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Title: Micro X-ray Fluorescence Study of Late Pre-Hispanic Ceramics from the Western Slopes of the South Central Andes Region in the Arica y Parinacota Region, Chile: A New Methodological Approach

Abstract

Archeological ceramic paste material typically consists of a mix of a clay matrix and various millimeter and sub-millimeter sized mineral inclusions. Micro X-ray Fluorescence (μXRF) is a standard compositional classification tool, and in this work we propose and demonstrate an improved fluorescence map processing protocol where the mineral inclusions are automatically separated from the clay matrix to allow independent statistical analysis of the two parts. Application of this protocol allowed us to improve enhance the differentiation discrimination between different ceramic shards compared with the standard procedure of comparing working with only the spatially averaged elemental concentrations. Using the new protocol, we performed an initial compositional classification of a set of 83 ceramic shards from the western slopes of the south central Andean region in the Arica y Parinacota region of present-day far northern Chile. Comparing the classifications obtained using the new versus the old (average concentrations only) protocols, we found that some samples were erroneously classified with the old protocol. From an archaeological perspective, a very broad and heterogeneous sample set was used in this study due to the fact that this was the first such study to be performed on ceramics from this region. This allowed a general overviewmore » to be obtained, however further work on more specific sample sets will be necessary to extract concrete archaeological conclusions.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1350691
DOE Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Spectroscopy; Journal Volume: 70; Journal Issue: 10
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Flewett, S., Saintenoy, T., Sepulveda, M., Mosso, E. F., Robles, C., Vega, K., Gutierrez, S., Romero, A., Finney, L., Maxey, E., and Vogt, S.. Micro X-ray Fluorescence Study of Late Pre-Hispanic Ceramics from the Western Slopes of the South Central Andes Region in the Arica y Parinacota Region, Chile: A New Methodological Approach. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1177/0003702816654153.
Flewett, S., Saintenoy, T., Sepulveda, M., Mosso, E. F., Robles, C., Vega, K., Gutierrez, S., Romero, A., Finney, L., Maxey, E., & Vogt, S.. Micro X-ray Fluorescence Study of Late Pre-Hispanic Ceramics from the Western Slopes of the South Central Andes Region in the Arica y Parinacota Region, Chile: A New Methodological Approach. United States. doi:10.1177/0003702816654153.
Flewett, S., Saintenoy, T., Sepulveda, M., Mosso, E. F., Robles, C., Vega, K., Gutierrez, S., Romero, A., Finney, L., Maxey, E., and Vogt, S.. 2016. "Micro X-ray Fluorescence Study of Late Pre-Hispanic Ceramics from the Western Slopes of the South Central Andes Region in the Arica y Parinacota Region, Chile: A New Methodological Approach". United States. doi:10.1177/0003702816654153.
@article{osti_1350691,
title = {Micro X-ray Fluorescence Study of Late Pre-Hispanic Ceramics from the Western Slopes of the South Central Andes Region in the Arica y Parinacota Region, Chile: A New Methodological Approach},
author = {Flewett, S. and Saintenoy, T. and Sepulveda, M. and Mosso, E. F. and Robles, C. and Vega, K. and Gutierrez, S. and Romero, A. and Finney, L. and Maxey, E. and Vogt, S.},
abstractNote = {Archeological ceramic paste material typically consists of a mix of a clay matrix and various millimeter and sub-millimeter sized mineral inclusions. Micro X-ray Fluorescence (μXRF) is a standard compositional classification tool, and in this work we propose and demonstrate an improved fluorescence map processing protocol where the mineral inclusions are automatically separated from the clay matrix to allow independent statistical analysis of the two parts. Application of this protocol allowed us to improve enhance the differentiation discrimination between different ceramic shards compared with the standard procedure of comparing working with only the spatially averaged elemental concentrations. Using the new protocol, we performed an initial compositional classification of a set of 83 ceramic shards from the western slopes of the south central Andean region in the Arica y Parinacota region of present-day far northern Chile. Comparing the classifications obtained using the new versus the old (average concentrations only) protocols, we found that some samples were erroneously classified with the old protocol. From an archaeological perspective, a very broad and heterogeneous sample set was used in this study due to the fact that this was the first such study to be performed on ceramics from this region. This allowed a general overview to be obtained, however further work on more specific sample sets will be necessary to extract concrete archaeological conclusions.},
doi = {10.1177/0003702816654153},
journal = {Applied Spectroscopy},
number = 10,
volume = 70,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 8
}
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