, May 2016

  • Rozo, E.; Rykoff, E. S.; Abate, A.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 461, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw1281

A CALIBRATION OF THE STELLAR MASS FUNDAMENTAL PLANE AT z ∼ 0.5 USING THE MICRO-LENSING-INDUCED FLUX RATIO ANOMALIES OF MACRO-LENSED QUASARS , ,
journal, September 2014

  • Schechter, Paul L.; Pooley, David; Blackburne, Jeffrey A.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 793, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/793/2/96

Two Accurate Time-Delay Distances from Strong Lensing: Implications for Cosmology
journal, March 2013


Time delay cosmography
journal, July 2016


The Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer (Wise): Mission Description and Initial On-Orbit Performance
journal, November 2010


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Gaia GraL: Gaia DR2 gravitational lens systems : II. The known multiply imaged quasars⋆
    journal, October 2018


    Cosmological Distance Indicators
    journal, July 2018

    • Suyu, Sherry H.; Chang, Tzu-Ching; Courbin, Frédéric
    • Space Science Reviews, Vol. 214, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1007/s11214-018-0524-3

    Cosmological Distance Indicators
    journal, July 2018

    • Suyu, Sherry H.; Chang, Tzu-Ching; Courbin, Frédéric
    • Space Science Reviews, Vol. 214, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1007/s11214-018-0524-3

    Gaia GraL: Gaia DR2 gravitational lens systems : II. The known multiply imaged quasars⋆
    journal, October 2018